The history of the creation of the Chinese Super-7 fighter who has received the designation in the upcoming FC-1 (Fighter China 1 — Chinese fighter first) or "Xiaolong» (Xiaolong translated into Russian so angry or spiteful dragon), began in 1986. To modernize obsolete fighter J -7 (analogue Russian MiG-21), the Government of the People's Republic of China allocates $ 550 million. After that, China company CAIC (Chengdu Aircraft Industry Company) enters into a contract with the American company «Grumman», where it is planned to develop a joint project of Super-7 fighter based on the Russian MiG-29. But by the 1990 US-China affairs are cool enough, and this leads to the fact that the joint work on the project of the new fighter stopped. But Chinese experts at continuing the development of the aircraft on their own. During this period the title is changed to project Fighter China 1 (FC-1). After the failure of professional American company «Grumman» participate in the forthcoming work on the project, to the works of Russian engineers were involved.
According to some reports, a Chinese jet fighter design contains a huge amount of Russian developments, namely DB, AI Mikoyan, which were created as part of the Russian project to build light tactical fighter MiG-33. In general, it is not surprisingly, while the Russian defense industry has experienced a languid days and Russian aircraft engineers have used every opportunity to sell their development and foreign companies. In 1998 (officially in 1999) to work on a project to develop the FC-1 fighter cut one in Pakistan, pay half of all costs associated with the project, then project receives the designation JF-17 (Joint Fighter — Cooperative fighter). The fact that China and Pakistan have collaborated extensively in the production of missiles, it caused fear in U.S. military circles. In the early 90's, according to America's cash on Pakistan sanctions, the latter could no longer take the F-16 fighters, while experiencing an acute shortage of combat aircraft such class.
Already in August 2003 conducted the first flight of the new fighter, 3 September, he was successfully submitted to the people. By 2006, 6 aircraft built "Xiaolong" fighter of the two numbers built were sent to Pakistan to undergo further flight testing. It should be noted that the engines RD-93 (a modernized version of the RD-33 engine, mounted on a Russian MiG-29) for the FC-1 fighter aircraft were purchased in Russia, according to the signed with JSC "Klimov" and MMP. VV Chernyshev contract. But in the subsequent plans for Chinese aircraft manufacturers — equip fighter WS-13 engine of its own production, with a highest tractive performance, but a more languid than Russian RD-93.
The new "Xiaolong" is a functional, lightweight supersonic fighter, filled a turbojet engine with a thrust of 8300 kgf. Aircraft wings have a triangular shape with the developed excrescences. On-board electronics, including two massive computer with a Motorola 88000 microprocessor, allows the pilot to use fighter in a battle with the greatest efficiency. As a radar in the Chinese aircraft used radar Italian FIAR Grifo-S7, which established the creation of the Pakistani companies. First, work on the project on fighter planned to install a Russian radar made by SPC "Fazatron", which has the designation "Superkomar." But the station was rejected by the Chinese aircraft manufacturers because of the short-range detection. It is clear that the first-built FC-1 was installed Israeli Elta EL/M-2032, and the fighters passed the Pakistan Air Force, according to some reports, the Chinese have established a station Nanjing KLJ-7. In addition, fighter equip optoelectronic optical system with infrared channel (Chinese name — Optoelectronic radar "light rainbow-1"), target detection range which is 75 km away.
In the cockpit there are three functional LCD monitor, which displays all the necessary information. The main language of the British, but the on-screen messages may be in Chinese. Also in the on-board electronics system includes warning of missile warning system for detecting enemy radar stations, information exchange systems with stationary Fri guidance and other aircraft. Fighter armament consists of double-barreled 23-mm Type-23-2 automatic gun (Chinese Russian analog of GS-23), 4 guided missiles "air-to-air", a guided missile of "air land" and four bombs. Most combat load achieves 3.7 tons. The highest speed of 1900 km per hour, range with navesnoymi fuel tanks (two tanks of 800 liters.) Is about 3000 km.