WWF Russia and the United Nations Development Programme delivered for approval to the Ministry of Natural Resources materials, which will be included in the strategy for the preservation of the snow leopard in Russia in the years 2012-2022, told RIA Novosti on Thursday, Press Secretary of the Altai-Sayan branch of WWF Russia Tatiana Ivanitskaya.
According to its data, collected over a decade studying the snow leopard materials this week were published in book form in Krasnoyarsk. In the new version of the strategy are more accurate and specifically identified key areas of future research.
As specified representative of WWF, only in some protected animals is a strategy by which they are protected in Russia. This is a species threatened with extinction which is highest: the bison, the Amur leopard, the Amur tiger, polar bear and snow leopard.
Of the strategy
"If in 2002 the number of snow leopards in Russia is estimated by experts at 150-200 individuals, the 2003-2011 study period using a set of traditional and modern methods have shown (that) the actual number of species in Russia is at least two times lower — no more than 80 -100 individuals (1.2% of the total number of species in the world) — quoted Paltsyna companion Michael, one of the authors of the strategy for the conservation of snow leopards, Project Coordinator WWF.
As added Ivanitskaya, the first "snow leopard conservation strategy in Russia" from 2002 offers a general approach to the conservation of this species in Russia, which was associated with a low at the time of his study. Played a role quite limited experience of the snow leopard in Russia. During the ten years of research, scientists have determined what direction to move in order to save and restore a Red predator in Russia.
"The previous strategy was based more on hypotheses and conjectures, because the fact we had very little. Example, it is a direction -" work with the local population, "Now we know that the local population should not just talk about the need to conserve the snow leopard, should be involved it in the process. example, we attract to work with camera traps shepherds of Tuva ", — explained the agency interlocutor.
She said that one of the most important areas in its creation of new protected natural areas in the leopard habitat and improving the functioning of the already created.
Environmentalists have big plans for cross-border cooperation with Mongolia and Kazakhstan, as known to those skilled several cross-border groupings of snow leopards (eg, on a ridge Chikhacheva).
"Especially we highlight a local increase in the standard of living of the local population, the organization of so-called alternative employment for people in the benign nature areas (ecotourism, green home, souvenirs, etc.)," — said Ivanitskaya.
Generalization of the experience
"This publication — not just another scientific book, and the results of years of research in order to preserve the snow leopard in Russia. Book contains the most current data on the biology, distribution and abundance of snow leopards in the country and offers a range of environmental measures for the conservation of this rare, in fact, located on endangered feline species in the country, "- said the interviewee.
According Ivanitskaya, as a result of a strategy for conservation of the snow leopard in the last ten years, scientists have made great strides. In particular, it has been activated anti-poaching activities, primarily designed to fight against illegal fishing in the loop habitat for predators, and new protected areas, including the Park "Saylyugemsky" parks "Ukok Quiet Zone" and "Ak -Cholushpa "in the Altai Republic, a nature park" Shuya "in Tuva and the Federal Reserve" coveted "in Khakassia).
"This includes more precise information on the distribution, abundance animal. Addition, we have taken into account and new methods of investigation, which in those days just do not use, such as camera traps, DNA found on feces snow leopard", — she said.
"We were also able to perform a number of successful projects to reduce conflicts between irbis and pastoralists in Western Tuva, collaborate with other program funds to small business development for the local population, which, we hope, will help them to have a stable income and get away from poaching" — added the interviewee.
The implementation of measures the number of key groups of the snow leopard in Russia, according to environmentalists, managed over the years to maintain stable or even increased in the South West region of Tuva. However, at present the greatest threat to the survival of species in Russia is poaching, especially loop fishing.
Snow leopard (ounce) is an endangered species. The Red Data Book of the Russian Federation and was awarded the first category — "look, which is under threat of extinction at the limit of the range." In Russia, the snow leopard lives in the northern limit of the present range and forms only a few stable groupings in optimal habitats — in the mountains of the Altai-Sayan ecoregion. Snow Leopard is included in the Red Data Book of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and has the status of a rare or endangered species in all 12 countries of its current range.
Irbis is still poorly known because of their views secretive lifestyle and inaccessible habitats. Very little is known about the biology and ecology of this rare predator, and its numbers within the current range is determined only provisionally. Very few people get to see the snow leopard in the wild, much more of his invisible presence in the mountains say trace fossils, carefully predator.