Russian shipbuilding is in decline. Sorry to hear such statements, although they are valid. Our homeland is positioning itself as a developed country in the energy, economy, industry and other industries. But it looks like it's only words — in reality, the country as before remains a raw materials appendage.
In accordance with the presidential decree, in 2007, was created by the United Shipbuilding Company (USC). As stated on the official website, the main objective of its activity — the centralization of a large part of Russian shipbuilding industry and the coordination of its activities to meet demand, both Russian and zabugornyh customers.
Why build ships and vessels in the West and South-East Asia — a profitable business, and in Russia — it unprofitable? Why our home for 20 years, was not able to move to a market economy and take a decent niche in the world shipbuilding? For example, Vietnam in 2002, created only 0.01% of the world shipbuilding, and by 2007 headed for the level of 2.19%, surpassing the modern Russian civilian shipbuilding volume more than 20 times. About such level of world shipbuilding USC meant to achieve in the indefinite future.
At present, Russian ships are often built on foreign projects for zabugornyh customers. Moreover, sometimes it just the body, and the mechanisms for electrical stuffing them put abroad. Russian ship owners to this day prefer to place orders overseas, where they receive high-quality ships faster and cheaper.
The process of forming USC delayed, progress in shipbuilding and there has not. Over the last six months of the USC track down three notable stories.
1st — industrial design competition in shipbuilding. The requirements of this contest organized by the USC in the main category "External futuristic look corvette" constantly mitigated. In the end, it was necessary to give a sketch of the appearance of the corvette XXI century. Placed projects raise many questions, because their implementation requires huge funds. Do not take into account the requirements of the operating load, stability, general location, the comparability of weapons and devices, like almost everything else is taught, for example, in St. Petersburg Dzerzhinka or Korabelke. Some projects were kind of "lapped" with foreign counterparts.
Boat builders are willing to innovate, but there are requirements that can not be broken. Of course, there are cases where non-professionals specifically made the greatest inventions and discoveries. But let's not forget that the modern ship design involves a compromise between the abundance of contradicting each other requirements. On the one hand, the brutal marine environment tends tiniest mistake or miscalculation shipbuilder Crew flip drown, crush ship. On the other hand, modern ship should be to equip the different technical systems, instrument, means of energy, communications, surveillance, detection, protection … To meet these challenges remaining spices, and most of the participants were amateurs in shipbuilding. But favorites are named, and experts in their midst, it seems, is not.
Second story is related to Finnish investments and orders. At the end of last year in the Kremlin tripartite agreement was signed between "Sovcomflot" USC and STX Finland on construction in Finland, 2-functional icebreaking supply vessels. With all of this not so long ago from St. Petersburg "Northern shipyard"(CB) and the Baltic Plant (BR) built a supply vessels and diesel-electric icebreakers of the key — and means they are able to fulfill the order and STX Finland.
Multi-supply ship «Far spirit», built on the North Wharf turnkey for a Norwegian customer
Why is the order of $ 200 million went to another country? Most likely, it's not only that the two whales Russian shipbuilding (MW and BR) are not part of the USC …
One of the areas prescribed by the Maritime Doctrine of the Russian Federation, is the development of offshore resources. To do this, except for support vessels, drilling rigs, tankers and gas carriers of ice navigation, useful for nuclear-powered icebreakers. Already in this decade in the Russian nuclear fleet, maybe there is only one atomic icebreaker — "50 Years of Victory". Others will cut the metal.
Photo rosatomflot.ru nuclear icebreaker "50 Years of Victory", handed the Baltic factory in 2007. It has the largest dimensions in the world, with a capacity of power plant and ice-covered
In the near future in shipbuilding circles intensely exaggerated the construction of a nuclear-powered icebreaker in Russia, which can be run in a batch creation. At the same time, consider the possibility of building a series of nuclear-powered icebreakers in Finland and Germany — all of it, namely, says the fact that USC has purchased the assets of Finnish shipyards.
First Russian nuclear icebreaker "Lenin", and that was the very first in the world, built in Leningrad "Admiralty Shipyards", and the next eight — in fact everything in KB. Why USC again tries to find a solution is not "here" and "there"? Important to note that the head of "Rosatom" Sergey Kiriyenko, being at Petersburg BRs, said that, apparently, the nuclear icebreakers should be built specifically for this plant.
Third story — the creation of a Russian-French consortium USC-DCNS and delivery of Mistral helicopter carriers for the Russian Navy.
Thread purchasing Russian "Mistral" in France is already very long discussions are in the media and on the sidelines of the shipbuilding companies. Unique and innovative, as experts say, this project is not, and at first, certainly not many who believed in its implementation. But ultimately, a competition was launched, it was necessary to bring helicopter. USC and the French DCNS, ready to build them, have merged into a consortium — no one was astonished that it was he who won the tender.
In the end, our homeland will receive from France, only two blocks from the helicopter power plants and propulsion. The cost of each of the "Mistral" will be about 600-800 million euros — without weapons and devices. Glad to see that on May 27 this year after the summit, "eight" in Deauville, President of the Russian Federation said that the same two ships will be built in RF. With all of this equipment of these ships Russian equipment (helicopters and boats) will lead to the fact that the introduction of area and volume will be ineffective — because the project was developed under the standards and sizes of French art. Looming
next issue purchases of helicopters and boats from France … It is worth considering also the fact that the helicopter is not designed to operate in the criteria of the Russian winter, and if you have to use them only in corresponding latitudes.
From an operational point of view of the ships, in sharp contrast to their design features, standards and even the appearance will be something like the "black sheep" with an incomprehensible military value.
At the moment, the Ministry of Defence with difficulty financing construction necessary military equipment, even corvettes.
Against this background, the alleged purchase of helicopter to be produced at the expense of taxpayers, it looks very unsightly.
Soviet designed and built the large surface ships, including traditional helicopter. Neva Design Bureau and the Northern Design Bureau ready to design ships, similar "Mistral", but adapted to the conditions of operation in Russia. Underutilized plant is in St. Petersburg, Severodvinsk and the Far East. And once our homeland can design and build a cruiser, nuclear-powered icebreakers and helicopter, why take them abroad?
Judging from the official website of the USC, the company reasonably expresses lack of confidence in achieving the "desired economic effect of the consolidation of the assets." Cheers that USC's own future care, although it would be better taken care of its leaders on the development of the shipbuilding industry of, and the well-being of workers and engineers Russian shipyards.
By the way, in March this year JSC "Admiralty Shipyards" (comes in the USC) lowered the research ship has an ice class "Academic Treshnikov." This is the first ship of this type, under construction in RF.
"Admiralty Shipyards" has always been one of the first in the development of new technologies and the construction of complex ships. But fate Oldest Acquisition shipyard in Russia, founded by Peter the stateliness, was solved in the framework of last year's St. Petersburg international economic forum. The Governor of St. Petersburg and local authorities intensive support translation main power plant on the peninsula Kotlin and construction of modern shipyard there. Virtually eliminating the transfer means.
Takeaway capacity will be carried out under the pretext of building the New Admiralty bridge between the peninsula of the same name and Vasilevsky. But of course, that the area in the center of the town, occupied by "Admiralty Shipyards" presentable to investors — for example, to the construction of luxury homes (as they say in the official sources, the liberated areas will be used for the construction of residential, commercial and social facilities.).
USC's latest promises to build a modern shipyard in the peninsula Kotlin by 2017. Another suggestion ex-CEO of shipyards, a prominent citizen of St. Petersburg Vladimir Alexandrov build a tunnel instead of a bridge caused no reaction tribute.
Why did not realize the construction of the super shipyard in Primorsk? Since not formed a portfolio of orders. But "serious" orders will not be until the modern facility, which, in turn, need to build a portfolio. It turns vicious circle. There is a fear that by 2017, the bulk of "Admiralty Shipyards" demolish and construction the new plant will descend on the brakes because of the lack of a knapsack orders. Maybe USC sees a way out of this vicious circle?