The Russian Ministry of Defense launched the state armaments program for 2011-2020 (stating that the document was signed by Russian President yet December 31, 2010). Spending a lot are coming — the Defense Ministry will receive the realization of all their ambitions 19 trillion rubles. Plans to purchase — surface ships and submarines, helicopters, planes, anti-aircraft missile systems and new ballistic missile. Two trillion rubles will be spent on research and development work.
Development of the state armaments program for 2011-2020 began in 2010 and took, with varying success. Last fall, the Russian Defense Ministry document submitted to the government, but in the beginning of December, the military-industrial commission, chaired by Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov, considered the draft, sent it back for revision. In the middle of the month, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin demanded that the military establishment speedy revision of the program, she was admitted to the approval of President Dmitry Medvedev before the end of the year. The exact amount of funding the state armaments program for 2011-2020 has not yet been named. In December 2010 it was reported that the program will spend 20.7 trillion rubles. Directly to the Ministry of Defense of Russia will be transferred to 19 trillion rubles. The remaining funds will receive the Interior Ministry, Emergencies Ministry, the Federal Security Service, Foreign Intelligence Service, the Federal Service for Drug Control, the Federal Penitentiary Service and the State Corporation "Rosatom".
Why is the project of the state program was returned to the Ministry of Defence for revision, it remained a mystery. One possible reason could be that the Russian officials found the costs referred to in the document, excessively high. Also, perhaps, certain projects incorporated in the state program, seemed too prolonged. It is only obvious that the Ministry of Defence to deal with the request of Putin failed. For example, January 18, 2011 the newspaper "Vedomosti" reported that Medvedev signed a law allowing the military to finance long-term contracts for temporary scheme taking into account the projected funding levels laid down in the draft state program.
According to the law signed by the president, the Defense Ministry received the funds for the implementation of the plans of the state program of armaments of the money pledged to the state budget for 2011-2013. As reported, the Ministry of Defence did not have time to prepare a government program because failed to reach an agreement with a number of defense companies on the prices of the most expensive types of weapons and military equipment: the ships, submarines, different types of aircraft and missile systems. In mid-January, it was expected that the president will sign a state program for two months.
And February 24, 2011 held a great presentation of the Deputy Minister of Defence of Russia Vladimir Popovkin to reporters. Deputy Minister in charge in the military for weapons, unexpectedly announced that the ministry has started the implementation of the state program of armaments for 2011-2020, signed by Medvedev December 31, 2010. All those present at the meeting heard that the document has already been adopted and is valid for the first time.
To date, the Ministry of Defense of Russia existed within the state armaments program for 2006-2015, which was adopted about five years ago. For its financing planned to spend about five trillion rubles. This government program has failed, as it turned out, due to an incorrect distribution of funding — it was assumed that most of the money the Russian military will receive a second five-year period. Thus, many of the plans have not been implemented. In particular, it was expected that will go into service five brigades operational-tactical missile complexes "Iskander", 116 new combat aircraft, 156 helicopters of various, 18 battalions of air defense missile systems S-400, 24 different classes of surface ships, seven submarines of Project 955 "Northwind" and six non-strategic submarines. According to the newspaper "Kommersant", the reality of the Russian military so far received one brigade "Iskander", 22 combat aircraft, 60 helicopters, four divisions of S-400, two surface ships, a strategic nuclear submarine ("Yury Dolgoruky", adopted not adopted) and any non-strategic submarines.
It is interesting that the core funding of the state program of armaments for 2011-2020 also planned for the second five-year period. However, according to Popovkin, the Defense Ministry took into account the experience of the previous government program and come to a reasonable allocation of funding. Thus, the 2015 Russian defense enterprises will receive 700 billion rubles in order to be able to enter into contracts for the supply of arms and military equipment since 2015. Thanks to its small finance deputy minister explained, the company will be able to take loans from banks to execute future contracts.
In general, the amount of new state armaments program, presumably to be about 20.7 trillion rubles, of which the Ministry of Defence immediately receive 19 trillion rubles. This amount Popovkin announced on February 24, noting that two trillion rubles Defense Ministry intends to be spent on research and development efforts.
It should be noted that the Law on the State Budget of Russia for 2011-2013 was signed by Medvedev December 13, 2010 and "knock out" additional funding under the state program of armaments will now only by making appropriate amendments. Perhaps this is one of the reasons that the bulk of funding military projects will not be in the first five years. The state budget includes funding military projects in 2011 to $ 1.5 trillion rubles and increased spending more than two trillion just since 2013.
In particular, the state program involves the creation of a new liquid intercontinental ballistic missile, which has come to replace the outdated PC-20 (Russian classification — P-36M, NATO classification — SS-18 Satan) and RS-18 (UR-100N UTTH, SS-19 Stiletto). War Department ordered the development of missiles capable of carrying up to ten independently targetable warheads. In mid-December 2010 CEO "Corporations Rosobshchemash" Arthur Usenkov told that the new missile will be able to break through any existing and future missile defense system. As expected, the development of missiles to be completed by the end of 2016. In addition, the state armaments program envisages the development of a new high-precision weapons.
Procurement of new weapons Russian Defense Ministry intends to spend 80 per cent of the amount allocated state program, and ten percent — upgrading its military equipment. According to Popovkin, the focus will be on weapons and military equipment to Russia's development and the procurement of overseas military will be resorted to only if the products of Russian companies will not meet their requirements.
The ultimate goal of the new state armaments program is to increase the share of new technology adopted for service in Russia, to 70-80 percent from the current ten. However, some kinds of troops, such as anti-aircraft missile troops, the Russian Air Force, in technical terms will be updated at one hundred percent. In 2010, voicing the amount of funding the state armaments program, Putin said he was "scared to say even that figure." The main priority for spendi
ng the "terrible" the amount will be the strategic nuclear forces, which will be spent around two trillion rubles.
Prior to 2020, according to Popovkin, plans to build eight strategic nuclear submarines of project 955 "Borey", two of which are ready for the adoption. We are talking about the "Yuri Dolgoruky" and "Alexander Nevsky." According to the Ministry of Defence, the adoption of submarines into service hampered by the lack standard weapons — an intercontinental sea-based ballistic missile "Bulava". It is planned to adopt before the end of 2011, and at the same time the Navy will be included and submarines of Project 955. As expected, this year held four or five test launches "Bulava", on the basis of which a decision is made on the flow of rockets into service.
R &D funding also implies the development of a new strategic bomber (promising aviation complex long-range aircraft, PAK DA), technical project which will be finally formed in 2015. "The development of a new set of long-range aircraft, strategic bombers, we are not forcing" — said Popovkin.
The development of strategic nuclear forces implies the strengthening of ground missile group and upgrading strategic air — long-range bombers Tu-95 and Tu-160. Earlier it was reported that the aircraft, in particular, will get new targeting system. The Russian Defense Ministry also intends to significantly strengthen and expand the system of missile warning. "Before 2018, we have to complete the modernization of the ground-tier system" — told the February 24 Popovkin. However, he added that the state armaments program also provides for the deployment of new space-based systems. These systems will be engaged in the detection of ballistic missile launches.
As part of modernization Russian Air Force, a new state program involves the purchase of 600 new aircraft and thousands of helicopters. In particular, military fighter pilots will receive a T-50 (PAK FA), Su-35s, MiG-35, Sukhoi Su-34 and Su-25SM, and transporters of IL-76 and AN-70. The proportion of purchased aircraft Popovkin did not elaborate, but it was previously reported that in 2013, the Air Force should get ten prototypes of the T-50 and 60 of these aircraft after 2015, and 45 Su-35s by 2015, and possibly the same amount of after 2015-th.
If we talk about the purchase of helicopters, the military will be transferred to new drums Mi-28N and Mi-28nm "Night Hunter" and Ka-52 "Alligator", transport-combat Mi-8AMTSh, transport Mi-8 MTV-5, Mi-26 , ANSAT and others. One hundred and helicopters will be purchased in 2011. Obviously, in the next nine years, the annual purchase of helicopters will be delivered in the same volume. Operational-strategic command of the aerospace defense, operating in the Russian Air Force in the next ten years will receive ten battalions of air defense missile systems S-500, the development of which will be completed in 2013. It is expected that the systems will start mass production in 2014, and the Russian military will take them into service from 2015. In addition, anti-aircraft missile troops will replenish 56 battalions of S-400, four of which have, according to Popovkin, purchased. S-400, according to the plans of the Ministry of Defence, will replace half facing currently on duty with the S-300.
As for the Russian Navy, for him until 2020 to purchase one surface ships and submarines, including 20 non-strategic submarines, eight strategic submarines, 35 corvettes and 15 frigates. On the ships which projects in question, Popovkin did not specify. Apparently, among the corvettes will be purchased by a new type of ship, the competition for the development of which has already been announced by the military department. Details about the project are still unknown. Also, apparently, will purchase at least 30 Project 20380 corvettes, one of which is in the Navy since 2008, and the second will be handed sailors in July 2011.
Among the frigates will be acquired six ships of the project and the nine Project 11356M 22350. The first ship of the last project — "Admiral Sergey Gorshkov" — was launched at the end of October 2010. Earlier it was reported that the Russian Black Sea Fleet will be built large landing ships of the project 11711, submarines of project 636 "Varshavyanka." Also announcing the planned laying of small missile ship corvette project 21631 and 20380, "Agile".
The state program of armaments for 2011-2020 includes funds for the purchase from France finished two amphibious ships, docks vertoletonosnyh class "Mistral" and the construction of two such ships in Russia. It is known that the helicopter will be delivered fully assembled except for the weapons — it will air group and helicopters in Russia.
By 2020, Russia plans to set up their own equipment, "the soldier of the future." One of these developments — "Fighter 21", in which you plan to use elements of the exoskeleton. Equipment will include body armor, helmet communication system and advanced weapons. In order for the new complex was more functional, the Russian Defense Ministry is planning to get acquainted with foreign models. So, the last couple of years negotiating with France on the purchase of a limited batch of equipment FELIN. In August 2009, the Chief of General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces General Nikolai Makarov said: "We want to buy a minimum quantity may be eight sets of all, to compare with our gear." One of the main requirements for the Russian outfit is a low cost. German and American models of equipment "soldier of the future" are worth an average of 50-60 million euros, FELIN — 44,3 thousand euros.
Among other planned overseas purchases, according to Popovkin, will the Italian armored Iveco LMV Lynx. In late 2010, the company Iveco signed a contract to supply ten multipurpose armored vehicles to the test. February 24, 2011 Popovkin said that the agreement on the organization of production Lynx in Russia has been signed. "This is the most secure car in the world. This is shown and the events in Iraq," — said the choice of the Ministry Popovkin. In August 2010, the newspaper "Kommersant" wrote that the volume of purchases for the Lynx Russian military reach 1,775 units. The cost of one machine was set at 300,000 euros.
The increase in funding state armaments program — is in itself an achievement, given that in previous years the military had to literally "beat" slight increase to the military spending. If everything is conceived plans are realized, then the next ten years will be a very large-scale rearmament of recent decades, especially in comparison with the 1990s, when the new techniques in the army almost been received. However, for the implementation of all the plans into practice, the military will have to try hard.
In particular, the need to carefully monitor the process of pricing in order to avoid exorbitant price increases for military production, given the large volumes of purchases. According to the director of the Center for Analysis of World Arms Trade Igor Korotchenko, "in the current situation should develop a real fight against corruption in defense procurement."