X-38 — a promising Russian missile precision air-based short-range, attributable to a class "air-surface". This missile is designed to engage a wide range of purposes: armored vehicles, fortified settlements, individual and group goals, surface ships and submarines surfaced. The missile was developed Corporation "Tactical Missiles". X-38 is designed to equip future aircraft systems 5th generation (T-50 — PAK FA), as well as for the existing aircraft generation 4.
In 2013 the new Russian Air Force entered the new missile, which can be considered a very good gift from the Defense Ministry. The Kh-38 class "air-land" was put into service at the end of December 2012. Missile tests were conducted throughout 2012 under strict secrecy. Now start the first series deliveries of samples of new missiles in combat units. First of all, a new high-precision short-range missiles will have to get a Sukhoi Su-34 and MiG-29 SMT. In the future, the Kh-38 will join the arsenal of weapons of modern fighter of the 4 + + Su-35s and modernized Su-30.
The officer said the main command of the Air Force, on modern tactical missiles, which include the American Maverick domestic or X-29 thrusters surface can not be folded, so they can be used only with suspension units, located under the wings or fuselage. Currently folding planes have a strategic cruise missiles such as the Russian Kh-101 or U.S. AGM-129. These cruise missiles used heavy bombers.
When operating at long range fuel consumption is one of the most important performance characteristics of any aircraft and missiles and bombs, which are installed on the external load, increase air resistance. It is for this reason that the strategic bombers are their main weapon in the inner compartments. The creators of the X-38 rocket went the way of strategic aircraft systems as a promising Russian T-50 aircraft being developed by technology "stealth". The airplane, it is necessary that he had as little reflective surfaces, so the placement of missiles on the external load is not the best option. Thus a new missile consist only four biggest wing, while the remaining 8 do not interfere with installation of the X-38 in the bomb bay.
It is reported that one of the versions of the new missile will be able to navigate in flight using the GLONASS satellite system. The officer said the main command the Air Force, during the recent conflict in the Caucasus, the fighting in the Middle East and Afghanistan detect a target from the air is very difficult, even when you move from the ground. Means and methods of concealment today have become very sophisticated. In the forest areas or dense urban target detection becomes more challenging.
X-38 with folded fins
X Traditionally sighting ground using smoke signals, but this method is unreliable, which depends on wind and weather. Due to the wide spread of GLONASS, there is no longer need for the designation of smoke or use infrared markers, just enter the coordinates of the target satellite. Currently, GPS / GLONASS corrected and domestic bombs KAB-E and American type JDAM. By taking on the X-38 weapons from the Russian Air Force and will be satellite-guided missile.
Precision weapons for quite a long time is one of the problems of Russian Air Force head. Modern samples in parts there is little, although Russia and is engaged in delivery of some of them for export. In this case, for the needs of the Russian aircraft are mostly used old Soviet designs, many of which have already expired, especially tucked into rocket fuel. In this regard, the adoption of precision missiles X-38 can be considered a landmark step. This missile is capable of hitting stationary shelters and maneuvering enemy armored vehicles at a distance of 3 to 40 km., And the weight of its warhead can reach 250 kg.
X-38 technical features
Aircraft operated short-range missiles Kh-38ME designed to kill a wide range of land-based (armored and fortified), group and individual goals, as well as surface ships operating in the coastal strip. A feature of these missiles is to recognize their modular design, which provides them with the growth of combat effectiveness through the use of various types of military equipment and targeting, as well as the opportunity to respond quickly to changing tactical situation in the combat zone.
The missile is developed from the early 90-ies of the last century and is designed to arm not only promising Russian aircraft systems belonging to the 5th generation, but also the aircraft of the 4th generation, as well as modern attack helicopters. For the first time a rocket has been demonstrated within the framework of the general public air show MAKS-2007. The Kh-38 can be used with devices such as aircraft launch DLC or CRA. In the case of application of the missile from a helicopter in the back of her established special rocket boosters, which provide the necessary initial rocket speed.
It is planned that these missiles in time to replace the complex domestic armament combat aircraft previously adopted by adopting different modifications of the Kh-25M and X-29. In this case, by its size the new missile is intermediate between the X-25M and X-29. As compared to a new missile launch precision X-38 were significantly increased reliability, performance and service life.
Currently, this missile is available in the following versions: X-38MLE, X-38MAE, X-38MTE, X-38MKE that use different types of systems targeting:
X-38MAE — inertial + active radar;
X-38MLE — inertial + semi-active laser;
X-38MTE — inertial + thermal imaging;
X-38MKE — inertial + satellite navigation (GNSS).
Short-range missiles Kh-38ME are modular, depending on the intended target type allows you to change various homing and combat units. In this guidance is a combination of all missiles — midcourse missile controlled with inertial control system, and the terminal phase of the missile switches to homing. To lower limit movement carrier rocket control system X-38 provides enough wide angle objective in bearing in the horizontal plane at startup ± 80 °. The warhead missiles can be fitted with penetrating warhead (COEP), high-explosive fragmentation warhead (OFBCH) or cluster warhead (KBCH).
The package party Kh-38 included:
-training flight the rocket;
-model rocket dimensions and mass;
-set of documentation on the rocket;
-Group set spare parts for 10 years;
-single set of spare parts.
Ground missiles of this type of operation is ensured by means of a complex training aircraft weapons "Oka-E-1".
The scheduled performance of the X-38:
Length / diameter of the body / wing span: 4,2 x0, 31h1, 14 m
Launch mass 520 kg.
Firing range: 3-40 km.
Flight speed, maximum: 2.2 M
Bearing angle goal when starting the horizontal: ± 80 °
Probability of hitting the target: 0.8 / 0.6 (without reaction / opposition from the enemy)
Resource missiles at planting ups: 15/30 (air
plane / helicopter), fly on a carrier 75/75 hours, on an operating time of the equipment: 90/90 hours
Life span: 10 years
Warhead weight: 250 kg.
Detonation device: contact.
Altitude range start: 200-12000 m
Speed range start: 15-450 m / s.
Sources of information:
Author Sergey Yuferev