Paraboloid death

The beginning of the twentieth century has brought into the daily life of mankind many useful inventions: the distribution of electricity and the internal combustion engine has reached unprecedented proportions, which made travel much more convenient.



In the military has also witnessed a breakthrough — the battlefields dusty tanks in heaven chatter engines bombers, railways ironed armored … However, this inquisitive design ideas did not stop, and one by one began to appear a weapon, striking enemies … "death rays."

Krysoboyka Mathews

The mysterious identity of the mysterious device
The mysterious identity of the mysterious device

The most famous character in the creation of "death ray" at the time was a British electrical engineer. "Recently abroad raised very big noise about a new invention English explorer Grindella Matthews — reported in the January 1924 Soviet magazine" Radio ". — According to the inventor, his "death rays" as he himself called them, make it possible to kill at a distance of living organisms to produce explosions of gunpowder, stop on track cars, airplanes, etc. In foreign newspaper printing, extremely susceptible to all sorts of sensations, already drawn the military use of a new invention: the borders of a State establishes a number of projectors that emit these rays, and no airplane can not come close to the borders, no projectile will fly through the protective zone, no living being can not approach her … "

Tempted to get these weapons immediately succumbed to the British military circles that the inventor had allocated 25,000 pounds. Matthews soon in the presence of the military demonstrated the destructive power of the "death ray": a handful of gunpowder detonated under their influence, a floating mine exploded; rat tied to a stool, died, and finally stalled motorcycle engine.

However, the generals were happy for long: it turned out that the rays, it was not fatal, and the most that neither is
ordinary. The trick is that the photocell that by capturing the radiation initiated detonator in a mine and a heap of gunpowder, gave a lethal dose of the current through the wire, which was attached a rat, and stop fuel supply to the engine. Matthews, fleeing the persecution of the press and it is possible prosecution for fraud, was forced to go to France, and then in the United States.

Mystery Filippova

Still from the film "The Hyperboloid of Engineer Garin"
The mysterious identity of the mysterious device

The most famous character in the creation of "death ray" at the time was a British electrical engineer. "Recently abroad raised very big noise about a new invention English explorer Grindella Matthews — reported in the January 1924 Soviet magazine" Radio ". — According to the inventor, his "death rays" as he himself called them, make it possible to kill at a distance of living organisms to produce explosions of gunpowder, stop on track cars, airplanes, etc. In foreign newspaper printing, extremely susceptible to all sorts of sensations, already drawn the military use of a new invention: the borders of a State establishes a number of projectors that emit these rays, and no airplane can not come close to the borders, no projectile will fly through the protective zone, no living being can not approach her … "

Tempted to get these weapons immediately succumbed to the British military circles that the inventor had allocated 25,000 pounds. Matthews soon in the presence of the military demonstrated the destructive power of the "death ray": a handful of gunpowder detonated under their influence, a floating mine exploded; rat tied to a stool, died, and finally stalled motorcycle engine.

However, the generals were happy for long: it turned out that the rays, it was not fatal, and the most that neither is
ordinary. The trick is that the photocell that by capturing the radiation initiated detonator in a mine and a heap of gunpowder, gave a lethal dose of the current through the wire, which was attached a rat, and stop fuel supply to the engine. Matthews, fleeing the persecution of the press and it is possible prosecution for fraud, was forced to go to France, and then in the United States.

Mystery Filippova

Still from the film "The Hyperboloid of Engineer Garin"
Still from the film "The Hyperboloid of Engineer Garin"

In addition to Matthews, such cases (and in the same UK) hunted and another inventor "death ray" — Italian Ulivi. Before World War I, he showed up on the shores of Albion, and suggested that the Government generator "rays" that could undermine everything away. The demonstration, at first glance, to support to the inventor — floating target exploded just as the Japanese battleship "Mikasa" in Sasebo harbor after his side were seen mysterious person with a mysterious machine.

But after it became clear that the target was undermined not "death rays" and banal mini-torpedo Ulivi quickly moved to France, where a few months unsuccessfully trying to interest the War Department. Having failed, he went to Italy, where he was waiting for success: the apparatus noticed the big industrialists, politicians and even the Admiral Fornani. Ulivi immediately launched intense activity: a public limited company to introduce "F-ray" in the army, to issue shares and began to count the profits. But suddenly a police search of his office showed that "death rays" actually is an elementary chemical compound that reacts violently with water, therefore, there was a good old-fashioned fraud. After that, the public showed Ulivi last miracle: he vanished without a trace in the air.

In our country, a pioneer in the creation of death rays should recognize the natural philosophy of Dr. Mikhail Filippov, publisher of the popular academic journal "Scientific Review." "In my youth, — wrote Filippov letter to the editor of the newspaper" St. Petersburg Vedomosti ", received June 11 (old style), 1903, — I read with Buckle, that the invention of gunpowder made war less bloody. Since then, I have pursued the idea of the possibility of such an invention that would make war almost impossible. It is surprising, but the other day I made a discovery, practical design that actually abolish war. It is about the way I invented the electric wave transmission over a distance of explosion, and, judging by the techniques employed, the transfer of this is possible and at a distance of thousands of kilometers, so that making the explosion in St. Petersburg, you can pass it to the action of Constantinople. The method is simple and amazingly cheap. But with such a warfare at a distance, I have said, the war actually becomes mad and should be abolished. I will publish the details of the fall in
Memoirs of the Academy of Sciences … "

However, neither fall nor ever Mikhail details were released the next day —
inventor found in his room, lying face down in a pool of blood. The death of the scientist is shrouded in mystery to this day — home that night, did not hear anything suspicious, medical experts disagree on the cause of death, and the police report of the search is still preserved in the archives of unpublished.

Hyperboloid Joffe

Abram Fedorovich Ioffe (background) to develop "death rays" for the government of the USSR
Abram Fedorovich Ioffe (background) to develop "death rays" for the government of the USSR

In the Soviet Union to study the "death ray" came more serious than in other countries. So, December 13, 1932 Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR, Mikhail Tukhachevsky in the presence of Prof. Joffe Cherkashova and Shuleikin draft radiator notorious rays (5 and 10 megavolt), developed by the Institute Ioffe radiology. According to calculations, the "death rays" were to kill all life on the distance of 400 meters.
According to the results of the meeting agreed to continue the Physico-Technical Institute of the Academy of Sciences.
Later, a report on the establishment of the radiator has been prepared for the Chairman of the People's Commissar Voroshilov, Molotov CPC, but no details about it, nor do any details about the device Joffe unknown until now.

However, it was evident that the "application of the" death ray "in the war on a large scale will result in normal
cases to such wasteful energy consumption, which is hardly a success on the field of battle justify it, "- wrote in 1936, the magazine" Technology — the youth. " "But all this does not mean that the radiant energy in general can not be used in a future war — immediately made a reservation author. — In some cases, a more narrow scope, it can play a huge role. "

Grindell Matthews (standing back to camera) controls the "death rays"
Abram Fedorovich Ioffe (background) to develop "death rays" for the government of the USSR

In the Soviet Union to study the "death ray" came more serious than in other countries. So, December 13, 1932 Chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR, Mikhail Tukhachevsky in the presence of Prof. Joffe Cherkashova and Shuleikin draft radiator notorious rays (5 and 10 megavolt), developed by the Institute Ioffe radiology. According to calculations, the "death rays" were to kill all life on the distance of 400 meters.
According to the results of the meeting agreed to continue the Physico-Technical Institute of the Academy of Sciences.
Later, a report on the establishment of the radiator has been prepared for the Chairman of the People's Commissar Voroshilov, Molotov CPC, but no details about it, nor do any details about the device Joffe unknown until now.

However, it was evident that the "application of the" death ray "in the war on a large scale will result in normal
cases to such wasteful energy consumption, which is hardly a success on the field of battle justify it, "- wrote in 1936, the magazine" Technology — the youth. " "But all this does not mean that the radiant energy in general can not be used in a future war — immediately made a reservation author. — In some cases, a more narrow scope, it can play a huge role. "

Grindell Matthews (standing back to camera) controls the "death rays"
Grindell Matthews (standing back to camera) controls the "death rays"


In particular, by the high efficiency of "death rays" as a weapon of defense. In the traditional firing aircraft with cannons and machine guns affecting energy is concentrated in a small volume of bullets and shells, but a ray of much greater speed and volume, to "catch" and bring down the aircraft much easier.

"Thus, when asked about the rays of death, we can say that this type of equipment must be considered as an indispensable part of the complex system of arms, perform their specific functions — sums Joseph Pok in his article" death rays. " — Modern military equipment is strong not only in some way defeat. The main importance of this technique is complex and unexpected combination of diverse and surprising properties of matter. "
That's for sure: neither add nor subtract …

Category: Scientists, experts, science

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