Will pave the way to Mars through the dark side of the moon
NASA intends to build on the dark side of the moon base that would be "a stepping stone to Mars." The project could start as early as 2017, writes The Daily Mail.
Manned station on the back of the satellite will be, according to the calculations of American Scientists, the starting point for a manned spacecraft that will launch to the Red Planet. The distance from the base to the Earth will be 277 thousand kilometers. For comparison, the ISS flies at an altitude of only 370 km from the surface of our planet.
Parking space ships will be in specific modules EML-2. These modules use the libration effect — slow oscillation of the orbit of the Moon. Due to the balance of the gravitational fields of the Earth and the Moon EML-2 will be able to hang in the space between the planet and its satellite.
During the construction of the base NASA will have to solve a number of problems. Primarily, scientists need to provide protection from radiation astronauts. A significant concern is the issue of supply stations and ships that are sent to Mars.
For the construction of the station the U.S. space agency is likely to use some of the modules remaining in the construction of the ISS. As stated by NASA, the database location "on the other side of the Moon as a testing ground for sending a man into deep space is the best opportunity to gain the necessary experience and flight risk reduction." Start the project, which, according to preliminary estimates, will have to spend $ 3 billion a year, maybe in five years.
However, while the U.S. space agency plans not approved in Washington. Now department is negotiating with the White House and Congress. In connection with this, NASA has other embodiments of the flight to Mars.
"There are a lot of options and routes. Now we are looking for ways how to easily and with minimal risk to get to Mars, "- said NASA spokesman David Weaver.
Recall recently started thinking about the development of the moon and the Russian authorities. Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, Russian scientists proposed to build a base on Earth's satellite. This will give impetus to the development of the entire national space industry, he said. "We have a lot of space activity is a competition between countries, and therefore should be a big supergoal that drags science and industry, which will enable the country to escape from the captivity of the problems that we are 20 years", — said Rogozin.
Russia, said Deputy Prime Minister, has learned to "work in near-Earth space in the absence of gravity." "Why do not you try to work in low gravity on the Earth's natural satellite? This task is a large, prestigious and political ", — he said.