Whether for our sun, on the opposite side of the orbit, there is another planet, which does not differ in mass and size of our Earth?
What planet is this: part of a harmonious dual system, which can be "dubbed" Earth — Antizemlya? A better alternative world and our Earth, with respect to Gloria, "draft" — the idea that inspired the writers — fiction, for example, by Sergei Lukyanenko?
The idea of finding a twin of our planet — unknown to us until Gloria — comes from the priests of ancient Egypt. According to their view, the people were endowed at birth not only to the soul, but also a kind of astral counterpart, which then in the Christian religion turned into a guardian angel.
Over time, the idea was indirectly reflected in the teachings of the ancient Greek Philolaus, who placed in the center of the universe is not the Earth, as his predecessors had done, and a central fire — Hestnu, on which all the other celestial bodies, including the sun, which has executed like a mirror, reflecting the rays of a central fire, spreading them through the universe.
Moreover, the idea of Philolaus, just as everything in nature is used to form pairs, and in the sky there should be such education. And it was not limited to the fact that his partner in the world called the moon, but also suggested that somewhere in the diametrically opposite point of the orbit, constantly hiding from the eyes of our heavenly fire, spinning, some Antizemlya.
Since then, so much water under the bridge … and heavenly fire "burned," and in its place has shifted our sun is shining, but the idea of the existence of Earth's twin, no, no, yes, and there will be again. How it justified?
First, let's lay out all the arguments "for" that indirectly point to the existence of such a twin …
First, there he is in fact, we really could not find it, because the "stare" in the direction of the Sun — the problem is very simple. Many astronomers injured his eyesight and even blind, trying to watch our star. And the area, which he covers the sky, enough to place there is quite decent planet …
The second consideration is based on the fact that in the past researchers for a long time could not precalculation of the position of Venus in the sky — whimsical "morning star" did not want to follow the traditional laws of celestial mechanics. As some experts believe, is possible only if the motion Venus gravity acts of another, not accounted for in the calculation of the celestial body. Someone points out that in this way from time to time, "naughty" and Mars …
Third and finally, there are some evidence of astronomers of the past. Say, in the XVII century, the existence of consideration Gloria shared first director of the Paris Observatory, the famous Giovanni Domenico Cassini. (Yes, the one who gave its name to the recently posted in the vicinity of Saturn interplanetary probe).
So in his time were found near Venus a celestial object. Cassini was decided that he had found a satellite of Venus. But its existence to this day is not supported by modern research. What if Cassini was able to see another heavenly body, namely, Gloria? ..
This judgment is supported to some extent in 1740, the English astronomer and optician James Short. And 20 years later, so does the German astronomer Johann observer Tobias Meyer — the man known in the scientific world the seriousness of their judgments. No coincidence that he owned a very accurate lunar tables of determining longitude at sea.
But then the body has disappeared somewhere, and about him for a long time no one remembered. And now a new surge of interest in the mythical Gloria. Than it is due?
Yes, at least the fact that if such a planet actually exists, it can be an ideal base for … UFO. Ships, starting with a double planet, is very convenient then approaching the Earth; because they move from orbit to orbit is not necessary — just a few speed up or, conversely, to slow down at the same orbit … But seriously, some astronomers do not deny possibility of a double planet. "We know that the Earth revolves around for at least one moon — they say. — And we do not notice it only because the moon is made of this … dust and tiny meteorite fragments, which are grouped in the so-called libration point. Because according to the decision of the famous problem of the stability of the heavenly bodies, close the Earth — Moon have to be a certain point-to-trap, where the gravitational field and will chase their prey. "
Similarly, for the system Sun — Earth should also have a point, as for the system Sun — Mars, the Sun — Venus and etc. In general, dust twins planets, in theory, not so rare in our solar system. That's just hope that they live our counterparts, something special is not necessary. In a cloud of dust to live it is not very comfortable …
Gloria or Antizemlya supposedly is in the same orbit as the Earth, but can not be observed, as always hidden from us the sun. Is it even possible to exist in the same orbit of the two bodies? From observations it is clear that it is possible.
The system is similar to Saturn's moons solar system. Every large satellite of Saturn has its own planet in the solar system. Such is the visual model. So in the Saturn system is almost the same orbit corresponding Earthly perfectly get two satellites — Janus and penance. One moves along the outer orbit, and another on the inside. Every four years, they come together and share their orbits. It turns out that the same mechanism is also possible in the Earth — Antizemlya.
There were also sightings. For the first time, back in the XVII century, the famous astronomer GD Cassini observed near Venus crescent-shaped object. He took him by the satellite of Venus. Then in 1740, the object observed Short, in 1759 — Meyer, in 1761 — Montaigne, in 1764 — Rotkier. After that, the object was observed. Perhaps rocking around the libration point, the object from time to time out because of the solar disk and is available for observation.
Just the movement of Venus and Mars, there are some anomalies, which can easily be explained by assuming that the Earth has a twin. The fact that these planets in motion in their orbits that are ahead of the estimated time, then left behind. And in those moments, when Mars is ahead of schedule, Venus behind him, and vice versa.
There are quite a bold hypothesis about the existence of an advanced civilization Gloria, who is our ancestor. Only on fantasies case has not yet gone. The very possibility of Gloria's still a big question.
One of the adherents of the theory of the existence of the planet, Gloria, is a famous Russian astrophysicist, Professor Cyril P. Butusov.
Butusov Cyril P. — physicist, astronomer, Ph.D. in Physics and Mathematics. Working in the St. Petersburg University. Developed the theory of cycles of solar activity (1958). Discovered a number of structural regularities in the structure of the solar system, in 1985, gave a forecast number of undiscovered satellites of Uranus, confirmed later. Found a manifestation of the "golden ratio" in the distribution of the parameters of the Solar System. Series of discoveries and hypotheses can classify it to the luminaries of Russian science.
The most interesting conclusion from the theory Butusova is the hypothesis of the existence of Antizemli. The patterns suggest that the Earth's orbit must be another unknown planet.
More than half a century in astronomy and physics — complete silence. Wherever sunsya everywhere triumph of Bohr, Heisenberg and Einstein. It's time for scientists to fall into melancholy and a bottle of port to lament the fact that the world has long been studied and all open. However, if you have at least half an hour chat with astronomer, candidate of physical and mathematical sciences, and now assistant professor of Physics of the Academy of Civil Aviation Cyril Butusov, you probably believe in miracles again.
There is no prophet in his own country
Meditate on the mysteries of the universe Cyril Butusov began with the first days of the Pulkovo Observatory, which came in 1954, after the distribution of the Polytechnic Institute. After 4 years young scientist boldly opened the door to the headmaster's study and tabled Observatory director Professor Mikhailov sketches — no less — of his own theory of solar activity.
As you study the material face of the master grew darker. These theories perfectly matched with the data. Sun has behaved exactly as predicted inexperienced employee. It was only after seeing the discrepancy curves at 100 years in the past, Mikhailov cheered and pushed his paper. Asked to Butusova prevent it to a computer to facilitate the cumbersome calculations academician only waved his hand: "What are you, my friend, has been booted routine calculations a hundred percent."
In this case was over. In five years, American scientists published in the scientific journal the exact same job, and the priority was lost.
The first bitter experience has taught the young officer. He realized that the company which is the end of fighting for his ideas and not pay attention to the skepticism of colleagues.
Next Butusov began to find out cause of the discrepancy of his theory, and. with experimental data and find new patterns in the solar system. In the end, an astronomer has developed a "wave cosmogony solar system," which explains the mysteries of birth of the planets, especially their orbits and predicts many completely unbelievable things. In 1987, he defended his work on the thesis.
One of the most interesting findings from the theory Butusova is the hypothesis of the existence of Antizemli. The patterns suggest that the Earth's orbit must be another unknown planet.
For example, in the Saturn system, in orbit corresponding to the Earth to revolve once two satellites — Epimetheus and Janus. Every four years, they approach each other, but do not face, and change places.
But, if the earth has a sister — a twin, then why we do not see any telescope cornfields? Butusov convinced that an unknown planet, which he named Gloria, conceals the sun's disk.
— At the Earth's orbit of the sun directly is the point, which is called libration — explains astronomer. — This is the only place where it can be Gloria. As the planet rotates at the same speed as the Earth, it is almost always hidden behind Solntsem.Prichem can not even see it from the moon. To fix it, you need to fly to 15 times more.
But there is one interesting point. Libration point is very unstable. Even a small impact can move in the direction of the planet. Maybe that's why Gloria sometimes becomes visible.
So, in 1666 and 1672 respectively the director of the Paris Observatory Cassini observed near Venus crescent body and assumed that it was her companion (we now know that there were no satellites Venus not). In the years that have seen something similar many other astronomers (Short, Montel, Lagrange). Then a mysterious object had disappeared.
The existence of indirect evidence of Gloria and older sources. For example, a wall drawing in the tomb of the pharaoh Ramses VI. He wore a golden figure of a man, apparently symbolizes Solntse.Po either side of him the same planet. They dashed orbit passes through the third chakra. But the third planet from the sun — it's the Earth!
If Gloria exists, then it is likely there is life, and perhaps even an advanced civilization. After all, the planet is in the same conditions as the Earth. Many cases of UFO sightings, especially during the nuclear tests could be explained. After all, any disasters on our planet are for Gloria answered by a serious danger. If a nuclear explosion shifted the Earth, the two planets come together sooner or later, and there will be a terrible accident.
Next, perhaps, even more important for mankind Butusova conclusion of the theory states that the sun — a double star, the same as many other stars in our galaxy. This second star in the solar system called Butusov Raja Sun, since the first mention of it was found in the Tibetan legends. Lama called it "metallic planet", thus emphasizing its huge mass with a relatively small size. It appears in our area once every 36,000 years. And each visit ends with a great shock to the Earth. It was 36,000 years ago, the planet disappeared Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon man appeared. Presumably, the same land acquired satellite (moon), intercepted Mars. Before that, according to legend, the moon in the sky was not.
Butusov suggests that Raja Sun in its development ahead of our star. Following the natural processes of the evolution of stars, it has passed the red giant phase and exploded, becoming a "brown dwarf". Lost a lot of weight, Raja Sun passed the planets that revolve around it, the current Sun. Moving at a very elongated orbit, it goes far into space over distances 1100astronomicheskih units and is virtually indistinguishable for modern observers. But the most annoying thing is that the next return of the star-killer is expected soon. 2000 plus or minus 100 years. Rather, Raja Sun passes through the zone of steroids between Mars and Jupiter. Perhaps these cosmic debris are all that remains of a planet after contact with the evil dwarf, which mass is 30 times greater than Jupiter. In any case, the upcoming meeting does not promise anything good for humans.
Pluto — the planet passionaries
Once Lev Gumilev, author of a controversial theory of ethnogenesis and passionarity Butusova asked to think about the reasons passionary aftershocks. The fact is that once in 250 years on the surface of the Earth in a very limited range is a mysterious phenomenon — a kind of genetic mutation, which resulted in people living in the area, get some quality. They become active, they have a super-ability, they can easily sacrifice their lives for the ideals. When such people-passionaries becomes a lot — there is a new ethnic group. Gumilev himself believed that this phenomenon is caused by some cosmic radiation.
— When I began to think about the possible mechanisms of drive, it immediately came to the conclusion that the only body that can cause a similar effect, is Pluto — says Kirill Butusov. — Its orbital period around the Sun raven248 years. Being on the boundary of the magnetosphere of the Sun, it can help break the galactic cosmic particles in the solar system. No wonder in astrology Pluto is a planet, responsible for the collective efforts of great reforms.
All is good, but one important detail is not explained. By Gumilev zone passionary shocks were in the form of very narrow bands, similar to the band on the moon's shadow at times of solar eclipses. Since cosmic radiation could act so selectively, Butusov proposed the hypothesis of "relative of drive." For example, in the time of the solar eclipse on the Earth befalls the powerful flow of particles from the solar flare. Throughout the world there is a mutation that resulted in people becoming more lazy and inert. In their background who was in the area of the lunar shadow, we will seem excessively active — that is PASSIONARITY!
Opponents of the theory of the existence of a twin of our Earth argue his case like this:
In — First, if Gloria had a mass of at least like the moon, its the effect on the orbit of Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars would be so large that the error between the observed and predvycheslennymi positions of planets many times superior to those that exist now .
In — the second, opposite points on the orbit are unstable and in a relatively short time, the planet Gloria would cease to be in it and went to another, though close, orbit, thus would come out from behind the Sun was shining and the sky.
Thirdly, it would still not be in completely opposite point of the orbit due to librations and during solar eclipses have to be to the.
In general, the direct evidence of Gloria's not, but there are indirect. Scientists have long predicted accumulation of substances in the libration points in the orbit of the Earth. One of these points is just the sun.
B. Doppelshvaan, director of the Institute of East European analytical astronomy, academician:
For as long as space probes Earthlings beyond the orbit of our planet, remain rare, nature has preserved for us to amazing discoveries. One was by chance recently made American probe, traveling to study Saturn's rings. In order to study the solar activity for a short time the probe devices were sent to the Sun. And then it was quite a sensational discovery. Opened a new planet in the solar system. How is this possible?
Indeed, the solar system is studied by astronomers for at one thousand years. It would seem that all the planets, even the slabosvetyaschiesya already open. Some are open, even "at the tip of the pen", by considering perturbations introduced by them in the movement of others. So open Uranus, Neptune, Pluto. But the newly discovered planet was much closer to the Sun than these three, and is clearly beyond the scope of the planets closest to us. How could it not notice the ancient astronomers and astronomers of the twentieth century, armed with telescopes and radio telescopes? Finally, where is the place of this planet?
As you know, are all possible orbits the Sun at certain distance. This distance is equal for each orbit N * X + X / 3, where N — number of orbits, and X — space unit equal to about 0.3 Earth's orbit. All these orbits are occupied. At the first of possible orbits is Mercury, the second — Venus, the third — the Earth, the fourth — Mars, the sixth Jupiter — the seventh — Saturn and beyond — Uranus, Neptune, Pluto.
Fifth orbit busy asteroid belt. Two planets in the same orbit as long as no one noticed, and even the possibility of such a phenomenon had not occurred to anyone. Surprise sensational discovery of the probe is that it opened the second planet orbiting the … Earth. Earth was the only planet in the solar system that has such a double. This planet is on the parameters of mass, velocity, etc. is an almost complete twin Earth. In this regard, it is always almost exactly the opposite point of the orbit with respect to the planet. That's why it and could not open any astronomers in antiquity nor in our time. This planet is always hidden sun. Radio emission from the Sun is absorbed fully.
From the point of view of the possibility of a cosmogony of this phenomenon is nothing strange about it. Cosmogony says that all the planets were formed out of the dust cloud is concentrated in the first plane of the ecliptic, then distributed in orbits, and finally, slowly (because of the different particle velocity) for each orbit to collect in a single mass. But after all at such a mechanism could occur two centers "crystallization" — at opposite ends of the orbit. This, of course, extremely rare, but it is likely phenomenon.
Interestingly, the astronomers who are able to compute the perturbations of distant planets orbit the new, all the while ignoring the fact that the planet Earth itself hardly perturbs the movement of others. It was only natural for Ptolemy puts the Earth at the center of the universe, but since the time of Copernicus, which recognized that the focus of all the sun, this approach has not changed. Perturbations introduced by the Earth's motion, just have not been studied, so astronomers do not even occurred to wonder strangeness of these disturbances. Perhaps, think they are above it, and Antizemlya would be open, like other planets, "at the tip of the pen." Anyway, as our probes and space stations are not particularly away from the Earth, "look beyond the Sun" so much to see there a planet could not. Just fly away beyond the orbit of Mars probes had some chance to open, "see" the planet.
In recent years, the number of such probes exceeded ten, the probability to implement — and the opening took place. In photos Probe planet so far that besides its mechanical properties can be said very little.
However, in one of the pictures, where the planet was photographed against the edge of the sun, a golden halo is clearly visible outside the disk. Approximately equal to the thickness of the atmosphere of Earth. Given the similarity of conditions, it is easy to assume that the origin and evolution of life on both planets were roughly on the same path.
In this regard, the Antizemle there may well be a civilization behind us or ahead of us, and maybe going for a totally different way of cultural development. Anyway, the "brothers on reason" may be much closer than it could be expected. Much closer than Mars or Venus? In this case the origin of the UFO takes definite shape. It has long been clear that such a small space objects could not appear on the planet from the "deep sky", because it is neprisposobleny interstellar travel — not to mention the fact that modern science is highly skeptical of the possibility of such travel.
The nearest star is four light years, and only spacecraft will fly for fifty years at the limit of the achievable rate for the material body. On his home planet during this time will be a hundred years, so that the flight itself becomes meaningless. Attempts to find the source of a UFO in the solar system still does not work. All the planets fairly well understood, and traces of intelligent life out there is not revealed. In addition, there is no trace of activity in the radio, which is inevitable for an advanced civilization in communication.
Now it may well be that such intelligent life exists in the vicinity of the Earth, the Sun in a hidden section of its own orbit. Then it is not surprising that even in the early stages of space technologies antizemlyane were able to attend the Earth. If they are, astronomers were able to calculate the Earth's existence beforehand, it would be natural to set a goal of achieving the very beginning of the development of space technology. Maybe they went into space for two or three decades before us, and the first appearance of UFOs on Earth in the 40's was actually the first experience of interplanetary missions. That is why their spaceships crashed on landing — the experience of piloting an alien planet is not enough. Perhaps soon there will come a day when we will be able to visit their planet.
Advanced space technologies already allow humans. However, all this still remains precarious field of speculation and assumptions. Only one fact is indisputable now installed — the planet's twin Earth exist.
Well, in a dispute between supporters and opponents of the hypothesis of the existence of a twin of our Earth — Gloria, as always, dot the "i", time ….
Category: Scientists, experts, science