Colonel E.A.Nikolsky — was a huge military school. Cadet, Junior officer Imperial Army. Then, in the years 1905-1908. ran the "special clerical" in Voennostatisticheskom Department Head of Staff and was responsible for working with the military agents. Drafted the creation in Russia … intelligence. Brain Intelligence Agency. Specifically, in his patterns and this is our special service will be created not only by the Royal Government and the Bolsheviks.
I will say outright — Nikolsky's book so fascinating that we still vorachivatsya to it. Because of his impending fate I'm not going to talk about.
So, a word to Colonel Nicholas (Quotes from the book E.A.Nikolsky. Memoirs of the past. Russian way, Moscow, 2007)
It is interesting to recall the material side of life in general
Military units of the end of XIX century the century. Arrows for some reason including the right of way to say "young guard", but differed from the usual infantry only that soldiers and officers received nekordinalno more salary, compared with the infantry. Thus, the fighter received more 3 or 4 cents per quarter of the year, officer to rank higher on getting more 1 ruble and 25 cents per month. All officers to receive content were composed of the following parts: salary, dining rooms and apartment. In addition was given a small sum for lighting and heating. The lieutenant received a salary — 26 rubles 25 kopecks, dining rooms — 15 rubles, apartment — 112 rubles per year and about 20 rubles for heating and lighting. Salaries and canteens were issued monthly, and apartment facilities, heating and lighting — every three months. Just a month — about 53 rubles.
Need to see that they were of mandatory expenses: monthly deductions from the content carried on the officers' club, a library, a "borrowing" in obmundirovalnuyu gang, the unit regimental prazdnichka for the New Year, Easter break fast in the day, a variety of evening meetings and superiors and inspect the regiment persons. So Makar, a junior officer of each month at getting your hands on the most accurate life 30-35 rubles, of which had to pay for an apartment and a collection of the table more than 25-28 rubles. What still remains for other necessary expenses, such as, for example, a laundress, buying new clothes?
The shooter got a dime means 54 times in three months. Food available to him to let go of the shelf price 1/2D pound of meat with bones and fat, which is supposed to 6 spools ** a day and, in addition, the price of a certain number of green — all on the calculation of reference prices for local products. Generally, the entire holiday food fighter does not exceed 7.9 cents per day. Commissariat not let go in offset rye flour and buckwheat and millet flour on the calculation of 2.5 and 32 valve buckwheat or barley cereal per person per day. That's all, that gave the government a fighter, do not leave it no tea, no sugar, no coffee, no butter, nothing at all more.
Getting up in the morning, fighter drink, if had the means, my tea with a little piece of their own State-owned sugar with black bread, which he lets go of convenience 3 pounds per person. If fighter funds had not, he drank water from a hot bread in winter, when there was a need to warm up even slightly, rising from a cool bed. But not all parts of the troops fighter get my 3 pounds of bread on hand and could not eat it, when he wanted to. In military units, in what commanders comply with special savings, applied the so-called "allowances from the tray." With this method, all the men let go of the bread is on the 3 pounds each in hand, and the meal but cut bread to pieces. The soldiers were taken out from the crowd as much as desired. Occasionally who of them under such a system was able to eat my 3 pound, the bread was eaten and not come out a big saving of flour, for which the regiment returned the commissariat funds flowing into the regimental slush fund. But the fighter had no bread for the morning.
Normally in army units, located in the province, even in purpose-built barracks did not have separate rooms for dining. The barracks were built and much less hired from private persons may be the smallest volume, and the economy was pursued in a hired board as heating and lighting. Oobyknovenno did not even have space to practice verbal learning sciences and fighter literacy statutes. Classes were held right where they slept, the men with all this were sitting in groups on their own beds. Barracks consisted of the 1st large room in which the men spent all of his time training and recreation, and 2-private rooms, of which one was placed in the storeroom company commander, and another sergeant and company stationery. From time to time there were small rooms for Working Capital workshops.
At twelve o'clock, day or had lunch. The soldiers were going in all directions to the kitchen with pots and got soup or soup with barley and herbs, a portion of cooked meat, which consisted of small pieces, threaded on a stick, and porridge and bacon. Lunch was not different. Soups — borscht, cabbage or potato, cereals — barley or buckwheat. That's all a soldier's lunch menu. In the post, Christmas and Lofty meat was given, lets go for a soup for every 'A pound of dried or salted. Mediocre roach or perch. For dinner, 6:00 fighters received the remains, if so, from soup lunch, and porridge. That's all that fed our army.
Guard had a greater exchange holiday *, and part of the troops stationed in Selishchi, had the land on which the gardens planted, and so the funds allocated to the greens, improved food.
The men slept either on the same plank, or if the regiment had sufficient economic amounts on separate beds. Holidays from treasury on the bed was not, as well as the pillows, blankets and clothes for bed — it's fighters had if they could, their own. Shelves if economic amounts were sufficient, the plant covers.
Slush fund created priemuschestvenno of savings balances of food, lets specifically commissaries ** savings on lighting and heating barracks. Mediocre after a busy, ie at 5 day or in areas twilight reigned, because a limited number of the most burning lamps. It was the same in the cooler months — furnaces were heated, not all but one by one, and yet the release of funds for heating was carried out for the calculation of all furnaces and all the days are cool.
Wash their own laundry fighters produced in the bath while washing. Visited a bath once every two weeks, and yet the funds on military units and people washing their clothes separately obtained by calculating the number of fighter and every week.
Only after the first revolution, the government realized it, and the chief of the St. Petersburg Military District majestic Duke Nicholas gave the order in which it was promised at the time not a long time to increment the contents of both officers and soldiers and make their life better. Indeed, it was soon added besides the content of the officers: Junior — 25 rubles per month, a senior — a correspondingly. The fighters were appointed subsequent salary: ordinary — 50 cents per month, and non-commissioned officer — a few more. Gen fighter been significantly improved: the tea set and bed allowance, leave was increased funds for food.
Yes, and these measures were not sufficient, because the currency and contentment of our army, and food, and general maintenance significantly lagged behind the cost of allowances armies of foreign countries.
My comment: Often ask the same question: why did the Anglo-Saxons did manage undercover operation? Where watched the Russian intelligence and counter-intelligence?
Nicholas provides the answer to these questions.
Just remember — the project of the creation of the Head Intelligence Agency (still only a draft!) … It was written in 1907!
Earlier, the intelligence in Russia was not simple.
The question I wanted to ask you sir. So do not answer already.
The results of such a catastrophic blindness we all know.