Non-nuclear explosive tests or sub-critical nuclear tests are a special undermining nuclear warheads with plutonium and uranium, but without the release of nuclear energy. While similar tests done disruption of chemical explosive that the shock wave compresses the standards of fissile materials with different shelf life and fragments of nuclear warheads. These tests enable us to study the physical processes occurring in nuclear charges at the time of the explosion.
Plus similar tests is the lack of infection protection and radioactive emissions. With all of this, researchers are able to find the remaining life of the storage of nuclear warheads and confirm their reliability. Ground Matochkin The ball is a more comfortable place to conduct such tests — he has a depth of 12 meters, anchorages and the highest places of steep banks. In the U.S., similar tests in the programs from Pollux conducted a nuclear test site in Nevada.
Nuclear test site on The newest Earth, also recognized as the "Object 700" was created in 1954. It consists of three main structures for ground, underwater, ground and air nuclear tests: Dark of Guba Matochkin Ball and D-II. Last test nuclear energy release was held at the Novaya Zemlya test site in 1990. In total, at the site were produced 130 nuclear explosions.