Stories about the fictional planet Nibiru (Nibiru) and the prophecies of the Day of Judgment, scheduled for December 2012, spread on the Internet. Currently, there are a lot of books listed on the website Amazon, which discuss the Judgment Day 2012. As long as this information is distributed mythical, offered a lot of terrible scenarios. Below is a list of the logical sequence of the "Twenty Questions" that are most often asked, and which received a fairly detailed answers …
David Morrison (David Morrison),
NAI — NASA Astrobiology Institute (NASA Astrobiology Institute), Senior Researcher
1. What is the source of the prophecy that the world will end in December 2012?
It all started with claims that Nibiru (Nibiru), the alleged planet discovered by the Sumerians (the inhabitants of the ancient civilization Sumer), is sent to Earth.
Zecharia Sitchin Zecharia Sitchin, who writes fiction fiction about the ancient civilization of Sumer in Mesopotamia, declared in several books (for example, in the book "The Twelfth Planet", published in 1976) that he has found and translated Sumerian documents that describe the planet Nibiru moving in its orbit around the Sun with a period of 3600 years.
These Sumerian legends include stories of "ancient astronauts" visiting Earth since the civilization of aliens called the Anunnaki (Anunnaki). Then Nancy Lieder Nancy Lieder, a self-proclaimed psychic (medium), which stated that it receives messages from aliens, wrote on her website (Dzetatok) Zetatalk, that the inhabitants of the fantastic planet orbiting the star Zeta Reticuli warned her that the Earth in danger from Planet X or Nibiru.
The original date of accident was listed as May 2003, but when that day nothing happened, the date of the Day of Judgment was postponed to December 2012. Only recently have these two mythic stories were associated with the end of the ancient Mayan chronology Mayan, which falls on the winter solstice in 2012 — hence the predicted doomsday date of December 21, 2012.
2. The Sumerians were the first great civilization, which made many accurate astronomical predictions, including the existence of the planets Uranus (Uranus), Neptune (Neptune) and Pluto (Pluto). So why should we not believe their predictions about Nibiru?
Nibiru-is the name of the Babylonian astrology sometimes associated with the god Marduk (Marduk). Nibiru appears as a minor figure in the poem about the creation of Babylon Enuma Elish (Enuma Elish), as recorded in the library of Ashurbanipal (Assurbanipal), king of Assyria (668-627 BC).
Sumer civilization was at the peak much earlier, from about the 23rd century to the 17th century BC. Allegations that Nibiru — Planet and was known Sumerians, refuted by scientists who (unlike Zecharia Sitchin) study and translate the written records of ancient Mesopotamia.
Sumer was indeed a great civilization in which to develop agriculture, water management system, urban life, and in particular writing. However, they left very little written evidence, on astronomy. They certainly do not know about the existence of Uranus, Neptune and Pluto. They also had no idea that the planets revolve around the sun, the first thought of it was made in ancient Greece two millennia after the end of Sumer civilization.
Allegations that the Sumerians had a well-developed (complicated) astronomy, or at least a god named Nibiru — no more than a figment of the imagination Sitchin.
3. How can you disprove the existence of Nibiru (Nibiru), if it was opened in 1983 and this message appeared in leading newspapers? At the time (you) it was called Planet X (Planet X), and later it was referred to as Xena or Eris (Xena or Eris).
NASA infrared satellite IRAS (NASA Infrared Astronomy Satellite), who led the study of the sky for 10 months in 1983, discovered many infrared sources, but none of them was Nibiru or Planet X, as well as any other items from outside the solar systems.
Here's an interesting discussion of Saltech (California Institute of Technology — Caltech). Briefly, IRAS cataloged 350.000 infrared sources, and initially many of these sources have been identified (which, of course, was the reason for these studies).
After all of these studies have been conducted additional studies with more powerful instruments both on the ground and in space. The rumor of the "tenth planet" spread in 1984 after the appearance of a scientific article, which was published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters (Astrophysical Journal Letters) titled "Unidentified point sources in the mini-survey IRAS", which discussed several infrared sources that have not were "twins (partners)."
However, as it was later found that these "mystery objects" were distant galaxies (except one object, which was a piece of "infrared curls"), as published in 1987. No source detected by IRAS, as it turned out, was never a planet.
So, bottom line:
Nibiru — just a myth, in fact, the existence of which are unsubstantiated. According to astronomer, persistent claims about a planet that is "nearby" but "invisible" are absolute nonsense.
4. Perhaps we need to ask about Planet X or Eris, not Nibiru. Why kept secret information about the orbit of Eris?
"Planet X" is an oxymoron (internally contradictory statement or phenomenon), when applied to the real object. The term used by astronomers in the last century, when it came to possible or perceived object. Once an object is detected, it is given a real name, such as was the case with Pluto and Eris, each of them for a while called Planet X. If it turned out that the new object does not really exist, or is not a planet, then you more about him have not. If the object is real, it is not called Planet X (Planet X).
Eris (Eris) is one of several dwarf planets, not so long ago, astronomers found outside our solar system, they all move in the normal (unperturbed) orbits that will never bring them to Earth. Like Pluto, Eris is smaller than our moon. He is very far from us, and its orbit never comes closer than about 4 billion miles. No secrets regarding Eris and its orbit, as you can easily check to see if an Internet search through Google search or look on Wikipedia (Wikipedia).
5. Do you refute the fact that we have built a telescope at the South Pole to watch Nibiru? What else you need to build a telescope at the South Pole?
Yes, at the South Pole have a telescope, but it was built not by NASA, and he used to study Nibiru. Construction of the telescope at the South Pole was funded by the National Science Foundation (National Science Foundation), is a radio telescope, which is not an optical instrument. He can not get images and take pictures. You can see information about it in Wikipedia. Antarctica — a great place for Astronomical Research in the infrared and short-wave radio, in addition, it has the advantage that objects can be observed continuously without the inconvenience created by cyclic process day and night.
I must add that it is impossible to geometry in which an object can be seen only from the South Pole. Even if the object was directly over the southern part of the Earth, it could be seen from anywhere in the southern hemisphere.
6. The Internet has lots of photos and videos about Nibiru. Is this not proof that Nibiru exists?
The vast majority of the photos available on the Internet and video have one feature: they represent areas near the Sun (obviously a supporting statement that the last few years Nibiru hiding behind the sun). In fact, these are false images of the Sun caused by internal reflections, which are often called "lens flare".
Wikipedia (Wikipedia) and a precise description of a beautiful shot of the star, made by the Hubble Space Telescope (Hubble). Another reader, a high school student, was first struck by placed a red clot, which, as stated, is the planet Nibiru (Nibiru). Then, demonstrating the application of the program Photoshop (Photoshop), he showed how you can get the exact same image, starting from scratch.
On the video uploaded to YouTube in the summer of 2008, shows a man, who, while in his kitchen, says that one of the objects detected by telescopes operating in the X-ray range, NASA, — the planet Nibiru. And what are his reasons? That since it pseudocolor image obtained in X-rays and presented NASA is blue, then, in fact, it must be located near the planet on which there is the sea (ocean). Of course, it could be considered funny if these videos are not used to intimidate people.
7. Can you explain why the darkened area (5h 53m 27s, -6 10 '58 ") on Google Sky and Microsoft Telescope?
People assume darkening these areas due to the fact that these coordinates indicate the location of the Nibiru now.
Several people have asked me about this blank rectangle in Orion in the Google Sky, where exposed images taken on the project "Sloan Digital Sky Survey" (Sloan Digital Survey). Specified rectangle can not be a "hiding place" for Nibiru, since this part of the sky could clearly visible from almost every corner of the world in winter 2007-2008, when they started to talk a lot about Nibiru. That would contradict the claims that Nibiru is hiding behind the Sun or that it can only be seen from the southern hemisphere.
But I am also interested in this blank rectangle, so I asked about it from a friend who works for Google senior researcher. He replied that he "has found out that the reason for the presence of missing data due to errors in the data in the program image registration, which we use to display images Sloan survey. Group has assured me that the next time you view everything will be fine!"
8. If the government knew about Nibiru, would not they would keep it a secret to avoid panic? Is not the task of the government keeping quiet to the public?
Governments face many challenges, but not one of them keeping the peace among the people. My experience is that often, the parties represented in the government, that they are just the opposite, for example, when constantly mention the threat of terrorism or to warn of the possibility of car accidents during the long holiday vacation, which are no more dangerous than any other time.
Cheating all the bad things (failures) on political opponents — a long tradition (the older generation of readers will remember "lag in rocket technology" during the election period in 1960, and the youngest to score a lot of modern references of those who provide or not provide protection from the U.S. terrorist). Moreover, sociologists have noted that much of our understanding of the general panic associated with Hollywood, but in reality, there are many indications that in times of danger people help each other.
I also think that everyone is aware of the fact that silence is usually bad news goes sideways, leading to even more serious consequences when the facts will eventually become known. And in the case of Nibiru, these facts clearly, there would be very soon.
Even if the government and would, it could not keep the secret about Nibiru. If the planet was a reality, it would be able to keep track of thousands of astronomers, both amateurs and professionals. These astronomers are found in all corners of our planet. I know the community of astronomers, these scientists would not keep such information confidential, even if they were ordered. You just can not hide a planet that is sent to us, in the solar system!
9. Why does the Mayan calendar says the world will end in 2012? I heard they were pretty accurate in the past with respect to other predictions related to the planets. How can you be sure that you know more than they knew?
Calendars exist in order to follow the course (the course) of the time, not for predicting the future. Ancient Mayan astronomers were clever, and they came up with a very complex calendar. Ancient calendars are interesting to historians, but they can not meet the modern features that we have to keep track of the time, as do not have the accuracy that has a modern calendar, we now enjoy. However, the fact is that calendars, whether contemporary or ancient, can not predict the future of our planet or warn of what will happen in a given day, for example, in 2012.
I note that my desk calendar ends much sooner, on December 31, 2009, but I do not see this as a prediction of Armageddon. This is just the beginning of the new year.
10. What is the theory of displacement of the poles? Is it true that the crust makes a 180 degree turn around the core in a matter of days if not hours? Does this affect what is happening in our solar system dipping below the galactic equator?
Changing the direction of rotation of Earth is impossible. This has never happened and will never happen. There is a slow movement of the continents (for example Antarctica was near the equator hundreds of millions of years ago), but it has no relation to an application for a change of the poles of rotation.
However, many websites that distribute information on disasters and catastrophes, making a lot of effort in order to mislead the people by using the technique "to lure and deceive." They argue that there is a correlation between the rotation and the magnetic polarity of Earth, which change occurs randomly, and such a change of the magnetic poles are, on average, every 400.000 years.
To our knowledge, such a change of the magnetic poles is absolutely harmless to life on Earth. In any case, it is unlikely to change in the magnetic poles occurred in the next few millennia. However, false websites falsely claim that the change of the magnetic poles will soon (in 2012), and that this is equivalent to changing the poles of rotation or initiate a change.
So to summarize:
a) The direction of rotation is not related to the magnetic polarity.
b) There is no reason to expect a change of the magnetic polarity, at least in the near future, or anticipate any adverse impact on life in the event that it is ultimately going to happen.
c) The sharp change of the poles of rotation with disastrous consequences is impossible. Also, none of these factors has nothing to do with the galactic equator or any other nonsense regarding alignment in a row, which appears on many websites, spreading conspiracy theory.
11. When most of the planets line up in a row in 2012, and the Earth will be in the center of the Milky Way, what the consequences of such a parade of planets expected to earth? Could this lead to a shift of the poles, and, if so, what can we expect?
In 2012, as in any other time in the next few decades, the parade of planets will not be. As for the fact that the Earth is at the center of the Milky Way galaxy, I do not know what that phrase means. If you're talking about the Milky Way Galaxy, we are quite far away, on the outskirts of the spiral galaxy, at a distance of about 30.000 light years from the center. We rotate around the galactic center with a period of 225-250 million years, at about the same distance away.
Relative shift of the poles, I also do not understand what that means. If it means a sudden change in the position of the pole (that is, the rotation axis of the Earth), then this is impossible, as noted in the answer to Question 10. What has been discussed on many websites, is to build in a row (parade) of the Earth and the Sun and the center of the Milky Way in the constellation of Sagittarius (Sagittarius). This happens every year in December-month, with no adverse effects, and there is no reason to expect that 2012 will be any different from other years.
12. When the Sun and Earth line up in one line on the galactic plane with a black hole at the center, whether it can lead to some serious consequences, because the black hole has such strong gravity?
At the center of our Milky Way galaxy is a giant black hole, and like any cluster mass, strength of its gravitational effect on the rest of the galaxy. However, the galactic center is very far away, at a distance of about 30.000 light years away, so the influence of the black hole at the solar system or the Earth is negligible.
There are no special forces acting in the galactic plane or the galactic center. The only important forces that have an impact on the earth is the gravitational force of the Sun and the Moon. As for the influence of the galactic plane, there is nothing special about the position of the Earth in the plane. The last time the Earth was in the galactic plane a few million years ago. Statements that we will soon cross the galactic plane, false.
13. I fear that the Earth will enter the Dark Rift (Dark Rift) in the Milky Way. Where will this lead? He will swallow the Earth?
"Dark Rift" — is known (popular) name of vast clouds of cosmic dust scattered inside the sleeves of the Milky Way Galaxy, which cover us an overview of the galactic center. The fear of a complete "galactic parade" — is a complete frenzy. In late December, the sun is always at approximately the center of the galaxy, as seen from Earth, so what of it?
Apparently, scammers who are trying to intimidate you decided to use these meaningless expressions such as "alignment", "dark rift" and "photon belt" because they are not clear to the public. This is very bad, but, unfortunately, there is no law against false information on the Internet or elsewhere, except in the court building.
With regard to safety of the Earth, now represent a significant threat to global warming and the depletion of the gene pool, and perhaps one day, a collision with an asteroid or comet, not pseudoscientific claims about the end of the world in 2012.
14. I heard that the Earth's magnetic field changes polarity in 2012, when there will be, as predicted, the strongest in the history of solar storms. Whether we die with it? And will it be destroyed our civilization?
As we approach the period of maximum solar activity (which occur about every 11 years), there is a lot more solar flares and massive coronary emissions than during periods of minimum solar activity. Flashes and mass emissions are not dangerous to humans or other species of life on Earth. They could endanger astronauts living in deep space or on the moon, and this is something with which NASA must learn somehow to struggle, but it is not yours and not my problem.
Powerful flares can disrupt radio system, cause the appearance of colorful aurora (northern and southern auroras), disable the electronics of satellites in space. Today many satellites are designed in such a way as to deal with this problem, for example, by disabling some of the most sensitive circuits, and the transition to a "safe" mode for a few hours. In extreme cases solar activity can also disrupt power lines on the ground, which can lead to a complete shutdown of the electricity of entire regions, but this is rare.
The last period of maximum solar activity took place in 2001, so the next period is predicted by about 2012, after 11 years. True, the last period of minimum solar activity was unusual, it was only a couple of years, during which almost no sunspots and other indications of solar activity, so scientists now suggest that the next period of maximum solar activity is delayed, possibly until 2013. However, the details of the solar cycle, mostly remain unpredictable.
You are correct in that the magnetic field of the Earth protects us, forming a large area in space, called the Earth's magnetosphere, within which most of the matter of solar emission is captured or deflected from the main course, but there is no reason to expect a change of the magnetic polarity in the near future. Such changes in the polarity of the magnetic field occur, on average, no more frequently than once every 400.000 years.
15. I was struck by a message on the website of Fox News that in 2012, "A powerful solar storm could leave the U.S. without electricity for months." They refer to a report from the National Academy of Sciences that was commissioned and paid for by them. If nothing happens as a result of the events predicted in 2012, why are permitted to print such nonsense?
NASA fairly report on heliophysics National Research Council. This report includes an analysis of the worst case scenario of what could happen today if there was a repetition of the most powerful solar storm that has ever been recorded (in 1859). The problem is, in what way can be supplied such information without context. There is no reason to expect the same powerful solar storm in the near future, at least, not specifically in 2012.
Your reference to "the event in 2012" illustrates this problem. No forecast "events in 2012." We do not even know if the next period of maximum solar activity in that year. The whole scenario of disasters in 2012 — lies, fed announcements of a science fiction film phenomenon "2012," which was filmed in Hollywood. I can only hope that most people are able to distinguish Hollywood film plots from reality.
16. All my friends tell me that we all die in 2012 as a result of a meteor impact on Earth. Is this true?
Your friends are wrong. Earth has always been struck by comets and asteroids, although big beats were rare. The last big clash occurred 65 million years ago, and it has led to the extinction of the dinosaurs. Today NASA astronomers are conducting a study called "Monitoring the security space," which will detect large asteroids in near-Earth space long before they collide with Earth.
We have already established that no nearby asteroids that pose a threat to so large as that asteroid that killed the dinosaurs. All this work is done openly, and, all laid out on the opening day of the program office website near-Earth object (NEO — Near Earth Object program) NASA (neo.jpl.nasa.gov), so you can see for yourself that there are no predictions about collisions of space objects with the Earth in 2012.
17. If the planet Nibiru — a lie, why not go refutation? How can you allow such stories spread and frighten people? Why the U.S. government is doing nothing about it?
If you go to the home page of NASA, nasa.gov, you will see a lot of messages that expose lies about Nibiru 2012. Try keyword search "Nibiru" or "2012." This is nothing more that can be done by NASA. These false stories have nothing to do with NASA and are not based on NASA data, so we as an agency are not directly involved in the lie.
But scientists, like those who are employed by NASA and other organizations, to recognize that the lie of trying to intimidate people is a distraction from more important scientific problems, such as global warming and depletion of the gene pool. We live in a country where freedom of speech is flourishing (freedom of press), and it also implies freedom lies. You should be happy that there is no censorship. But if you just use common sense, I'm sure you can recognize the false information. As soon as we approach 2012, the lies will become more apparent.
18. Can you prove to me that the existence of Nibiru — lie? Many messages that in 2012, something terrible will happen!
It is not logical to ask to prove that Judgment Day 2012 — it's a lie. Your questions should be directed to the defenders of the theory of the end of the world, that they have proved that they say the truth, not NASA should prove that they are hypocrites.
If someone announced on the Internet that Cleveland purple elephant walks tall in 50-feet, would anyone expect that NASA will prove that it is not true? The burden of proof rests with those who make the "wild" statements. Remember the often quoted statement of Carl Sagan (Carl Sagan), that extraordinary claims require extraordinary levels of evidence if they want to believe them.
However, I think that astronomers have reached the point where we can offer a very strong case for the claim that Nibiru does not exist. A large planet (or brown dwarf) in our solar system would have been well known to astronomers for many years, both indirectly — by perturbing gravitational influence on other objects and by direct detection in the infrared part of the spectrum.
NASA satellite used for astronomical research in the infrared part of the spectrum (IRAS), held the first-round visibility in 1983, and several subsequent surveys would certainly find Nibiru, if it was there. Moreover, if a large solid object passes through the inner solar system every 3600 years, we would have seen its devastating effects on the orbits of the inner planets, and we do not see.
You do not have to believe me on the floor. Just use common sense. You have seen Nibiru? In 2008, many websites claim that it can be seen with the naked eye in the spring of 2009. If a large planet or a brown dwarf, reached the inner solar system in 2012, it would already be tracked by hundreds of thousands of astronomers, professional and amateur) around the world. Do you know of amateur astronomers who watch over her? Have you seen the pictures of Nibiru and its discussion in the big popular astronomy magazines like Sky and Telescope (Sky and Telescope)? Just think about it. No one could hide Nibiru if it existed.
19. What is your opinion about the frightening announcements (advertisements) of the new movie "2012"? They offer a look at these websites to see if there is a real threat of Judgment Day.
Pseudoscientific claims about Nibiru and Doomsday in 2012, and distrust of the government increases the advertising of a new film production Kelambiya Pictures (Columbia Pictures) under the name "2012", scheduled for release in rent in November 2009. Promotional video of the film hits theaters and on their website, shows a tidal wave that swept over the Himalayas, and the accompanying picture of the words: "As the government on this planet will prepare 6 billion people by the end of the world? [Long pause] They would not. [Long pause] Find out the truth. Google Search in 2012. "
Advertising film includes the creation of pseudo-website "of the Institute of succession rights", entirely fictional. In accordance with the information contained on the site, the Institute of succession rights (IHC) is intended for research and preparedness for disasters of mankind. The Institute's mission — survival of humanity.
On the website explains that the Institute was founded in 1978 by international leaders of government agencies, business and academia. States that in 2004, scientists at the Institute (IHC) confirmed with 94% certainty, that in 2012 the world will be destroyed. This web site offers people to register for the lottery, to qualify, which of them will be saved, a colleague wrote the name of her cat, and he was accepted to participate. I learned on Wikipedia (Wikipedia), the creation of this kind of fake sites — a new method of advertising, which is called "Viral Marketing", by analogy with computer viruses.
20. Is it possible that the influx of questions that you have entered is part of the campaign for the creation of a certain book or film, with the expectation that the number of negatives would be considered as much "evidence" of the existence of the conspiracy?
The same questions I ask myself every day, as the volume of mail I receive about Nibiru (along with various alignments and pole shifts) is increasing — now more than 20 letters a week. Clearly, this is money that is earned on the fears of the approaching Judgment Day. Part of this hype is undoubtedly advertising campaign science fiction disaster film "2012" (see Question 19).
Many websites are selling books and taped recordings of Nibiru or even "survival kits." It is very sad that at a time when there are so many outstanding real issues (such as global warming and financial collapse) people believe false statements. In the final chapter of his new book on astronomy ("The Hunt for Planet X") Govert Schilling (Govert Shilling) writes: "Much remains to be done debunkers — the archaeologists and astronomers who are skeptical about the nonsense with the tidal wave of Nibiru and explain with scientific precision, what is wrong with this false tale of space. They will have to work hard over the next several years. A December 22, 2012 will be a new story is implausible, "overlooking the square one," and the whole circus will start from the beginning. because no matter how much new celestial bodies were found in our solar system, there will always be a need for a mysterious Planet X. "
David Morrison (David Morrison),
NAI — NASA Astrobiology Institute (NASA Astrobiology Institute), Senior Researcher
Translator: Dorokhova Elena (Translation Bureau "Gulfstream")
The rights to the article, as well as photographic and other materials belong to it NASA
Category: Scientists, experts, science