Andrea Rossi (Andrea Rossi), investor and adventurer, who together with other people have long been developing the power plant on cold fusion Energy Catalyzer (E-Cat). The purpose of this installation is to get a very cheap clean energy, the reaction of cold fusion. And opponents of the technology are showing great confidence in this development. But, regardless of the fact whether people believe Andrea Rossi or not, according to the information set small E-Cat, designed for home use may be on the market before the end of this year.
Data from Wiki:
Cold fusion — The alleged possibility of nuclear fusion reactions in the chemical (atomic or molecular) systems without significant heating of the working substance. Known nuclear fusion reactions take place at temperatures of millions of degrees Kelvin.
In the foreign literature also known under the names:
Low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR, low-energy nuclear reactions)
chemically assistiruemye (induced) nuclear reactions (CANR)
A lot of messages and extensive database of successful implementation of the experiment subsequently were either "newspaper ducks", or the result of ill-posed experiments. Leading laboratories in the world were not able to repeat any such experiment, and if it is repeated, it became clear that the authors of the experiment, as subspecialists, incorrectly interpret the results or even wrong to experiment, do not carry out the necessary measurements, etc.
And yet, at the end of 2011 was sold on the basis of the first installation of the reactor cold fusion E-Cat output power of 1 MW to the buyer after the demonstration of successful tests of the system. Who is the author and producer Andrea Rossi is taking orders for the assembly of a competent, serious-minded, paying customers.
If you are reading this article, most likely you are interested in the latest energy technologies. In such a case, as you prospect of owning odnomegavatnym cold fusion reactor that produces a huge amount of continuous thermal energy using a negligible amount of nickel and hydrogen as a fuel, and works offline practically consuming electricity at the entrance? It is a system, as described on the verge of science fiction. In addition, the actual creation of such time may invalidate all existing methods of energy generation combined. The idea of the existence of such an extraordinary, efficient source of energy, which, in addition, should have a relatively low price, the sound is amazing, is not it?
Well, in light of recent events in the development of high-tech alternative energy sources, there is one real consciousness Spine news.
Andrea Rossi takes orders for manufacture of reactor systems of cold fusion E-Cat (from the English. Energy catalyzer — catalyst of energy) one megawatt of power. And since there is not an ephemeral fantasy creation of another "alchemist of science," and really existing, functioning and ready to be sold in real time, device. Moreover, the first two units have already found owners, one even delivered to the buyer, and the second is at the assembly stage. Read about the trial and the first sale here.
These truly break the paradigm of modern energy systems can be configured to produce up to one megawatt of power at the output of each. Setting comprises from 52 to 100 or more individual "modules" E-Cat, each of which consists of three small domestic cold fusion reactors. All modules are assembled within a conventional steel container (measuring 5m x 2.6m x 2.6m) which can be installed anywhere. Can be delivered by land, sea or air. Importantly, in contrast to the commonly used nuclear fission reactors, the reactor cold fusion E-Cat does not use radioactive materials, produces no radioactive emissions into the environment, does not produce nuclear waste, and does not carry the potential dangers of melting the shell or the reactor core — the most fatal and, unfortunately, quite common, accidents on the traditional nuclear installations. The worst scenario for the E-Cat: reactor core overheats, it breaks down and just stops working. That's all.
As stated by the manufacturers, the full test installation are carried out under the supervision of a hypothetical owner prior to registration of the final part of the deal. Simultaneously, the training of engineers and technicians, which will continue to maintain the installation in the buyer. If a customer is not satisfied with anything, the deal is canceled. It should be noted that the buyer (or his representative) fully controls all aspects of testing: how to carry out tests, which test equipment is used, how much last all processes, test mode — standard (at constant energy), or stand-alone (with the actual zero input).
According to Andrea Rossi, the technology works without a doubt, and he is so confident in their product that provides potential buyers of all available opportunities independently verify this:
if they want to control start-up without the hydrogen nuclei in the reactor (for comparison of results) — it can be done!
if you want to look at the work of the unit and the constant offline for an extended period of time, you just need to say about it!
if you want to bring any of their own high-tech scopes and other measuring equipment to measure each of microwatts of energy produced in the course of work — excellent!
At the moment, such a unit can only be sold to a suitable qualified buyers. This means that the client should not be just an individual interested party, but a representative of a business organization, company, institution or agency. However, the plan to create smaller units for individual home use. Approximate deadline for the development and production start-up — a year. But there can be problems with certification. As long as Russia is a European certification mark for its industrial plants.
Cost odnomegavatnoy unit is $ 2,000 per kilowatt. Summary ($ 2,000,000) just seems exorbitant. In fact, given the incredible savings on fuel, it is quite true. If you compare the cost and amount of fuel systems Rossi needed to produce a certain amount of energy, with the same parameters on fuel for other systems currently available, the value will simply not comparable. For example, Rossi argues that the dose of hydrogen and nickel powder required for megawatt installation for a minimum of six months, it is worth no more than a couple of hundred euros. All because a few grams of nickel, originally placed in the core of each reactor, enough for at least 6 months, the consumption of hydrogen in the system as a whole is also very low. In fact, when testing the first set sold less than 2 grams of hydrogen was maintained throughout the operation of the system for the entire duration of the experiment (i.e. of the order of 7 hours). It turns out, you need to really negligible amount of resources.
Here are some other benefits of E-Cat: compact size and high "energy density", quiet operation (50 decibels of sound at a distance of 5 meters from the unit), the lack of weather conditions (unlike solar or wind power plants), and modular design of the device — if one of the elements of the system for some reason fails, it can be quickly replaced.
Rossi intends to release 30 to 100 odnomegavatnyh units in the first year of production. The hypothetical buyer can contact his company Leonardo Corporation and reserve one of the devices planned for release.
Of course, there are skeptics who argue that this simply can not be that manufacturers are dark, not allowing observers to the tests of the main energokontroliruyuschih organizations, and that, whether the invention Rossi truly effective, the movers and shakers of the existing distribution system of power (read financial) resources are not allowed to the release of information about it in the light.
Someone is in doubt. As example is interesting and very detailed article that appeared online magazine Forbes.
However, according to some observers, October 28, 2011 gave the official start of the actual transition of humanity into a new era of cold fusion: the era of clean, safe, cheap and affordable energy.
And the latest from October 9, 2012 on the topic. Information purely technical nature and to me personally is poorly understood.
Andrea Rossi at this time of publish a report on the high-temperature apparatus E-sat on the blog E-Cat world. According to the scientist, the date of the report — 9th October 2012. He also stressed that the report was made directly by the child — the corporation "Leonardo", and not someone else. However, Rossi said that the report was sent to the third party assessment there is no one to whom it is — is unknown. Here are some of the interesting points of the report:
"Warning: This report is published by LEONARDO CORPORATION, and not someone else. Tests by independent third parties will be published as soon as the work on them over, and in this report we would like to give data obtained as a result of concurrent use of the same instrumentation, the same reactor, the so-called "HOT CAT". Assessing the figures we we interpret as very similar to the expected results of "third parties". The reactor was developed in the USA. The measuring equipment was chosen after the Swedish test from the 6th of September, so the measurements were carried out as accurately as possible, avoiding the use of ammeters, voltmeters, replaced on the instrument are described in detail in Appendix 2, modulated on the basis of technology VARIAC instead TRIAC.
Please read very carefully: we use "." To refer to the tenth of the particles and the comma "," to separate thousands, and not vice versa, as in many countries.
The reactor has a cylindrical shape with the following dimensions:
Length -33 cm
Diameter — 8.6
2, 891 cm
The inner cylinder was removed in order to measure only the surface energy on the basis of the Stefan Boltzmann formula.
Weight before charging: 4,331 g
Weight before test: 4 351 g
Weight after stopping the test: 4,350 g
Charge weight: 20 g
Start the test: September 25 8:00 am
Closing the test: October 9th 8:00 am
The total duration of the test: 336 hours
The time required for the transition of the reactor at full power for 4 hours
The time required for a complete shutdown of the reactor: 4:00
Full-time stabilizing the reactor: 328 hours
Room temperature: 25 degrees Celsius average
Temperature reached after 4 hours of 1050 degrees Celsius
The average temperature during 228 hours of 1050 degrees Celsius
Primenennye power supplies
The total time of independent work: 118 hours
The highest voltage primenennoe 5 kilowatts
The average voltage of the power supply: 2.4 kilowatts
The total amount of energy consumed: 278.4 kilowatts
T (° K) ^ 4 = 2.838 * 10 ^ 12
W = 2.838 * 10 ^ 12 * 5.67 * 10 ^ -8 * 8.91 * 10 ^ 2 * 10 ^ -4 = 14,337 Wh * h ^ -1
The total number of recovered energy:
Kilovatt/chas/278.4 3,268 = 11.7 (coefficient of performance)
Equipment for measuring the outer shell (surface): THERMOCHAMBER OPTRIS PI 160
Equipment for measuring electrical energy consumed to test: TURSDALE TECHNICAL SERVICES PCE-830
PAINT OF THE EXTERNAL SURFACE OF THE REACTOR:
Properties and color of paint the outer surface of the reactor: Black, patented formula, resistance up to 1200 degrees Celsius, produced specifically for the corporation "Leonardo" Company "UNIVERSOKEMA" (Treviso, Italy).
At the moment the test is under careful study of independent persons.
Watch from the secret archives. Cold fusion
Thanks to Yuri for the topic for an article . For me it was a revelation. Not surprising not concealed skepticism of most of the world's minds, but I already got used to the fact that a truly revolutionary development in the field of alternative energy sources will need to withstand the onslaught of the strongest oil tycoons. I hope that this portable device for home use will someday and I