Techno telepathy was in the list of five technologies that, according to the forecast IBM «5 in 5? Most strongly influence the life of society in the next five years. "Imagine that you only need to think about calling someone, and it will be perfect. Or you may want to move the object on the screen, and the computer will do it. Within 5 years we will witness the emergence of the first versions of this technology in the gaming and entertainment industry, "- experts predict IBM.
It should be noted that the existing technology is allowed to go beyond the simplest of actions — such as turning off lights will power. A "gadget" that lets you control a computer game "power of thought", you can easily find on the open market for about $ 300 (there is a simple "non-computer" toys with the mind control).
Experiments on reading meaningful messages from the brain and control the behavior of animals were still in the 1960s. However, if they are limited to the simplest level, and were then frozen for almost two decades. A new round began after the effective CT scanners.
Techno telepathy developed in two directions. The first relates to non-invasive methods — brain activity monitors external device, such as EEG. This eliminates the need to gross interference in the body, but the accuracy of such methods is relatively low. The second area involves invasive techniques — typically used super-thin electrodes. In this case it is possible to trace in some detail proactive in the area of the brain. As a result, the earliest and most spectacular achievements in technological telepathy associated with this trend.
The first victims were expected progress telepathic rats. In 1990 the Institute of Duke in the U.S. rodent supplied 48-electrode implant in the motor center of the brain, and deprived of water. Initially, the rat learned to quench their thirst, pressing the button. The device is then turned off and began to pump water when brain activity is consistent with a button click. Rat realized that to get enough water to think about it — and began to think deeply and regularly. In fact, this was the first example of mental control mechanisms.
In 1996, the University of Emory (Atlanta), experiments with desperately sick people. The first was a failure, but the second has led to the fact that in 1998, the artist and musician Johnny Ray, completely paralyzed, unable to control the cursor on the computer screen and slowly typing. Since 2006 such technologies noninvasive — quite portable encephalograph.
The next level was the artificial control of manipulators. The Institute of Duke to the brain smaller monkeys hooked construction of 128 electrodes. Early primates trained to move the cursor around the screen, and then it is time to control the mechanical arm. Two days monkeys learned to control an artificial hand is almost as effective as his own. Incidentally, the adaptability of the brain was exceptional — a monkey handles perceived not as a substitute one of his own limbs, and in addition to, and successfully managed all three.
In 2005, in the brain paralyzed patient was first implanted 96-pin implant that allows you to make a simple movement of the robot arm to control the cursor on the computer screen, turn on lights, change channels on TV, etc. In 2011, there was a full mechanical limb. In 2009, materialized quite ergonomic wheelchair with the "mind" interface. And in 2011, a fairly simple neural feed, which allows the car to steer the "no hands", was attached to a regular "Volkswagen Passat".
In general, the technique mysleupravlyaemaya become quite familiar in the foreseeable future.
Military program to create androids (eg, American PETMAN) developed in quite the expected direction — from 2013 DARPA will create a robotic avatar that can remotely "represent" the infantryman on the battlefield. The project is planned to invest $ 3 billion — so, it is likely a giant battle humanoid robot will cease to be internet meme, though noticeably "ground" when faced with the harsh reality. Similar developments take place in Japan. Of course, the avatars will find an extensive and non-military applications — from space (like a simplified version of the robot without neural feed already lives on ISS) to tourism.
And eventually develop android direction could change the face of humanity. As we know, the brain actually "die young" when nerve cells are quite efficient. The same sclerosis — a problem of vessels, not neurons. Subject to an appropriate life-support systems of nerve cells, the brain can live twice as long. Thus, the creation of a mobile robot with a neural feed to control the brain-podselentsa can significantly prolong the "life" of a person. According to optimistic forecasts, with appropriate support, this project can be implemented in the next five years. In other words, the development of robotics and neural feed may lead to the fact that a huge portion of the world's population will be … cyborgs.
However, the mental control — this is only one aspect of the "telepathic revolution." Technology of reading information from the brain, as such, also developed unexpectedly quickly.
In March 2009 the first of the human brain has been read its spatial position.
In September 2010, the experiments were carried out on reading "mental language" — then a recognizable vocabulary was reduced to a dozen words. However, in November 2011, the technology first appeared suitable to read any words from the brain. More precisely, it is about the sound at all, audible or imagined. Unfortunately, the method is invasive. While in 2008, it became clear that it is possible to determine not only what one hears or silently say at the moment, but that he had heard and said once. Just like fingerprints, "neural patterns" acoustic signals recorded in the spirit of a phonograph record. In this case, can not be changed — either vote against the individual, or with respect to sound combinations expressed.
In December 2008, using a non-invasive method, the Japanese experimenters were able to extract from the brain of the subject's simple black-and-white image of a hundred large pixels. In September 2009, it is learned from a static color image — or rather, found a photo of what the six millionth "bank" saw the subject. In 2011, already saw the "cinema" — a dynamic image that arose while watching videos randomly selected. At that moment, when this amount of technology will be brought to mind, "content" of the brain can not be any watch on the screen.
Another aspect — the creation of the original communication technologies. Developed by the U.S. military, "Helm thought» (Thought helmet) should allow the men to hear the words mental comrades — for in some situations, "better to chew than talk."
Finally, monitoring brain activity can provide with sufficient accuracy to predict human behavior. While experiments look quite anecdotal — with scanner can determine whether the subject would keep his promise to use or not to use sunscreen during the week. But the subject of curiosity with the same success can be much more serious.
Thus gradually emerging technologies to not only "look" into the brain, but also to "work" with its "content" — by deleting "unnecessary" memories to "manipulate morality." "Morality is a set of processes that can be selectively, one by one, to" turn off "- as we turned off the" assessment of intentions "and only an estimate of the left" — says U.S. scholar Leyen Young.
Develops and "tools." Invasive techniques are unsafe, transcranial magnetic stimulation (effects on brain magnetic field) "unsighted" and has a limited range. However, in 2005, Soni patented method of stimulation of the brain needed ultrasound, which is five times greater accuracy and allow to penetrate into the subcortical region of the brain that is very deep. As a result, the U.S. military are going to get built into the helmet ultrasound device that would strengthen intelligence soldier, reduced stress levels increased, decreased sensitivity to pain, would provide instant relaxation and "mobilization". Naturally, this technology will not remain the exclusive property of "defense."
What impact will this have on our reality?
"It will be a society in which man and machine are inseparable, and will be difficult to see where one ends and another begins, — Mrs. biologist and science fiction writer Julia Zonis. — And it will be a society with different ethics. Now the social contract is built around blagoumolchany and inevitable hiding information. In the future, the boundaries of personal space will run a fundamentally different way — there will be something similar to what happened with the advent of the Internet, but on a much larger scale. The problem of information security becomes a matter of life and death — the race "defensive" and "offensive" technology will be many times more powerful and costly than the current war with viruses. The society may become an area of much greater freedom — everyone can make a conscious choice to experience the emotion, and, in fact, who to be. But of course, it could be a society of total control — based on the new technology, we can build a civilization, in comparison with which Mao's China is an island of liberalism. "
Category: Scientists, experts, science