During the summit held last Thursday, Sept. 27, meeting with students of technical colleges Roskosmos head Vladimir Popovkin said that the Russian gallakticheskoy industry faces a systemic crisis. In this case, if not taken critical steps that will be focused on turning the current situation in the industry, then in 3-4 years Our home can absolutely lose competitiveness at a global level, said Popovkin. Talking about the future of Russian lunar utilities that Popovkin said that sending a man to the moon at the current level of technology does not make sense. In our days are easier and cheaper to study Earth's natural satellite with the help of automatic operated vehicles.
On the decline in Russian gallakticheskoy industry in recent months, said and written quite a lot, and the discussions are, this problem at the highest level. First, it is justified next resounding failure with gallakticheskimi starts. The last of them was in August 2012 when a rocket "Proton-M" was not able to bring to the transfer orbit 2 gallakticheskih satellite communication Telkom-3 and "Express-MD2." In December 2011, ended in failure another run — orbiting satellite "Meridian" a dual purpose. But in November 2011, its goal has failed in the most expensive gallaktichesky project of the Russian Federation in recent years — gallakticheskaya interplanetary station "Phobos-Grunt".
On their own dissatisfaction with the state of affairs, which is made up gallakticheskoy in the industry, not once said Dmitry Medvedev. In addition, the head of the Russian government has proposed the introduction of property accountability gallakticheskogo manufacturers of equipment for the delivery of bad products. Called for the reorganization of the research of near-earth space and Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin. In his view, businesses should Roskosmos not duplicate their functions. Rogozin proposed to put in front of Roskosmos a number of specific objectives by focusing all available resources to their implementation. In his view, a more ambitious task, which is now on the forces of, could be the construction of a lunar base.
In general, judging by the latest statements of the head of Roscosmos, until in the least harsh Russian astronautics programs now — both to the same moon walk. Instead of implementing such large-scale projects, it should do its restructuring and optimization. Vladimir Popovkin says about the need to reduce the severe departmental personnel companies also transfer some of the production chain to the balance of the personal capital. Popovkin suggests giving the "lower floors" gallakticheskogo production chains of production, which are associated with the creation of devices, personal structures. "Unfortunately, we now have the industry's no such thing as a contractor. We only have the artists. There is a necessary raw materials, and then do everything themselves. But now we need to improve the structure. And we will do it. It is necessary to carry out selective privatization "- quoted by RIA Novosti, Vladimir Popovkin announcements.
The implication is that private companies should receive orders on a competitive basis at the ready different parts and assemblies gallakticheskogo equipment. Then as now there is such a situation that the Federal Space Agency at the launch site has been completely over. This transport service, and food, and airfields. At the same time, Popovkin said that Roscosmos should only deal with 2 things — the start-up of launch vehicles and preparing gallakticheskih devices. All other operations should be outsourced, to entrust their personal business, because it is more excellent. At the same time he Roscosmos, as a federal agency, according to Popovkin, will go in the service sector from the creation of the final product. According to him, no one needs just a snapshot of the cosmos, you need to understand what exactly is in this picture and how to use it — it works for small businesses. The government needs to focus on the 2-things — to maintain the constellation and manage it.
The head of Roscosmos in Russia proposes to implement a scheme that works well in all major gallakticheskih countries. In the United States engaged in personal development gallakticheskimi research and production company, and left the state for only a function of setting goals and objectives, the exploitation gallakticheskoy research groups and the military mission.
But it is here that the good intentions of Vladimir Popovkin faced with a purely Russian obstacles to overcome that will be very hard. "Gallaktichesky"The state order will become tasty morsels for thousands of different companies — possible suppliers of the required services and devices. Taking into account the current practice in our country the selection of suppliers and competitions, that will be able to get the Federal Space Agency on the way out is anyone's guess. Very great is the risk of a repetition of the situation that is currently happening in the airline industry, where aircraft participates in the development of very large number of small and large private companies, including foreign manufacturers.
With all of this in the last few years, the 10-s in the Russian industry came catastrophic decline in the production of culture. The lack of new and loss of available technologies have led to a large gap between gallakticheskimi complex in Russia and developed gallakticheskih powers. In order to realize this, you can remember how hard and long gone establishment of Russian ISS modules.
Although our country is still in the holder comes gallakticheskih leading powers, the position of the Russian Federation is now very loosely. The modern world is completely satisfied with its role of supplier of old, cheap, but all of this is very reliable "Unions" to deliver crews to the International gallakticheskuyu station. But with the emergence of the United States or European countries new ships (which is not far off) enthusiasm for the Russian "old men" will be reduced and the position of our country in the region where it is as before remains competitive — market gallakticheskih launches — will be lost. With all of this to catch up with their o
wn direct rivals in the field of technology gallakticheskih Our homeland is not capable of. This means that through the same 3-4 years after the rivals will be the ships of the last generation, the status of Russia as a majestic gallakticheskoy powers will be at risk.
Chronicle failures Roscosmos for the last 1.5 years
The fall of satellites "Glonass-M" in the ocean
December 5, 2010 because of an overabundance of fuel in the Block DM-3 is not able to put into orbit three satellites "Glonass-M" which fell into the waters of the Pacific Ocean. The damage from this tragedy was 2.5 billion dollars. rubles.
Unable to launch a spy satellite "Geo-IK-2"
February 1, 2011 Russian satellite-Military spy mission "Geo-IK-2", which was launched into space launch vehicle "Roar", was placed in an unplanned orbit, which does not allow to use the device for its intended purpose. The satellite's orbit unset associated with errors in the upper stage "Breeze-KM". Damage to the Defense Ministry was not compensated, with all this amount of harm from this poor start of the unknown. The satellite was not insured because it was hidden development.
Absenteeism communication satellite "Express-AM4"
August 18, 2011 telecommunications satellite "Express-AM4" which was sent into space carrier rocket "Proton-M", was also an unplanned orbit. The reason for this is that in the functional sequence of the upper stage was unfairly "narrowed" the time interval tuck gyro-stabilized platform, which eventually became a prerequisite orientation errors when maneuvering. Satellite appeared to work, but to bring the unit into orbit failed. Price satellite was estimated at 7.5 billion dollars. rubles, the amount of insurance has been paid "Ingosstrakh".
This inconsistency cargo spacecraft "Progress M-12M" to the ISS
August 23, 2012 the cargo ship "Progress M-12M" is not able to fly to international gallakticheskoy Station (ISS). "Truck" was to deliver food to the station and equipment. In total gallaktichesky apparatus had to abandon the ISS 2.6 tons of cargo necessary. Gallaktichesky ship fell in Russia in the Altai, the premise of his tragedy (for the first 30 years of operation) was a contingency operation propulsion third stage rocket "Soyuz-U". Due to clogged fuel supply path flow of fuel to the engine has been stopped, which led to its emergency shutdown. The executable machine was not insured, the amount of damage was 3.2 billion dollars. rubles.
The failure of the mission with the launch of the interplanetary station "Phobos-Grunt"
More sonorous and unfortunate failure of the "Russian Space Agency." November 9, 2011 ended in failure to launch satellite of Mars interplanetary station "Phobos-Grunt", which was delivered to Earth samples of rocks with Phobos. After separation of the interplanetary station from the carrier rocket "Zenit" on the unit not cut the engines, which were to bring the station to a higher orbit to support the launch towards Mars. All samples to establish communication with the device failed. The damage from the bad start was estimated at $ 5 billion. rubles.
The fall of the communications satellite "Meridian-5"
December 23, 2011 Russian communications satellite, the latest generation of "Meridian-5" almost immediately after launch from the Plesetsk cosmodrome fell to Earth. Telecommunications satellite, which had a dual purpose (could be used for military and civilian purposes) and supplied to high-elliptical orbit with an upgraded carrier rocket "Soyuz-2.1b" and the upper stage "Fregat". The premise of accidents carrier rocket "Soyuz-2.1b" have become a problem in the engine upper stage "Fregat". The damage from this tragedy was estimated at $ 2 billion. rubles.
Absenteeism orbit satellites "Telkom-3" and "Express-MD2"
The most recent tragedy of the Russian astronautics. August 7, 2012 rocket "Proton-M" was not able to bring into orbit communication satellites, "Telkom-3" and "Express-MD2." A prerequisite for inclusion dubbed untimely engine booster "Briz-M". The damage from this tragedy is estimated at 5-6 billion. rubles.
Sources disk imaging: