On the coming three years is planned steady increase in military spending of. According to the Ministry of money in 2011, they will increase by 19.1% and amount to 1.521 trillion. rub., in 2012 will increase by 9.2% and amount to 1.661 trillion. rub., and in 2013 will grow by 26.6% — up to 2.102 trillion. rub.
With all of this, for example, reduced funding for health care from 375.6 billion. rub. in 2011 to 356.1 billion. rub. in 2013. Also reduced spending on education and science.
The growth of military spending is justified with 2 reasons. In-1's, in 2012 the principles of the currency will be changed for servicemen. In-2, will increase purchases of arms and military equipment.
Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Defense Zavarzin referred to the cost of the purchase and repair of weapons in the coming three years: in 2011 — 460 billion. rub., in 2012 — 596 billion. rub., in 2013 — 980 billion. rub. Of these funds to purchase new weapons will be spent in 2011 year — 64%, in 2012 — 66%, in 2012 — 70%. Other funds will be used to repair and upgrade existing in the army and navy equipment — initially costly nuclear and diesel-electric submarines, surface ships and aircraft.
Immediately plans will be reviewed scientific and engineering work on the creation of new weapons. Some research, that for a long time no result will be closed. Overall provision in this decline. In 2011, they amount to 27 billion. rub., in 2012 — 22 billion. rub.
Lowering the cost of R & D is justified drop properties of many design offices that have not evolved past 20 years behind the world of science and technology. For this reason, the Defense Ministry began to buy foreign weapons. It is already clear that there will be a contract for the acquisition in France UDC "Mistral" and the construction of 3 more such ships totaling more than $ 1.2 billion. euro.
Defense does not reveal what armament will be purchased, but it is clear that about half of the money usually spent on the maintenance of nuclear deterrence — is intercontinental ballistic missiles (up to 10 units per year, including pilot), the construction of mobile missile complexes "Topol-M" and nuclear submarines — currently being built three "Boreas".
In 2011 on armament Air Force and Air Defense will arrive serial Su-35 frontline bombers and Su-34 will come on new transport aircraft Il-112, Il-476 and Il-76MD modernize the helicopters Ka-52 "Alligator" and the Mi-28N.
For the Navy will provide the new corvettes and frigates, which will go to the Navy in 2013-2014. Part of the defense in 2011 will receive four anti-aircraft missile system S-400. In Defense of the Land Forces received a new modification of the mobile anti-aircraft system "Tor-M2U." The latest technology air defense ground forces last received 16 years ago.
At this point, according to the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, Russian armed forces in less than 10% of new weapons. For example, only 4% of tanks made after 2000. In September 2009, the auditor of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation Nikolai Tabachkov announced that the fraction of modern weapons supplied to the army in general is only 6%. Because of the purchase of certain types of aging military equipment abandoned. For example, in 2011 does not imply an order for tanks.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev claimed that in 2015, 30% of the weapons were new, and by 2020 the update should reach 70-80%.
To do this at the moment are developed Municipal programm arms for 2011-2020 and the defense industry development programm for 2011-2020. The program provides for an arms appropriate to the acquisition of weapons and military equipment for the 10 years of the Armed Forces of about 19 trillion. rub.
But it should be seen that since 1996 in Russia were taken three long programs from the municipal arms. None of them have not been performed, and the procurement of new weapons were carried out in single copies. There is a risk that new girl programm will be just as ineffective. The case may be several. In 1-x, inflation and rising prices for military products are able to eat at least some budget. In-2, corruption schemes, allows bureaucrats to steal the funds. B-3, physical deterioration and a low level of technological equipment in enterprises, which do not allow to create a benign military equipment. Specifically, for these reasons, failed programs from the past.