The data acquired by leading sociological centers in the country, the attitude of our people to serve in the army have some differences. Some of them they say about a certain deterioration of the situation, while others, on the contrary, a substantial increase in positive sentiment. All sociologists agree on one thing — the Russians, with the knowledge perceive the need for universal conscription, and the widespread hazing in the army uniform decreases.
The military began to respect
Studies show that the Russian army in the main enjoys respect our citizens. According to polls disk imaging (All-Russian Research Center public opinion) the number of people with respect to the relevant military and army, markedly increased. So, if in 2008 with respect of the Russian Armed Forces responded 29%, while in 2010 their number have gained 35%. According to recent polls trust in Russian military is experiencing 10% of the Russians, and another 5% admire people who chose a profession.
Bad to the army is 27%. Specifically, 12% of them disappointed by our army, 8% relate to it with a grain of salt, 4% staring at her skeptically, 3% just condemn her actions. "Positive attitude towards the army is more typical for older people: specifically in this group are those who talk about the pride and reverence," — commented special polls Stepan Lvov (control of socio-political research). Distrust, in most cases occur in young people.
The data acquired by the "Public Opinion", also point to the fact that the style of Russian army is improving. In 2007, it responded positively about only 18% of respondents, while in 2010 this figure rose to 27%. Go with this, the number of Russians who badly disposed towards the army dropped sharply from 41% in 2007 to 30% in 2010. Another interesting fact is that, according to the fund "Public opinion" arises the concern of people, what happens to the armed forces. So, in 2007, improvements in the Russian army noted 31% of respondents, while in 2010 this figure dropped to 25%. With all of this on the deteriorating situation in the armed forces at the moment they say 16% of people, while in 2007 the figure was 11%.
RF get any outside
53% of people polled "by the Levada Center," believe that in our country there is a real military threat from other countries. It is significant that since 2000, the rate has never fallen below 37%. A sense of the danger of war in our people is increasing during exacerbations different global confrontations, in which directly or even just symbolically dragged our homeland. They turned out to be not so much. In 2000, it was about the war in Yugoslavia and Chechnya, in 2003, the war in Iraq, in 2004 there was an accident in Beslan, in 2008, there were acts of war in the Caucasus. Besides the extraordinary role played by U.S. plans to deploy parts of the missile defense system in Europe and NATO's eastward expansion.
The fact that our army be able to repel an aggressor according to "Levada-Center" does not fluctuate 59% of respondents. Immediately 28% believe that in case of invasion from the Russian military will have no chance of winning. A high level of confidence in the armed forces was observed in 2008-2009, then in their combat effectiveness 73% of Russians believe (do not believe only 17%). But already in 2010, the level of confidence on the wane. There is a rule — the smaller the threat, the greater the estimated military capability — provided explanations in the center.
Leads polls about some other data. So, in 2008, the fighting capacity of the army believed 83% of respondents. In 2010, a similar question was not asked, but Stepan Lvov implies that all remained at the same level or even increased, after all, a positive attitude with respect to war grows.
Serve not happy
Against the background of the Russians in the belief that army will be able to cope with the aggressors, symbolically enough reluctance inhabitants of the country to perform military service. According to the "Levada-Center", 41% of respondents are willing to seek every opportunity to not go to serve. With all of this 46% agree, that their relatives were the slightly Russia. 13% could not answer the simple question — go to serve or not.
"If we consider the long-term perspective, the eyes of the respondents about the military service a little change — it is directly related to the different resonance events, whether it's the story of an ordinary Sychev or reduction of the period of compulsory military service. At the moment, the media is pouring a lot of criticism in the address of the Ministry of Defence and Minister Anatoly Serdyukov personally, "- said sociologist Oleg Saveliev. Level of discontent against the minister and his ministry in the near future has increased slightly. We think that this is due to the end of the economic crisis, prepyadstviya when one of those "where to make it" and "what to eat" relegated to the second plan. At first the plan out different imperial threads. People are starting to think things over state significance, including the armed forces.
54% of respondents do not want to, that their loved ones were military, positively reacted to this question, only 36% of respondents. Perceptions of the need in Russia conscription equally. 47% expect the transition to a contract army base and the same stands for the preservation of the draft. It is surprising the number of calling for a contract army only decreases with age: for example, in 2002 the figure was 64%, and at the moment is typed only 47%.
The main problem of the modern Russian army people as before the case is considered bullying and hazing. According to the All this says 33% of respondents.
Over the past 10 years, top the circumstances of evasion of military service has changed significantly. First place in the tradition of hazing is, but if in 2010 it feared 29%, but in 1998 they were 40%. With all this humiliation on the part of military commanders and officers already in the decade-long hold on the same level — 15-20%. Another prerequisite for severe failure to serve the respondents that the possibility of injuries and wounds during armed conflicts (af
raid to shed their blood 23% of people).
Among the causes of the risk of military service Russians also produce languid living conditions of service — 14%, moral decay — 10%, the highest criminalization — 7%. Moreover, the years spent in the army, 5% of Russians believe quite lost. With all of this on the irresponsible policy of the government in respect of military personnel have read much less now only 10%, in 1998 this figure was equal 35%.
Other tasks of the armed forces are seen not as important to people: defensive worries 9% of respondents, lack of discipline — 7%, the problem of training new and naughty household unhappy criteria 6 and 5%, respectively. In fact you can even read about the improvement in almost all areas, in 2006, negative growth in almost all been associated with the case Sychev said Stepan Lvov. After this version features went up, certainly played a role and the statements of the officers themselves that they live is even better, well, nasty story begins podzabyvat.
Again the same results in a few other numbers, "Levada-Center". In their disk imaging the number of those who believe that bullying exists in most military units, is declining rapidly. In 2011, this they say 39% of respondents, whereas in 2005 they were 50%. The fact that bullying is everywhere, believe 13%, and that in most parts of it is not at all — 27%. On the idea of the existence of bullying likely impacted shorten the life of a 2-year and 1-year, according to experts at "Levada-Center".