OJSC "Resorts of the North Caucasus" and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) will hold in the Karachay-Cherkessia unique operation to restore the bison population, 9 December Teberda reserve Republic will bring a new group of animals, said on Thursday the press service of the republic.
"The program is aimed at the completion of existing and new groups of bison living freely in the North Caucasus. Teberda Nature Reserve in Karachay-Cherkessia will bring a group of bison Oka Reserve. Currently grouping bison Teberdinsky Reserve is composed of 13 individuals, and in need of updating gene pool, as delivery of new animals in more than 40 years, "- said in a statement.
Also new will be delivered in Tseysky bison reserve in North Ossetia from Oka-Terrasny Reserve.
During the month, the new inhabitants will be kept in semi-captive conditions in a specially designed enclosure. This is necessary for the animal health requirements, and to create hierarchical relationships in a group of animals. After that, the animals will be released into the natural environment.
Need to restore the bison population — the largest land mammal in Europe caused by the sharp reduction in the number of the animal. Bison is in the Red Book of Russia as a species threatened with extinction. Last wild bison population was destroyed at the beginning of XX century.
Russian experts dealing with this problem in the late 1940s, it was then created two zubropitomnika — in the Oka and Oka-Terrasny reserves. By 1991, in the Soviet Union there were already 24 of bison live freely total of about 1,500 individuals, of which 569 — in Russia. But by the mid-1990s, the number of bison live freely in our country because of poaching decreased almost threefold, to 185 individuals.
Since 1996, WWF Russia, supported by WWF Germany is implementing a program to create freely living populations of bison in the forests of the European part of Russia. In the years 1996-2008 the number of bison in Orel, Bryansk, Kaluga, Vladimir regions due to the project exceeded 150 individuals. This quantity is sufficient for the animals to their own population could develop and grow. In 2009, WWF launched a project to restore the European bison in the Caucasus.