The reforms in the army many abused, but one fact does not cause vibrations at anybody: RF military spending grow rapidly.
In the coming years, the government spend beyond $ 20 trillion rubles at the fabulous rearmament. Where and against whom may be applied the new tanks, ships and planes?
"The most difficult to answer that question, the answer to that is obvious." The expression of majestic Bernard Shaw does not lose relevance today. Of course, that our homeland — the majestic power and one of the poles of power and therefore must always be fully prepared. It is one thing to talk about it abstractly and quite another — to monitor large-scale military buildup. The reforms in the army many abused, but one fact is no one oscillation: military spending RF grow rapidly. In the past year they increased immediately by 9.3% year on year — to $ 72 billion. So Makar, we have already bypassed the volume of spending on armaments England and France, by the way, for the first time in modern history. And the rate of growth of military spending ahead of China and India, not to mention the United States. Not even tasted the taste of the economy people saw that against the background of prevailing economic uncertainty, a large defense procurement by 20 trillion by 2020 has not been reduced. Here necessarily reflect: what did these huge funds will be used and for what purpose the Russian Federation as a new instrument? Let's face it.
The ultimate guarantor of national security of the Russian Federation generally remain Strategic Rocket Forces mission (SRF). In this area in the near future has undergone several fundamental events. In-1's, began to be realized long ago announced plans to establish a modern 100-ton intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) silo-based with promising means of overcoming missile defense (BMD) of the enemy. This is an important decision indicates that the command has changed my mind renounce languid ICBMs. Budding rocket would come to replace the Russian complex UR-100N UTTH "Stiletto", the service life is extended until the completion of work on a brand new product. Apparently, the military concluded that under the criteria of this class ICBMs are very principled and effective deterrent, so turn away from them.
In-2, in December 2011, and this year the War Department in the face of the commander of the Strategic Missile Forces Sergei Karakaeva and official dealer of the press service of the Defense Ministry by SMF Vadim Koval stated more than once on the likely continuation of research on the design of military railway missile system (BZHRK) of the last generation. Recall that were in service with the Union of Russian Strategic Missile Forces BZHRK with a rocket "scalpel" is one of the major trump cards of the USSR in the confrontation with the United States. They will not be detectable by means of gallakticheskoy intelligence and guarantee the possibility of a retaliatory attack on the United States in the event of a nuclear conflict. Allusions to the probable creation of a promising BZHRK likely to signal a South American partners, stubbornly flexes his line in building a missile defense system in Europe.
But the re-shrink on not only the SRF. Now we see the beginning of the revival of Russian Navy (Navy). In his update on the state defense order is allocated 4.5 trillion rubles! In shipyards already laid and built more than 40 surface ships and submarines. But if you get acquainted with the details of the armament of new combat units, then there is the issue of involuntary introduction of the concept of the fleet in the near future. Thus, the new frigates of the "Admiral Gorshkov" and under construction for the Black Sea Fleet and the Caspian Flotilla small missile ships of the "Buyan-M" have a similar impact Missiles. It is a question of the missile complex "Movement" with a range of ground targets more than 2 thousand km, which is several times greater than the range Russian complexes standing in the Navy. In fact, it is the transition from the tactical and operational-tactical to strategic weapons, with command wants to equip such means even a small tonnage ships. There is a reasonable question: Why? At the theoretical level, the ability of such long-range weapons permit, say, the waters of the Dark and the Caspian Sea to control even the Persian Gulf. Of course, the military presence in the Mediterranean Basin continues to play a very important role in the plans of the Ministry of Defense. With all of this has taken control of the Navy executive decision in a short time to change outdated Black Sea Fleet, but no mention is frigates of the "Admiral Gorshkov", the construction of which comes with a scratch, while more ordinary and the exhaust in the production of the project 11356M frigates. Three of these ships have already been laid and during the 2-years to have to enter the fleet.
Separate line is a series of six diesel submarines being built specifically for the Black Sea Fleet. Completion of such a harsh battle of submarine forces will allow to expand, first, the ability of anti-group, because at the moment in Turkey in the Black Sea as much as 14 submarines against one in Russia.
In addition to large-scale construction of new vessels have plans to return to the system of Russian ships, long time to be in limbo. First, it concerns the nuclear missile cruiser "Admiral Nakhimov" and several nuclear submarines with cruise missiles Project 949 "Antey" (analogous to the victim of "Kursk"), which at the present time are in the long-term repair or conservation. At the end of last year, RIA "Novosti", referring to a source in the military-industrial complex (MIC), said that "Anthea" will upgrade and get the latest shock armament, including, apparently, missiles and "Diameter" and "Onyx". And on "Nakhimov" is to send special attention: the cruisers of the project and is now listed as the most massive shock warships in the world, and one can only guess what this ability ship will have after the upgrade. These combat units will increase at first, the Northern Fleet — to fight for the Arctic, and it will not be easy.
We turn now to the aircraft. Analysis of the prisoners and planned agreements on the front first fighter, aviation suggesting a desire to command a fleet can be faster to update the main sectors. In addition to orders for promising machine T-50 (PAK FA) and Su-35s Defense Ministry signed a contract for the supply of Su-30cm (Russian version MKI), also intensively negotiating with the RAC "MiG" on the purchase of light MiG-35. Even if we consider that the fighter 5th generation yet to be a couple of years of testing, it would be reasonable all the same to suspend its own choice on the Su-35s, leaving all the power to create the model. But for the organization of large-scale production takes time, and planes are needed now. In late September, some media have sounded the Ministry of Defense plans to place before the end of 2013 on a peninsula of land Bimbo interceptor MiG-31. This is an important decision would increment the combat stability of the Northern Fleet, practically devoid of a real moment of fighter cover. It is clear that in the 1980s was based on the airfield Rogachevo 63rd Guards Regiment on the Su-27. But in 1993, he was brought to the continent and disbanded. So the future relocation should at least partially close the terrible breach in the area of missile defense. In Rogachevo already repave the runway and lighting equi
pment, and the pilots of one of the parts of the Su-27 this year, made several trips to the latest Earth. 20 years later, vorachivaetsya to normal.
If we are talking about the Arctic, it is necessary to note the frequent flights of our strategic bombers Tu-95MS and Tu-160. On patrol in the northern regions do not become a rarity. The increased activity of the air component of the strategic nuclear forces (SNF) is accompanied by the Russian Federation and the reconstruction of the network of airfields so that they could make strategic bombers. The goal here yavna: get as many bands for dispersal in the event of a conflict.
Nor one severe military Now the conflict is not complete without the use of tanks. Our homeland has naikrupneyshim tank park in the world, which obviously asks upgrade and substitution. And here a few months back, it became clear that defense companies specializing repair armored vehicles, received a large order from the War Department to the deep modernization of the tanks were in service, namely the T-72. Ultimately, these war machines actually does not give way to the modern Russian army tank now — the T-90. True, there is a completely logical question: why waste a lot of money to modernize obsolescent, if the development is brand new technology? Recall that one of the main directions of development of the Russian Army was elected promising to create a new tank. Work on the project "Armata", according to the defense industry, are in full swing, while experienced standards promise to present almost in 2014. Capacity Tank fist looks very impressive when you consider that nearly half of NATO states have refused either going to turn away from the heavy armored vehicles. In this case, it is not only small countries like Holland, and the principal members of the alliance — England and Germany. If ballistic missiles more or less clear — it is a means of deterring the U.S. and its allies — where it may be necessary so massive tank groupings?
According to the views of management of the country, the number of external threats to Russia grows. And now it is possible to identify a number of potentially unsafe conflict zones. The main source of concern now is the prospect of deploying U.S. missile defense system in Eastern Europe. In Moscow, as in the past believe that it is targeted only against Russia. The absence of any progress in the negotiations with the U.S. on missile defense has forced the army to take a number of retaliatory measures of military-technical character, namely, to put on alert several distant radar detection. But other than that the favorites of the country have been announced and much more tough decisions to be taken in this case, if there is a real threat to the Russian strategic nuclear forces. In November last year, President Dmitry Medvedev said: "Russia may place on the west and south of the country modern weapons systems drums providing fire damage to the euro component of missile defense. One such step would be to deploy missile complex "Iskander" in the Kaliningrad special district … "
Yet not all the spices agree with that formulation of the question. One of the leading Russian military professionals Ruslan Pukhov, in an interview with our magazine, said: "The subject of missile defense — a fictional thing. By the way, as well as issues of NATO expansion to the East. I believe these dangers delayed — they are updated in the future. And our homeland by the time or really get stronger and be able to fend off these dangers, or we will have a new 1917 was, well, 1991 or year, and then we have nothing to be scared. "
Another huge concern among professionals probable cause local conflicts in the former Soviet Union and in the neighboring countries to the south of the borders of the former Soviet Union. The situation around Libya, Iran and Syria, has shown that weak militarily Our homeland can not be an equal partner of the West in the resolution of regional conflicts. And it's obviously annoying Russian control. In addition, Moscow worried about the strengthening of Turkey, especially in connection with the war in Syria.
But not even the Middle East is a major risk area for Russia. Potential hazards can trap us even closer — in the Caucasus and Central Asia. Georgia, despite the political configurations have occurred there, as in the past can not be considered a friendly state, it almost put up with the loss of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. In addition, in the Caucasus last confrontation between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Baku's defense spending is constantly grow (in 2013, they will be about $ 2 billion, or 13% of budget expenditures), and because financial capabilities of Azerbaijan and Armenia are not comparable, then at some point the balance in the region could be disrupted. But Azerbaijan, apparently, no longer believe that Moscow will help him regain areas seized by Armenia, and slowly change its own foreign policy, directing his own view in the West. First alarm bell rang in June of this year when Azerbaijan proposed unacceptable conditions in advance of the Russian Federation to renew the lease of Gabala radar station. Although unable to resolve the problem of nasty residue remained.
Severe conflict can appear in Transnistria. In October the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation in the person of Ambassador for special assignments Dmitry Gubarev declared its readiness to recognize Tiraspol in this case, if Moldova will lose its independence and become part of Romania. Maybe not tomorrow or the day after, but a similar development is completely real.
But the main possible danger comes, apparently, from Central Asia. "The next war will be in one form or another in Central Asia — says Ruslan Pukhov. — Most likely, after the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan. " Can not be excluded and some version of "Central Asian Spring" — regime change and destabilization in the region.
To summarize, we can say: a large-scale rearmament of the Russian army shows that our homeland intensively trying to regain their status of the majestic military power and is willing to devote a lot of money on it. With all this you can quite clearly distinguish the two vectors of development. First vector — strategic, and as before it assumes an implicit confrontation with the United States that, in general, does not mean an imminent military conflict between countries. Hurry, this desire to return the old Russian elite military parity with the Yankees, even if not in the Russian scale, but nevertheless …
Second vector — a preparation for the likely local wars and, therefore, capacity building of conventional non-conventional weapons. The possibility of "small wars" just can not be excluded — actions in August 2008 in South Ossetia were catchy proof of that. At the moment, our homeland obviously wants to be able to read with their neighbors, the coming from a position of strength — for example, with the same former Russian republics or Turkey. And in the future, may be deemed necessary to intervene in the not so distant from the Russian border conflicts. So the catch phrase of the Roman historian Cornelius Nepos — "If you want peace — prepare for war" — a live and up to date.
A reference to RF — In particular.