One of the main advantages of this information environment was that it eliminates many shortcomings of unorganized communities and leads to a decrease in the costs of coordination to virtually zero. That's why social networks have been selected for the coordination of all political protest movements in the modern world. But we have to admit that this is not an invention of the Arab revolutions, these methods may not be on such a scale has been applied in practice.
Since January 17, 2001 is a new social phenomenon has been demonstrated by the residents of the Philippines, which after only 2 hours after blocking Parliament in the address of the impeachment of President Joseph Estrada sent each other more than 7 million electric letters of appeal out to the streets. In the end, in the protests in the streets of the capital, millions of protesters gathered, and Joseph Estrada still could not resist in his own presidential chair.
Right behind it a number of similar cases went around the planet. In Spain, the 2004 demonstrations, which were organized by means of an electric mail, stripped his post of Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar. In Moldova, in 2009, the communists lost their majority in parliament, when the country started to mess organized by young people through Twitter-and Facebook-as well. Then protesting youths took to the streets to abolish unfair results, in their opinion, the elections.
But such actions are not always meant the victory of the protesters. So does mess ended in 2006 in Belarus, in 2009 and in Iran in 2010 in Thailand. To realize its own demands in the life of some social networks is not enough, the victory of requests fully comply with certain criteria. Popular discontent has to achieve a certain explosive limit, and people need to be prepared to make sacrifices and to defend their eyes, even in the hard criteria response from the authorities. Also important is the fact of the enormous deterioration of relations between the army and the security forces, which was the key to a successful revolution in Tunisia, the army was on the side of the protesters.
The revolution of modern times characterizes the spontaneity and the lightning speed of the "export". Cost to flash in Tunisia and is also followed by a chain reaction, the excitement began in Egypt and several other Arab countries, playing a proactive, here announced the holding of various reforms. The situation in Egypt is quite different from the Tunisian much: the least educated people, even more powerful security services and the police, very low prices for bread (South American 1 cent per cake), but not even looking at the people took to the streets precisely because of inheritance modern web. Egyptian Facebook and Twitter in late January, just seething from calls out to protest. Nick on their network for itself without any control and opposition organized a favorite natural mess in the country, violating the normal functioning of the country's 10's days.
Naturally such attacks have caused the reaction of opposition from the government. In Egypt, for the first time in the modern history of the world had a total disconnection from the web. Earlier cases where the whole government is disconnected from the global network, was not. These measures were tardy nature, and therefore could not somehow affect the already out of control process. But that's the beauty of the web — means that in a very rather short time to incite the masses of fire. To control the activity of a mufti can not, for her, as demonstrated by action in Egypt, did not even need the favorites, because power can not properly counteract the phenomenon. In the usual case, one could click on the right people to apply to them the punitive sanctions, as it came out in December in Belarus, where promptly arrested almost all the opposition presidential candidates, right click on someone was just unreal, weight was out of control.
The main advantage of similar performances in the fact that even if they terminate anything, people still remains a tool that can change pretty well clumsy and ineffective political parties, which were unable to put pressure on the government to initiate those or other reforms.