An analysis of 187 school textbooks published in the CIS countries has shown that, apart from Belarus and Armenia is taught in schools nationalist story based on legends about the autochthonous, original homeland, a linguistic continuity of the glorious forefathers, on kulturtregerstve, the ethnic homogeneity, the implacable the enemy. As the enemy used the images of the Russian Federation and Russian. The image of the enemy put into the textbooks, even for younger students. So, the students grade 4 schools in Georgia are studying the history and geography of the country in the course "Homeland." Paragraph devoted to South Ossetia (Georgia on terminology — Shida Kartli), comes down to three main theses: 1. Shida Kartli region — the birthplace of a number of prominent figures of the Georgian culture, 2. Ossetians have been living "on Georgian soil in cramped friendship and kinship with the Georgians", 3. In recent years, the term "hazardous enemy"Encroached on the friendship between Georgians and Ossetians and headed for his own purpose. Similar two people with a gun in his hands were against each other. Similarly constructed paragraph describing Abkhazia:" The enemies have done everything to sow discord between the Georgian and Abkhaz peoples to reject from Abkhazia Georgia. "Dangerous enemy"Is never called by name, but can you hesitate, who here does this mean?
Justification of ancient history and autochthonous state of modern civilization in school textbooks comes to anecdotal sizes. For example, in Azerbaijan Azerbaijani textbooks forefathers declared contemporaries of the Sumerians. "The first written evidence of the old tribes of Azerbaijan are in Sumerian cuneiform and epics." Protz middle of the Kyrgyz people alternately referred to as the Scythians, Huns and Usuns. In Estonian textbooks may meet the approval of the forefathers of modern Estonians and the formation of the "Estonian people" about five thousand years ago.
Mind-boggling to be recognized and Ukrainian version of the origin of modern civilization. In the Ukrainian textbooks provides the framework MSGrushevsky, the main point of which is the negation of ancient peoples and the assertion of the existence of a parallel 2-nations, "the Ukrainian-Russian" and "the Great." According Grushevskyi is that the Kiev power — the government, "Russian-Ukrainian" and Vladimir-Suzdal — "the Great" nationalities. Kiev period of history "Ukrainian-Russian nationality" evenly goes into the Galicia-Volyn, then — in the Lithuanian-Polish and Vladimir-Suzdal period of history "Great Russian nationalism" — Capital. Meanwhile, MS Grushevskii tries to prove that instead of a single Russian history, there are two 2-stories of various nationalities, "History Ukraine-Rus "and"History Muscovy and the Great Russia. "
Attention to the ancient history of the state has a clear projection to the present. The proclamation of the old Sumerian Azerbaijanis contemporaries intended to prove the thesis: "Modern Armenia appeared in the terrain of the old West Azerbaijan." Maps of Georgia history textbook for grade 5 designed to show that in ancient times the territory of Georgia was a lot more today. As a "historical regions of Georgia" on the map shows the areas that are a part of Azerbaijan, Russia and Turkey. How they got there, the students have known since the 4th grade — captured enemies.
A common feature of new public school textbooks countries is to provide contacts with Russian and Russia as a source of problems and challenges for the Protz. Thus, the first historical dating with Russian Azerbaijanis are described in textbooks as a terrible disaster, "During the campaign, the 914 brigade Slavic months continuously pillaged and ravaged the villages on the banks of the Azerbaijani Caspian Sea. They committed the flogging of civilians, stole a prisoner ladies and the kids. " The creators outline of bigotry perpetrated by the Russian, as if they themselves were witnesses to this.
First contacts with the Russian Estonians Protz described as predatory raids. The Russian Federation as a state from antiquity to the present day is attributed to anger. So, in the very formation of the Latvian editions centralized state in Russia is presented as a bad factor for Latvia, because it had "brutal aspirations": aspired "to get access to the Baltic Sea." Before students deployed a horror picture, starting from the end of the XV century, the rulers of the metropolitan sent troops once attacked the Livonian lands, robbed and stole captive inhabitants. With all of this only in passing noticed that the troops of the Livonian Order, "also made inroads into Russia." The Livonian War and in the Latvian and Estonian textbooks interpreted as anger on the part of Russia.
Joining those or other areas to RF, usually poorly estimated. Benefits derived from the people in the vast country, in silence, the focus is on the loss of independence. Status of their own territory in the Russian Empire history books of Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Uzbekistan classify it as "colonial" and therefore qualify as a Russian "colonial".
Armenian makers are showing a more balanced approach, noting the progressive for the Armenian people by the conquest of Russia in Transcaucasia. The main content of stories in the state of membership in the Russian Empire is the national liberation struggle. So, in Kazakh history textbook written: "The struggle of the Kazakh people against Russian colonialism lasted a long time, covering the second half of the XVIII century. Till 90th. Twentieth century. Next add a dozen examples of the struggle for the independence of the Kazakh people — the uprising, the excitement, the national liberation movement, speech, and so on.
The oppression of Muslims Turkestan uprising in 1916 in the Kyrgyz textbooks evaluated as an attempt to defeat the Kyrgyz people, "undertaken measures to tsarist oppression uprising resulted in the total destruction of the Kyrgyz people. Faced with the threat of genocide, the rebels have quickly migrated to China." "From the total annihilation of the Kyrgyz only helped overthrow the Tsar and the Russian October Revolution."
Actions revolutions of 1917 and the civilian war regarded books, usually through the same prism of the national liberation struggle. In some countries the term "plainclothes war" is not used in general. Modern textbooks portray the Bolsheviks, or Russian, or in the hands of Russian dolls. In the Azerbaijani school Bolsheviks represented the allies of the Armenians. The very establishment of Russian power in Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ukraine, is portrayed as "angry", "intervention", "occupation".
"Our Russian homeland are not satisfied with the conquest Georgia and the creation of a slave to her occupational government — written by the creators of the 1st of Georgian textbooks — now Moscow has launched its own treacherous plan — the div
ision of Georgia into autonomous units. The Abkhazian and Ossetian separatists were quick to use the anti-Georgian policy RF. "
The entire period of Russian history textbooks, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan classify it as "colonial". "Azerbaijan is reincarnated as a Russian colony of, which began immediately to implement the socio-economic and political measures, a charge her colonial interests." "Kazakhstan converted into raw materials of the country, that he was and remained a colony." "Built over the years businesses and Turksib only to increment the volume exported from the Republic of raw materials."
The origin of the second world war books, Georgia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine and Estonia attributed to "the Molotov — Ribbentrop Pact." It is evaluated as the agreement of the aggressors to start the second world war.
…History, as we know, write your favorites. We lost the cool war in 1991, and, of course, that the favorite began to reformat the story for themselves. Here we have what we have said, namely, in the publication.