Summer 2012 in the Northern Hemisphere was among three hottest in history of meteorological observations, the report said meteorologist Russia.
"Summer in the Northern Hemisphere was abnormally warm. In meteorological record, which started in 1891, the average temperature — in the top three highest values" — note the meteorologists.
Summer in Russia began with significant anomalies of mean temperature in the Urals, in Siberia, in the Far East and in the North Caucasus, which seats up to eight degrees Celsius. June in the whole country was the warmest in history of meteorological observations, July also became the only "bronze", behind 2010 and 2011 years: abnormally hot weather keep most of the month, but "now the heat alternately waged an offensive in the West, on the east the country. "
"And, although in August the temperature background is not very much higher than normal, the summer as a whole was in Russia the second warmest since record-hot 2010. In the southern regions of European Russia, the Urals and Siberia, most of the anomalies over the season average temperature exceeded 2 -3 degrees, "- said the weather center.
In Europe, the beginning of the summer, on the contrary, it was cool, and only to the end of June, the air warmed up considerably, especially in the east and south-east of the continent, say meteorologists.
"Moderately hot weather in July was in the west of the continent and is very hot — to the east. Noticeably added heat in August. At mid-month, temperatures of 40 degrees were common in the southern and south-eastern parts of the continent, and the mean temperature anomalies are exceeded 2.3 degrees, "- said the agency.
For the continent as a whole summer of temperature indicators appeared to fourth position, written by experts meteorologist.
The hottest stories in summer 2012 was for Canada, where the average rate over the summer air temperatures across most of the country has been exceeded by two degrees, and on the Labrador Peninsula — three or more degrees. Moreover, each of the three summer months in Canada came in the top three warmest for the entire period of meteorological observations.
"Very hot weather dominated much of the summer in the U.S.. This applies particularly to the Midwest and Great Lakes. Hot and dry weather led to a drastic drought in decades. Only along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts was partially moderate weather with rain. In August heat in the country began to decline "- written meteorologists.
In the Arctic, the average summer temperature reiterated the absolute maximum in 2007 and 2011, extremely high temperatures recorded on the Arctic coast of Russia and the offshore islands in the Kara Sea and the Laptev Sea, as well as in Greenland and northern Canadian archipelago. In addition, in August, was registered the absolute minimum area of ice covering the Arctic Ocean, noted in the weather center.