Russian aircraft industry. From the personal to the general

Russian aircraft.  From the particular to the general

In the previous article devoted task re Russian military transport aircraft were mentioned some of the problems to be solved, as long as the Air Force to upgrade the latest technology is recognized fit. However, it should be recognized that the overall problem facing the Russian aircraft industry are only part of the overall structural problems of Russian economy and management mechanism, and their decision is often outside the capacity and the ability to manage the aviation industry. Still, first things first.

Few of the task

This material is in no way a recipe for immediate recovery of the Russian aircraft industry and its output to the world position of favorites. Long and careful about what is happening in the Russian aviation and aerospace industry, I believe that these observations provide some awareness of what is happening, and in this paper a lower, more like my personal eyes on the action, and a personal point of view on the average of their development. Whereupon, pray, get down.

In formulating the problem of

In my personal opinion, the main problem now Russian aircraft sounds followed by this: it does not exist. The country is the creation of different aircraft, components, equipment, spare parts, but the aircraft industry — is absent. Although, of course, it was. And of course, now it is trying to recreate. What after all is the aircraft industry, and what are the symptoms of it?

Aircraft manufacturing is available as an overarching scientific and technical system includes actual production, development, scientific, technical and commercial components. The task of the country in modern Russian criteria is to ensure that the criteria for:

serial production of the desired aircraft, components, equipment, etc.

continuous improvement and substitution produced by more modern structures, if necessary

studies provide new development and the creation of a suitable foundation

economic feasibility of all of the above, which can not be reduced to a simple 'income must exceed the costs. " Leaving aside the military aircraft to which this category of general maloprimenima should be aware that the government, to be exact — the country and the society as a whole possess certain finite resources to achieve their goals. And in this case — the task aircraft — to provide a very efficient expenditure of these resources. In our case — air transport, as part of the transport system of the country needs to do its job of keeping the country's logistics connectivity, providing citizens, business entities and the state very wide range of methods for solving transport problems, with good cost.

What do we have now? Now we have a situation in which the direction of naming work (and often — do not work) is virtually independent of each other, which leads to degradation of the system of the whole industry, continuing for two decades. In general, it should be noted that the roots of many of the ills of modern Russian aircraft industry were laid in the Russian prosperous times, during the second half of the 60's — early 80's, when the management of the country and the aviation industry has been admitted to a number of system errors in determining how the development aviatsii1.

Shed tears over missed abilities, back in the "now" and try to assess the scale of the work. To begin with — assets. What do we have in the black?

We have, in general, everything is fine with the pilot. Developing a separate entity — "Helicopters of Russia" — the two main Russian helicopter design bureaus and major factory serial retain their capacity. The idea of producing helicopters can give the following table:

The development of helicopters in Russia by year 2007-12 (including for MO). Source — the data "Helicopters of Russia".

Russian aircraft.  From the particular to the general

* — Estimated number of

All data are learned in comparison, and we can compare these characteristics with the Russian (the following table is taken from SK Kolpakov's "History of Aviation Industry of the Russian Federation)

Russian aircraft.  From the particular to the general

We are interested specifically in this case, "brick" column — Helicopters. In 2012, the creation of this technique in Russia will surpass the performance in 1990, and based on a rather usmotritelnyh forecasts a 15% increase in production in the coming two years to reach next year's milestone of 360 cars, and in 2014 — will surpass the peak figure in 1986. Recall, this was achieved in the criteria of the Afghan war, which required a continuous supply of helicopters to replace the lost and written off by physical deterioration, and the supply of the active Russian Union of friendly regimes with arms and military equipment, including helicopters, around the world and in most cases — for their own account. In addition, this figure was achieved on a much more simple to equip the machines and equipment: standard Mi-8T/Mi-17 1985 differs from the modern MTV or AMTSH or export of Mi-171 is also about how the army "Steyr-the-Pooh" from stranded "Gelendevagena", although they are obvious brothers outside. The same can be said for the Mi-24V / P in relation to the Mi-35, Mi-28 and Ka-52.

We all, in general, very good with combat aircraft. The family of fighters on the platform of the T-10 is confidently holding the lead by number of built and sold cars in the past 20 years, thanks to the good features of the platform and the widest choice of options. From relatively common and cheapest kind Su-27SK/Su-30MK2/MKK to stranded Su-30MKI and its derivatives, the value of which for foreign customers and has long been firmly climbed over the limit of 100 million dollars per unit. Recently, the potential of this branch will be strengthened including through the resumption of serial deliveries of machines on the platform of the T-10 for the Russian Air Force.

It is impossible not to mention the fact that now our home together with the United States is the only state smogshey lift into the air fighter fifth generation. For all that, the platform is the T-50 is still in the very beginning of its own contemporary way, we can already say with confidence that the new fighter is — except for the aircraft Our homeland is experiencing complex avionics for this machine, hopefully engine, and new weapons. With all of this for each of the options have a spare solutions, insurers in the event of a probable neudachi2.

We survived engine building. Responsible direction aviation in its history, now, despite all the difficulties, in Russia it is, both military and civilian. Read about iteration of the AL-31F, the new "117th" and promising "129th" meaning the engine is gone, all interested and so probably already have in mind a complete do
ssier. In the civilian signal on its engine-preservation was the beginning of the test motor head of a new family of PD-14, which should in the coming 10 years to come to replace the SS-90.

These are the main advantages. Cons, unfortunately, more.

Russian aviation industry has now burst of commercial vehicles. It constantly puts the aviation industry in the position of the applicant, to find the means enforced. Aircraft family is now genuine support aviation CCIA, giving the lion's share of revolutions of Western aircraft industry.

Here the reader may rebel and poke creator in SSJ-100. Creator, in turn, will express the creators SSJ-100 deepest respect and humbly trusts that in the coming years, its serial creation still gets to the holy 50-70 cars a year. If it will last "poluseriynym" rate of 10-15 aircraft, then the example program can be buried already at this point — even with the current pace of orders will not be executed.

In addition, it is necessary to lay hope for successful implementation of the MS-21: The program works on the scale is more serious than a management "Irkut" has not given reasons to doubt their own professionalism.

But again — as long as it's only hope. Stably manufactured and sold many tens of times a year now ship with the Russian Federation no.

Russian aviation industry, like the rest of the defense, is now experiencing a profound shortage of personnel. This hunger can not be "appeased" only the efforts of the aviation industry to grow and verbovaniyu frames, and then help the country needs the most.

Russian aircraft industry also suffers from degradation capacity. If you do not take the helicopter and some "airplane" islands of stability of the "Irkut" others "live" airframe factories are quite sad sight, to a large extent braking all frisky plans to increase production. Almost all of this hitch correlated with the above-mentioned problem of personnel.

Here you can cram a lot of other problems, but it will suffice as long as these. Their solution, at least, "will break the trend."

Small business

The stated aims — strategic, but the decision can be made easier to get close enough swiftly implemented tactical activities that, at a minimum, "revive" the aircraft industry, and will broaden some narrow places. Start from the beginning: SSJ increasing production at the plant "Sukhoi Civil Aircraft" in Komsomolsk, the case, of course, useful and necessary, but here and now in the Russian Federation is ready for mass production and modern enough mid-range airliner, known in his own latest modification The Tu-204SM. The salvation of this machine is seen in action on three fronts: the change management Tupolev, in recent years has demonstrated an inability and unwillingness to work with the airlines, to provide a solid contract for the purchase of a 10-s Tu-204SM on the part of state-controlled companies (first "Russian" and " Aeroflot ", and likely others) state contract for the supply of a 10-s as the Tu-204 in different" militarized version "of the higher command of the carrier, to the" Open Skies "and antisubmarine.

Similarly, strict agreements with the living resources that can be invested in the creation, you can raise and the construction of transport vehicles Il-76MD-90 (recognized as IL-476), and the start of a series of AN-70 and AN-124 restart. And here the role of the country must be decisive — defense contracts and support municipal park AK require a municipal investment funds. Personal aviation business in Russia similar means does not have.

Decision lack of personnel in the defense industry more difficult. Almost all of it is tied to the classical solution for personal business challenges in the world economy on the staff. We have the same staff is a classic victim of a new campaign for saving the budget, despite the fact that the fraction of wages in the Russian economy and the aviation industry, too — and not so great. Obviously, the growth of wages will not increase the quality of cadres and rally their level, but it will provide an additional incentive to "stay in the defense industry," those who are in the current criteria wants to try his luck on the other side of a passing aircraft factory. Maybe an incentive to the solution of this problem will increase accountability for their acts of management of the aviation industry. All readings for this is — at least for the layoffs, in some kinds of cases. We remember the historical period when the smallest sins were paid for life, and not unemployment.

The decision of the first 2-problems — almost all of the key to the solution of the third. Availability of funds for the deployment of production, coupled with the best motivation of the staff should assist the creation of back pretty quickly. Positive examples, again, there is. "Irkut". Plant "Progress" in Arsenyev and most of the other helicopter plants of. In the case of naming difficulties were solved, we can say, "on their own", without reference to the national package.

Artel'nykh as clear even handier Batka peel. It is up to the porter.

1 Talk about this dilemma in itself for themselves can draw on 10's pages, because confine assertion that the Soviet Union "viewed" time consolidation of the main developers of civilian aircraft in the West, where the number of developers and manufacturers of modern aircraft has decreased dramatically, with parallel increase R & D intensity and growth of integrated costs for each individual project. Impartially conceding the West in terms of economic and technological development, the Soviet Union could not afford to support themselves just three (three and a half if you count the civilian direction of Antonov)-independent branches of commercial aviation. Unfortunately, the realization of this fact has come very late.

2 Specifically designated places without all the "extra points" does not yet allow us to refer to the Chinese aircraft design J-XX, is implemented in the main decisions on foreign and alien technology.

Like this post? Please share to your friends: