February 11, 2013 12:46
Chilean scientists discovered archaeological sites, maps and historical records that indicate that the Chilean capital of Santiago was founded on the site of the city of the Incas.
This theory has been around for decades, but until now there was no evidence to confirm this. Archaeologist Ruben Steberg of the National Museum of Natural History in Chile and researcher at the University of Gonzalo Sotomayor Address Bello could find such confirmation.
Scientists have reviewed both known and previously unpublished documents and colonial maps, which provide clear evidence of the existence of an important center of the Inca civilization, which already existed in Santiago, when the Spaniards arrived.
Steberg and Sotomayor came to the conclusion that Santiago was founded by the Incas, not Spanish.
Near the Mapocho River was a public square surrounded by houses, warehouses, dams and canals, which indicate a flourishing civilization. It was the residence of the mayor Killikanty running it in prehistoric times. A similar picture is presented in the report and Steberga Sotomayor published in January.
In 1541 arrived here expedition led by Pedro de Valdivia, who founded the Spanish settlement of Santiago.
"This is a settlement on the banks of the Incas Mapocho River [Santiago] had developed an irrigation system, and there is the indigenous population — said in a report published by the National Museum of Natural History of Chile. — It's convinced Pedro de Valdivia and his men to gain a foothold in this place, which they later called Santiago. "
Scientists have also mentioned the "big Tambo", located opposite the town square. "Tambo" — a term to describe the Inca administrative buildings. It was at the same place where Europeans established their main square Plaza de Armas.
The report may be likely that this "Tambo" was built by the Spaniards and the word is the mention of the Incas to the Spanish building. But it is also possible that this was the building of the Incas, which captured the Europeans.
Archeological evidence has been found under the surface of the southern part of the basin of the river Mapocho.
Some findings were found at the intersection of Katedral and Matukana in Santiago. These are the five graves of the Incas with 22 ceramics, which were exhumed in 2001
During the funeral rites of the dead Inca dressed in their clothes, in the arm invested corn, beans, pieces of pumpkin and seeds. Tied with a rope and the body was buried, and the grave was placed jugs, pots and cups.
Defining a time period, which includes the graves, scientists have solid proof that the city existed before the arrival of the Incas Europeans in this place, the report said.
Steberg Sotomayor and collected numerous descriptions of dams and canals built by the Incas and their maps. Scientists have also led to historian Jerónimo de Vivar, who accompanied Pedro de Valdivia and witnessed the foundation of Santiago.
"The Don Pedro was a plan to build on the banks of the Mapocho River populated cities like Cusco, where the Indians could come to work — wrote Vivar. — City of the Incas fits that description, "- said Steberg and Sotomayor.