Statement by the Russian Professor Leonid Ksanfomality recently literally shook the scientific world. Life on Venus is hot — it could only assume fiction, but not scientists. However, the fact remains that the professor saw the photographs taken descent module "Venera-13" in 1982, living creatures!
Scorpions run on Venus!
Recently, Professor Leonid Ksanfomality of the Russian Space Research Institute created a heated debate among the scientists of the world to its sensational statement that the Soviet lander "Venera-13" in 1982, filmed live objects on the surface of Venus. Ksanfomality used new methods of processing images from Venus, and found that they have objects that appeared and disappeared on camera interplanetary station, which made a series of consecutive shots.
This allowed him to suggest that they are an alien life form. "Do not discuss current ideas about the impossibility of life in Venus, made a bold assumption that morphological still suggest that part of the found object has the properties of living beings," — wrote the scientist in his article. Only three objects — the mysterious shape-shifting "disk", "black flap" and "Scorpion." Especially controversial called "scorpion", which has a complex shape and is similar to terrestrial arthropods. He appears in the camera view in the 90th minute of the shooting, and then disappears, leaving a groove in the Venusian soil.
Scientists from NASA does not believe in the possibility of life on Venus, where the surface temperature is 464 degrees Celsius. According to them, these objects — just cover the camera lens or other fragments of capsule, or a consequence of failures in television reception station. Thus, according to the American scientist Jonathan Hill of the University of Arizona, mysterious objects were the result of transmission errors.
Professor Ksanfomality said U.S. experts flimsy arguments and claims that the equipment on the "Venus-13" will work properly. In addition, there are dozens of similar pictures that a scientist is going to publish in the near future. In an interview, Leonid said that he raised the possibility of life on Venus back in those years, when our machines landed on this planet, but did not find support and decided to pick it up again in better times. According Ksanfomality, due to the vast information coming from studies of exoplanets moderate mass, he had agreed to recall some peculiarities, noted by them in images taken from the surface of Venus.
In science, too, should have courage
When some American scientists are attacking Russian professor and consider it a mistake to enter into, others at the same time declare that found on Venus, several signs of the presence of life on this planet. According to scientists at the University of Texas El Paso in acidic clouds enshrouding Venus Venusian life may be hiding.
According to scientists, at an altitude of 50 km in the atmosphere temperature drops to 70 degrees, and the pressure is almost the same as on Earth. The publication of the journal New Scientist states that the data show the content in the clouds of the planet a lot of water. Dirk Schulze-Makuch, who led the research, concluded: "From the point of view of astrobiology, Venus is not hopeless."
This conclusion is based on a number of scientific data from interplanetary research stations. For example, in the atmosphere of Venus, due to lightning and solar radiation should be a significant amount of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, but there is very little about something, as if he spent on something. In addition, it was possible to detect gaseous carbonyl sulphide, and this compound is one of the signs of the presence of living organisms. There is one more interesting fact — the presence in the atmosphere of hydrogen sulfide and sulfur dioxide. These gases, which come together in a reaction can be in the atmosphere at the same time only if the continuous supply from some source. This source, by the Schulz-Makuch, maybe some vital functions of microorganisms.
So, the Americans have already said about the possibility of life on Venus, but so far no concrete evidence they have — some assumptions. We can only welcome the courage of Professor Leonid Ksanfomality who was not afraid of criticism and published an article about the possibility of life on Venus in the scientific journal "Astronomical Journal."
A colleague of Professor stated that the place of similar materials in any popular magazine, not a serious scientific journal. I will allow myself to disagree. We know from history that many discoveries and inventions we have practically stolen just because the time that our scientists have not issued patents, have published the results of their research. Therefore, the popular magazine — it is not the publication in which the need to publish the report on this discovery.
Recall that for all our failures to Mars, Venus, our scientists clearly favored, it can be assumed that up to now in the study of this planet we hold the lead. Would be a shame if in the coming years to Venus down any American station, zasnimet there something alive, scientists in the U.S. and then publicly said he is open to "Morning star" life. We will only mumble that we also saw something, something expected, but did not dare say so. Thanks to the courage of Professor Ksanfomality now this will not happen!
Life — universal phenomenon
If an alien landed on our planet, see the blonde with huge blue eyes, it would not mean that all women in the world are blonde with blue eyes. Why, knowing only of carbon-based life, we believe that in the universe is common only a form of life? There are still some scientists who dare to speak of any exclusivity of life on Earth, that we should take care of this "her island", because in the space of life is no more. Keep-it should, but does not dwell on its exclusivity.
We are not alone in the universe! Life is distributed in it much more than we think. To speak of a lifeless space when open dozens of exoplanets, is just silly. And given that life can not only be based on carbon, and, for example, silicon-based, most of all, it is a universal phenomenon. Should consider the high adaptability of life on Earth is already known organisms that live at temperatures 150 degrees or a pressure of 100 atmospheres. Of course, compared with Venus is almost a "resort" conditions, but before we could hardly suppose that in some boiling water can be life …
By the way, recently American scientists have discovered in Lake Mono Lake, located in the crater of the volcano (California, USA), the bacteria that can not only survive, but also to develop a toxic medium enriched with arsenic, and these microorganisms are able to replace the phosphorus in its cell components Toxic arsenic … and still safely reproduce. So life is truly capable of these "exploits", and its real capabilities, we can only guess.
Molten Earth twin
Venus is often called Earth's twin sister and she is the second planet from the Sun and the sixth largest in our solar system. Between our planet and Venus is actually a lot of similarities. Venus is a member of the terrestrial planets, its diameter is about 0.95 Earth's diameter, and weight — 0.8 times the Earth's. In addition to similar size and mass, Venus and Earth are similar medium density and chemical composition.
In recent years, scientists have started talking about what used to Venus might be blooming planet, quite suitable for life. Experts of the European Space Agency (ESA) found that Venus had oceans of salt water flowing deep rivers, but what looked like our tropical climate. These impressive data were obtained with the orbiting probe Venus Express, which has a lot of time exploring our cosmic neighbor.
Water in the Venusian ocean was so much that it would cover the entire planet in a layer thickness of 100 meters. It turns out that on this planet there were favorable conditions for the emergence of life. The most daring explorers did not rule out that Venus once might have been reasonable inhabitants, but that's the fate of the Venusian civilization was tragic. As a result of a global cataclysm blooming planet into a living hell, oceans evaporated and three mainland remained lonely "stand up" in the middle of a dried-up ocean bottom. In fact, some researchers say that if global warming of the planet will continue at the pace we can expect the fate of Earth Venus …
There is also the shells!
What happened to life on Venus, if she's there? The sudden change in temperature and other conditions, without a doubt, the vast majority of living organisms died. If the greenhouse effect has been gradual, it is possible that some organisms still have managed to adapt and survive. May shed light on the Venusian catastrophe be Russian project "Venera-D." The mission, which is planned for the years 2016-2018 will be devoted to the comprehensive study of the planet.
Now let's go back to the previous successful missions. "Venera-9", made a soft landing in the Venusian the hollow on the mountain side, gave a very interesting pictures. On them to the horizon visible stones of various shapes and contrasting in size. Researchers noticed located in the left part of the panorama strange stones, similar to the sink. They reminded Uzhovka shells or cowries.
Of course, as shells were never apprehended, and decided that it just rocks of similar shape, nobody even had no idea that, in such terrible conditions there may be something alive. Professor L. Ksanfomality in the book "The Planets, open again" called the education: "Stones-like shells, apparently with a layered structure."
Professor A. Zubov, known pathologist as soon as he saw the panorama image, first drew attention to these "shell" and suggested that the same type of education are arranged elliptical living organisms. However, if this assumption only shrug, take it no one could.
Mysterious objects in the panorama of four: two in the foreground with an open slot in the direction of the device, the third poluskryt a large stone, the fourth as revealed and demonstrated the "language" with a ball on the end. If these sinks are some organisms, it can be said that life on Venus differs enviable variety ("Scorpions", sinks, etc.).
By the way, there is a hypothesis that the first living organisms in our solar system was born on Venus, at one time, the planet was in a much more favorable for life than Earth and Mars. Perhaps when the researchers can create devices that can withstand long time hellish conditions on the surface of Venus, we will be able to watch live television Venusian life "zoo."
Category: Scientists, experts, science