Last year, during which extreme weather caused devastating floods in Pakistan and China, as well as the unprecedented heat in Russia, was the warmest year in the history of weather observations, said Wednesday the U.S. government agency.
Experts from the UN Committee on Climate Change stated that the weather in the XXI century will be more extreme because of the accumulation of greenhouse gases. And these gases accumulate as a result of human use of fossil fuels.
Last year, along with 2005 were the warmest since the beginning of earth observations in 1880. This statement was made by the National Climatic Data Center USA, which is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
Here are examples of extreme weather in 2010.
Floods in Pakistan. Pakistan after an exceptionally strong monsoon rains experienced in the last year, the strongest in its history floods that have killed more than 1500 people. More than 20 million have been forced from their homes.
HEAT IN RUSSIA. Russia last summer suffered the most powerful heat wave. The temperature in Moscow in July by as much as 7.6 degrees Celsius higher than average. Only in the capital because of the summer heat wave was recorded at 11,000 deaths over the average figure. Heat wave has caused forest fires and caused a drought, which led to a reduction in grain yield. Because of this, prices for food products. At the same time, unusually high temperatures were recorded in Finland, Ukraine and Belarus.
Wheat prices in the past year by 47%, and the Food and Agriculture Organization FAO stated that prices for basic grains may increase even more.
FLOODS IN AUSTRALIA. Because of strong rains in 2010 became Australia's third most rainfall ever recorded. And this was even before the beginning of 2011 have devastating floods that killed 16 people. Strong rains in large parts of Australia and Indonesia in May 2010, due to the natural phenomenon of La Niña. We are talking about the cooling Pacific Ocean, leading to disruption of weather patterns.
HEAT. 2010 became Canada's warmest year on record. The average temperature of 3 degrees Celsius above the norm. During the Winter Olympics in Vancouver, there was no snow.
This year turned out to be the warmest year on record, and for a large part of northern Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and southwest Asia.
Record high temperatures were recorded in Mohenjo-Daro, Pakistan (53.3 degrees Celsius). It was a record on a national scale and the highest temperature in Asia, at least since 1942. Other peaks were observed temperatures in Jeddah (52 degrees Celsius) and Doha (50.4 degrees Celsius).
COLD. Several areas in 2010 had periods of abnormally low temperatures. These include separate areas of Siberia, interior Australia, parts of the U.S. and Europe.
Opponents of the bill put forward by the United States on the limitation of emissions of greenhouse gases have used the fact that in February in the eastern U.S. have snow storms, and began to speak of this as evidence that there is no global warming. Family Sen. James Inhofe (James Inhofe), which is skeptical about climate change, built on Capitol Hill Eskimo igloo hut, writing on it "This is Al Gore's new home." The bill ultimately failed, and this contributed to the fact that the negotiations on a new climate treaty in the UN virtually no success.
The winter chill in parts of Europe and the United States has caused traffic jams. According to some scientists, the melting of Arctic sea ice, which in itself is associated with global warming may cause arctic air masses moving further south.
OTHER ANOMALIES. Floods and landslides have killed more than 1,400 people in the Chinese province of Gansu. Ongoing from April flooding in Colombia have killed about 300 people. 2 million have fled their homes. Damage amounted to an estimated $ 5.2 billion.
Amazon hit by drought and its largest tributary, the Rio Negro river shoaled to a record low on record.
"El Niño" / "La Niña." The year began with a strong natural phenomenon "El Niño" in the Pacific Ocean. This is a natural weather phenomenon associated with the warming of the water above the normal level. This is followed by water cooling phenomenon, known as "La Niña."
SEA ICE. Cap of the Arctic sea ice declined this summer to a third the size of the minimum value in the history of satellite observations. A record reduction was made in 2007-2008. Ice cover in the Antarctic was a bit higher than usual.
With the participation of Timothy Gardner (Timothy Gardner).