Multiple rocket launcher LARS-1

Multiple rocket launcher LARS-1During the second World War, German troops were able to ensure the highest efficiency Russian MLRS BM-13 and BM-31. MRL were set in the German army. Because not surprisingly, soon after the creation of the Bundeswehr in Germany began developing MLRS LARS (Leichtes Artillerie-Raketen-System — Light Artillery Rocket System), created to arm missile battalions of artillery regiments, divisions of the Bundeswehr.

First experienced MRL standards LARS-1 tests were in the middle of the 60s, to armament Bundeswehr system was adopted in 1969. Batch creation was made with the 1970 total made 209 combat aircraft, was in service with the Bundeswehr only (before the 80's Bundeswehr was actually the only NATO army, which had armed MRL).

First 80s MLRS LARS-1 has been updated and was designated LARS-2.

During the second World War, German troops were able to ensure the highest efficiency Russian MLRS BM-13 and BM-31. MRL were set in the German army. Because not surprisingly, soon after the creation of the Bundeswehr in Germany began developing MLRS LARS (Leichtes Artillerie-Raketen-System — Light Artillery Rocket System), created to arm missile battalions of artillery regiments, divisions of the Bundeswehr.

First experienced MRL standards LARS-1 tests were in the middle of the 60s, the Bundeswehr system was adopted in 1969. Batch creation was made with the 1970 total made 209 combat aircraft, was in service with the Bundeswehr only (prior to the 80's Bundeswehr was in fact the only NATO army, which had armed MRL).

First 80s MLRS LARS-1 has been updated and was designated LARS-2.

Ingredients:
MLRS LARS includes:

  • self-propelled launcher
  • unguided missiles,
  • airborne fire control equipment,
  • machine control (two cars on the battery of eight launchers)
  • transport and loading vehicle (one per pack).

Multiple rocket launcher LARS-1Self-propelled launcher developed based on the inflated terrain truck "Magirus-Deutz" Typ 178 D15A (LARS-2 on the base of the truck MAN). The unit has a traditional assembly with the placement of the artillery on the loading platform vehicle. Power installation mounted on the front frame of the car, it is for the armored cabin crew. The relatively narrow cockpit armor protects the crew from the propellant gases generated during launch rockets, bullets and hand-held tools and fragments of artillery shells and mines of small caliber.

Artillery unit has 36 trunks serving guides for starting rockets. Initially, there were two versions of an artillery unit: one package of 36 trunks and with 2 to 18 barrels each. The latter option was considered more desirable and the standard for all launchers of LARS. Packages shafts mounted on rotating frame providing a traverse range ± 50 °, and vertical angles of crosstalk from 0 ° to +50 °. Place gunner equipped packets between trunks. At his disposal are mechanical actuators guidance and panoramic sight.

To increase the resistance of the launcher during the shooting of her running gear is unloaded using the 2-mechanical jacks, mounted in the rear of the chassis of the vehicle.

The launcher is equipped elektrovosplamenitelnym mechanism that allows for the firing of rockets or single gulp: as full and part ammunition. Full salvo done in 18 seconds. Manages fire commander installation using a remote control unit or directly from the cockpit.

Shooting is 110-mm unguided rockets stabilized in flight feathers drop-down cross. The shells are equipped with subsequent reentry:

  • high-explosive DM-11 with fuse shock action;
  • high-explosive DM-21 with ready fragments (5000 iron balls) and the proximity fuse, which provides an effective radius of the life-destroying 60 m;
  • Smoke DM-15, which contains b kg smoke producing composition (MLRS battery of 8 LARS can make a smoke Zahav length of 3-5 km, which is held for 15-20 minutes);
  • cassette DM-70, equipped with eight anti-tank mines protivodnischevymi AT-1. At this point, the line of motion cassette warhead disclosed, and mines are scattered under the influence of the oncoming airflow descend by parachute. After landing, the parachute automatically disconnected, and mine is stabilized, translated into the firing position. Full salvo being mined area 400 by 300 meters (barrier consists of 2,304 minutes). Mines are equipped self-killer, triggered by the expiration of the set time;
  • sighting, which has a radar reflector and used to prepare data for firing fire control system FERA.
    Reloading of the launcher is done manually for 15 minutes.

Multiple rocket launcher LARS-1Calculation of the initial data for the shooting and the introduction of the necessary adjustment is a complex system of fire control equipment FERA, mounted on the chassis of the biaxial machine control. FERA sighting system includes missiles, radar tracking the flight paths of rockets and computers. One system serves four FERA PU LARS. In combat units sighting NUR installed reflectors of radar signals and amplifiers. Alternately at the interval fired four missiles. During their flight paths looking radar gun. The average value of 4 trajectories associated with computer calculations and determines the amendments that entered into the installation and sighting devices. So makarom errors are taken into account in determining the target coordinates and fire position PU, also differences of weather and ballistic test at the time of the actual shooting. The radar is installed behind the firing PU and slightly above it in alignment with the target. The use of full system FERA increases the effectiveness of fire MLRS by approximately 60%. In addition there is no need for leveling and hanging PU on jacks. In all this time they transfer PU traveling to combat and back is reduced to 1 min, which is very crucial for the MLRS very decamouflaging yourself when burst shooting.

Multiple rocket launcher LARS-1Auxiliary armament launcher consists of a 7.62-mm anti-aircraft guns mounted on armored hatches in the roof of the cab.

Self-propelled launcher is equipped with eight-cylinder flex-fuel diesel engine F8L714A, developing at 2300 rpm. / Min high power 148 hp. s.

Chassis is made on the wheel formula 6×6. Are steered front wheels. When driving on the highway launcher develops the highest speed 73 km / h, it is capable of climbing inclines of up to 31 ° and move on soils with low bearing capacity.

The equipment < b>starting installation includes radio, navigation equipment and fire fighting. In place of the driver can be installed infrared night vision device.

Tactical and technical characteristics:

Multiple rocket launcher LARS-1

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