Euro-Islam — a concept to which is increasingly oriented Muslims of the North Caucasus who wish to receive religious education abroad. The premise of this are clear. In 1-x, the situation in the Arab world, where people from the Caucasus earlier preferred to learn by becoming the least measured. In-2, those who vorachivaetsya the Caucasus after studying in the Arab world, at home immediately become replenisher various "lists", the "dissidents", etc. These are things that you can not refute because of their evidence. Therefore youth prefers education in Islamic centers outside the Arab world, including in Europe.
And in this way turns out to be necessary to Kosovo, where at the moment noticeably quickened Islamic processes. Clearly the number of students of the North Caucasian republics, attending spiritual centers in Kosovo and other parts of Europe, yet to find unrealistic, since there is no account of traveling to get Islamic education. But such work is carried out by us and soon enough we'll get the first statistical benchmarks based on data from Diaspora organizations as a means of interaction with the public and religious associations and, of course, by themselves enrolled students.
I note that from going to Islamic centers of learning in Europe vorachivayutsya home far not all. Let me give just one example. Dagestani Fizuli after a secular university in Dagestan went to Albania and receiving Islamic education there, he moved to Frankfurt am Main (Germany), which successfully realize their own potential for the Turkish community in the middle of town. Obviously, the return and does not reflect. And many similar examples.
In Kosovo, the training is going there on a variety of fronts of Islam, both in the framework of Salafism and Sufism, and even within Shi'ism. Thus, a group of North Caucasian students enrolled at the Islamic Center in the Kosovo town of Pudzheva are regular followers of Islam and the teachings of the local Sufi Shaykh Muhammad Khoja. This recognized preacher on the first post-Yugoslav space began to work towards the growth of the middle of the inhabitants of Kosovo influence of Sufi tarikats (directions) and shazaliya Kadiriya, which are also very popular in the north-eastern Caucasus.
And in another Kosovo town of Prizren, which known as "the city of minarets" because of the huge number of mosques, has several educational institutions Salafi persuasion, in which the students are also represented among the youth of the North Caucasus. Salafism position here became entrenched in the main after the start of large-scale clashes with Kosovo Albanians by Serbian forces. I note that specifically after the Albanian refugees from Kosovo went to Albania, Macedonia and Montenegro, these countries have established and to date are sufficiently massive Salafi community.
The enthusiasm of Muslim Youth of North Caucasus, especially in Dagestan, to Kosovo can be explained and certain similarities between those 2 regions. We in Dagestan after the events of the war in 1999 began the harsh processes to the rise of religious identity and religious identity of the local population. To Kosovo 1999, in which Serbia was forced to withdraw its troops, also marked the beginning of major religious change. As of Dagestan, Kosovo — one of the poorest regions in Europe, more than half of its population living below the poverty line. Despite the fact that the region is rich in mineral resources, the main branch of the economy, as well as in Dagestan, is agriculture. Just as we have here, there are very highest unemployment rate.
Obviously, there are the Balkans and tangible impact in the Arab world, grow and constructive religious eyes, especially among young people in those areas where very revitalized Wahhabi brotherhoods. These brotherhoods have an impact on the situation in Sandzak Muslim communities (south-western Serbia), Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. They preach the ideas of the Balkan Islamic Revolution which aims at developing a platform for large-scale coming deep into Europe, where uniformly increases the impact of the Muslims.
His concern about the departure of Russian youth in zabugornye Islamic educational centers have repeatedly expressed Russian bureaucrats. Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation has recently announced that in 2011 only from Dagestan in zabugornye religious centers to train 100 people had left, and in the past decade their numbers exceeded 1.5 thousand. Here it is necessary to make adjustments to that question just about set, recorded facts, but in reality the number is even higher. There is no legislation governing these processes, now young people can go as a tourist destination in any country and stay there. On the other hand, in Russia do not have the education sector, which Now need a Muslim youth, that, in fact, pushing it to the exit.