About 50 bison were killed by poachers in recent years in the Bryansk, Orel, and Kaluga regions, where several reserves scientists supported environmental organizations in 1996 are reviving a population of rare wild cattle, told RIA Novosti committee chairman for the Study of the Russian Academy of Sciences bison Taras Sipko.
"The next record in 2011 was carried out, the result of his showed that Orel-Bryansk-Kaluzhsko population grows, its population reached 217 individuals and is now third in the world in the number of bison. And the analysis of accounting data gave the result that there is not enough 50 bison … According to unofficial data collected by us, in the markets in Karachi Bryansk region and the regional center of Kaluga Hvastovichi have repeatedly appeared on sale Zubrin meat "- said the scientist.
As scientists estimate that Europe's largest animals are shot, at least two organized crime groups of poachers.
"I recall that bison in the world, only 4000, and we have already destroyed more than 1% of the world population of this animal. A bison is listed in the Red Data Book of Russia, and the International Red Book. And Russia also has its international obligations to preserve the Red animals, "- said Sipko, who is also a senior fellow of the Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences named Severtsov.
Saving the wild bull
A herd of bison in the reserve "Bryansk Forest" and other protected areas in Bryansk, Kaluga and Orel was created in 1996-2009 years the efforts of protected areas, regional authorities and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia. By 2009, experts managed to create in central Russia, a relatively stable population of the oldest bull. During these years in Oryol, Kaluga and Bryansk regions were created seven groups of animals a total of more than 200 individuals. However, its state and dynamics are the subject of attention of scientists.
Extermination of bison began in ancient times, and by the end of the 18th century they were preserved only in Russia. Saving these animals in Russia taking unprecedented measures for the time, in the development and implementation of which participate even members of the royal family.
However, World War I and the Civil War led to the complete destruction volnozhivuschih bison in Russia. Conducted in 1926, the first international census of the remaining revealed that only 52 managed to keep the bison that were in various zoos. Then began the painstaking work of rescue and recovery of the population of the animal.
However, the work was interrupted by World War II, after which the number of bison dropped to less than a hundred heads. After the war, the reconstruction of bison continued, it was also established international cooperation between professionals, manufactures, and exchange of animals.
Half of the currently living on Earth about 4 thousand bison found in zoos and menageries, these animals are scattered around the world in small groups of 1-3 heads. To create the correct animal genetics reviving the Polish Bialowieza annually published international stud book of the European bison.