Since the beginning of the year in Russia have risen sharply the price of gasoline and diesel fuel. In some regions of growth exceeded 20% in some of 50%. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin ordered to check whether the actual profit from the sharp rise in prices. How does the rise in the cost of fuel in Russia may affect the situation in Belarus? And especially given the fact that the terms of contracts with Russian suppliers of raw materials for 2011 have not identified?
Until now, Russian gasoline and diesel oil remained among the lowest in the CIS. However, This year,, When the excise tax on fuel has risen to 22%, price increases exceeded not only the figure, but in some places reached 50%. Since the majority of traffic carried by road, it is immediately reflected in the cost of food and other goods.
During a special meeting with representatives of the oil sector, the head of the Russian government Vladimir Putin suggested: the reason for the sharp rise in prices — an attempt to maximize profits. And made it clear that the voracious oil companies this can end badly:
"To prepare for this meeting, some of the company immediately reduced the selling prices from oil refineries. Some of their colleagues have announced price reductions in the course of the meeting. In this regard, I have a question: how our solutions during the meeting were reflected in the market? Actual decline was — or we do not yet see? "
Administrative intervention has affected the cost of fuel, and in many regions of the Russian prices avtazalivachnyh stations began to gradually go back. Most is the situation with diesel fuel. The once most affordable, it surpassed even gasoline prices in the A-92. The Belarusian equivalent — an increase of 700 rubles per liter.
What happens with fuel prices in Belarus? From February 1 concern "Belneftekhim" has risen by 10% of the cost for certain types of black oil — heating oil, kerosene, fuel oil, tar. Retail prices for gasoline and diesel fuel have not changed yet, but it's worth remembering that in the past year they have been adjusted three times, total — 17%.
Even after the moratorium on price increases during the presidential election now they are released across the board, starting with the utility bills. According to the economic observer Tatiana Manyanok, stakeholders have already appealed to the government to raise the price of fuel:
"It should be borne in mind that the beginning he wasa very complicated for Belarusian oil. Given that there was no general duty-free oil (as it was supposed to go from 1 January), oil companies were forced to work on the remains from the last year. Belarusian oil not exported, although the relevant agreements were reached. This situation is very complicated financial situation refineries, which, according to preliminary data in January worked at a loss. About $ 15 million — the cost of Mozyr refinery, about the same situation with "Naftan". According to unofficial data, these plants turned into concern "Belneftekhim" and concern — the government, that all happened and higher prices for light oil. So far, the government has not taken such a decision. "
According to the expert, to keep the prices on the domestic market is quite difficult. In addition to the unenviable position of being faced Belarusian refineries due to protracted negotiations in Moscow, had a negative impact on the economy has made the refusal of Russian companies engaged in oil refining on commission. Finally, still remain unclear to sign a contract with Russian suppliers for the current year:
"It is not exactly known conditions for the supply of Russian oil in March and a further term. While the Belarusian side is making efforts and negotiations with Russian companies are yet to return them to the tolling processing and reduce the financial press, which falls on the Belarusian plants to which in some way to optimize refining. But it's pretty hard to do. And the money necessary to get not only to support the production cycle, but also to realize the investment programs, which have been proposed. refineries for export — the matter of their survival. When they will not raise standards , the oil will not be in demand on world markets. And they will also lose. Therefore, in this situation would be quite difficult to do without increasing domestic prices of petroleum products. "
Meanwhile, according to the oil agreements within the Common Economic Space, a lot of customers waiting for just the opposite — reduce the price of fuel. In particular, the first vice-premier Vladimir Semashko, and his deputies claimed that the signed agreement gave Belarus a much better conditions for oil than they were, not only in the past year, and even in 2009.