Experts of the natural park "Volcanoes" is accounted Kamchatka black-capped marmots, which are an indicator species, testifying about the ecological state of the environment, told RIA Novosti the natural park.
"The results of the first observations of a trend towards a slight decrease in the number of colonies of marmots in the Mount Camel. Two years ago at one time was the highest in six animals, but this year with the visual observation was seen only three adult specimens," — said the source.
He noted that black-capped marmot colony near Mount Camel is not the only one. Last year we had found the settlement of marmots in the south-eastern slopes of the Koryak volcano. "A lot of posts that large populations of black-capped marmots are located in Gill sculptures in Kliuchevskoi Natural Park, and this year we will spend them original observations in this area", — said the representative of the park.
The plans for this year are also traditional censuses of population status in the Mount Dome in Nalychevo natural park and observing colony of marmots in the cordon "Mutnovsky" in South Kamchatka Nature Park.
"In itself, monitor black-capped marmot — some fun, although difficult. Unlike same Beringian gophers, more famous residents and visitors of the peninsula as a squirrel, black-capped marmots treat people with suspicion, and close to him are not allowed. Though most often this behavior is shown in the territories where the marmots are hunted. therefore observations are made from a distance with the use of powerful optical instruments. Rarely, such as in the cordon "Mutnovsky" or on the slopes of the Koryak volcano, marmots, "observers" can allow to approach to a person on close enough "- said the source.
He added that the observations of the animals in the wild requires skills — perseverance, the ability to freeze for a long time in a fixed position, the ability to distinguish between animals of the surrounding landscape. "But the effort pays off, and the observation of the behavior of these important and deceptively clumsy-looking animals can better understand the importance of preserving this species for the biodiversity of Kamchatka," — said the representative of the natural park.