September 11, 2012 16:54
American scientists might have been able to solve the mystery of giant statues of Easter Island, guessing how the creators could move them over long distances, according to National Geographic.
According to the new theory, the huge monolithic statues moved 18 kilometers from the quarry where they were carved on the sacred places on the island where they were placed in groups of seven or eight idols, without the help of carts, cranes and even large animals.
Previously, scientists thought that the statues were transported on wooden runners, set on logs, people were pulling the ropes attaching to body image ', logs rolled and "sleigh" drove. But now a team of American researchers led by Professor of Anthropology and Archaeology, Terry Hunt of the University of Hawaii and Carl Lipo of California State University at Long Beach were able to develop a new theory, and even a concrete way to demonstrate how, without any special adaptations transported the giant stone statues.
Scientists noted that the approval of descendants of Polynesian tribe, about 800 AD, sailed to the island of the stone statues ourselves, "came" to their current location is not so unbelievable. In their last assumption by a massive belly statues, their center of gravity and the round base of the statue to "move" in a vertical position by rocking it from side to side, the so-called technology «rock 'n' roll».
Last November, the National Geographic's Expeditions Council funded experiment, in which the cameras a group of 18 men was carrying a statue ("moai") with a weight of 5 tons and a height of 3 meters. Moai moved with ropes and always kept upright. This gives rise to the impression that the huge figure dances and moves with just a few people.
Previous attempts to transport idols in the upright position were mixed success. So, in 1986, the Czech engineer Pavel Pavel along with Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl and a traveler and a team of 17 assistants, and kantuya rocking from foot to foot a huge statue, tried to move it a few meters. However, soon the base devyatitonnoy "moai" was damaged and had to stop the experiment.
A year later, another theory to test in practice, American archaeologist Charles Love. He and 25 helpers hoisted devyatitonnogo statue on wooden sleds, put on a log, and just two minutes could thus carry a statue of 45 meters.
What a way to use the natives centuries ago, scientists still can not say for sure, but note that the boulders that littered the road on Easter Island, indicate that, most likely, Hunt and Lipo theory applied in practice many centuries ago .