The armed forces of the Russian Federation in 2013, will withdraw completely from its own legacy of medium tanks T-62, which will begin after the disposal of the New prazdnichkom. The relevant decision was made by auto-armored Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense. Write-off of equipment will allow to fill the municipal budget — after dismantling tanks spare parts will go to storage in warehouses, from which you will later be exported. Some countries are already interested in the possibility of their purchase.
T-62: The History and Structure
Average tank T-62 was developed in the late 1950s on the basis of the T-55. The car has received a traditional assembly, in which the engine-transmission unit is located in the aft compartment of management — in the front, but a fighting — in the middle of the tank. Had to drive the car a crew of 4 people — driver, commander, gunner and loader.
Engineers defended the T-62 differentiated protivosnaryadnym booking of metal rolled and cast homogeneous armor, giving as a weapon smoothbore cannon 115 mm and 7.62 mm and 12.7. The tank could reach a speed of 50 km per hour speed in store was about 500 km on the highway and about 400 km — cross country. Patency of the T-62 at the time of the development also meet the highest standards — the tank could overcome a wall height of 0.8 meters, a width of trench to 2.85 meters and a depth of up to a ford 1.4 meters (using a snorkel — up to 5 meters).
T-62 was put into mass creation in 1961 and carried out to the middle of the 1970s. During this period of time was released a total of about 20 thousand difficulties tanks, which stood at armament not only of the Land Forces of the USSR, but also the armies of another 27 countries, including Algeria, Vietnam, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Somalia, Ethiopia, Mongolia and Tanzania.
Since 1985, the tanks were modernized and received a dynamic protection. At the T-62 was installed anti-nuclear defense system, which was intended to rescue the crew of the excess pressure of the shock wave of a nuclear explosion, ionizing radiation and radioactive dust. This was achieved at the expense of additional sealing the hull and turret inserts, seals, and automatic closing hatches and vozduhopoglotiteley.
At the disposal of the Russian Federation in general difficulties remained about 900 T-62 tanks, of which 150, as of the end of 2011, were in the army. They all have transferred to the company "Spetsremont" the Holding "Oboronservis" for recycling. After dismantling tanks main components, including engines, boxes and torsion bars, will be transferred to warehouses for storage and next export sales. According to the newspaper "Izvestia", some countries, the names of which are still unidentified, are already interested in buying parts — currently the T-62 are still in operation in 17 countries.
The main T-62 battle
During its history, the T-62 only in the Ground Forces of the USSR and the Russian Federation took part in seven armed conflict. Namely, in 1968 as part of "Operation Danube" T-62 was introduced in the Czech countryside with the Warsaw Pact troops (except Romania). In 1969, the machine took part in the border conflict on the peninsula Damanskiy, and in 1979-1989 were used intensively Russian army in the war in Afghanistan.
Our homeland later used the medium tanks in the first and second Chechen campaigns of 1994-2000, the conflict in Dagestan in 1999 and, in the end, the war in South Ossetia in 2008. Naikrupneyshimi military conflicts in which the T-62 took part in the composition of foreign troops, the judgment day or war began in 1973 (as part of the 25th Egyptian armored brigade), the war in Lebanon in 1982 (as part of the Syrian forces) and the Gulf War of 1991 ( Iraqi troops).
The decision to lift the T-62 tanks from service of the Russian Federation, adopted by major auto-armored Department of the Ministry of Defense, was preparing for a couple of years and, in fact, was not a surprise. Write-off of the T-62 made in accordance with the order, signed by Anatoly Serdyukov in 2011 (when he was Minister of Defence) which directs the armed forces to retire non-core standards of military equipment and switch to a single caliber guns main battle tanks.
On arms should only modernized and new T-72 tanks (at the current time in service cost 9.6 thousand units), T-80 (4.4 thousand units) and T-90 (about 800 units), and inadequate unification and outdated T-55 T-62 and T-64 should go to the scrap.
The state program also means raising the arms of the Russian Federation bit of modern technology in itself is not enough troops to 75 percent by 2020. In 2014, the Ministry of Defence wants to buy an experimental batch of 16 main battle tanks on the basis of promising a single platform the heavy armor "Armata". These machines will accept a role in the military operation, and in 2015 will begin delivery "Armat" in troops. So in the coming couple of years should wait for the new write-downs — Office wants to change all of the new tanks "Armata".
In general, it is not only in unification. Currently in service with the Russian Federation there are 20 thousand tanks, despite the fact that the need for troops in armored technique is much smaller. In 2010, the War Department announced a planned reduction in fleet to 10 thousand cars. In 2009, it is generally unwilling to give up armed with only two thousand machines, and the other 18 thousand pieces of equipment to send to the recycling and storage — in other words 10 thousand will be possible to fully inflated number.
It may be that in the end everything will turn out exactly as planned in 2009. 2-3 thousand modern tanks should be pretty — considering the fact that at this point in the world get more and more important non-contact methods of warfare. Massive bombing, shelling and far missiles can completely change a thousand tanks.