The recommendations from the scientists in the course of Primorye in the Sikhote-Alin Reserve, entered into a new federal strategy for the conservation of the Amur tiger in Russia, which is in the Red Book, told RIA Novosti head of the laboratory of ecology and animals of the Pacific Institute of Geography FEB RAS, PhD Ivan Seredkin.
According to the last census, in Primorsky and Khabarovsk — the only habitat of the halo tigers in Russia — home to about 450 animals. Russian and international organizations are making efforts to prevent its decline.
"Recommendations from coastal scientists as a result of the Sikhote-Alin State Biosphere Nature Reserve, entered into a new federal strategy for the conservation of the Amur tiger in the Russian Federation. Intervention programs in the Sikhote-Alin Reserve, imply the use of the knowledge gained in the practice of saving animals studied. evidence-based guidelines to help identify the main threats to the animals and to identify solutions to problems, "- said the source.
According to him, members of the Sikhote-Alin Reserve, Wildlife Conservation Society and the Pacific Institute of Geography FEB RAS for 20 years of research in the framework of the program for the conservation of the Amur tiger tagged radio collars and GPS-collared more than 70 individuals of the Amur tiger. Currently tracking continues for tigress Barbara, has a collar with a GPS-receiver.
"The main objective of this program — the study of the problems of biology tigers, which are important for its conservation and conflict-existence with humans. Among them: the need for a natural predator victims, for example, wild boars and deer, especially the use of the area habitat, reproduction, and causes of mortality of tigers, impact of human activities on the tiger. principal research methods, along with the traditional tropleniem the snow — it's Radio telemetry and satellite tracking of predators, "- said Ivan Seredkin.
He noted that in addition to the project tiger reserve in a program for the study of other animal species: brown and Himalayan bears, musk deer. In the case of these animals is also used Radio telemetry. In addition, a program for the integration of the Amur tiger by camera traps.
Individual picture on the skin of the animal to distinguish tigers from each other in photographs taken with the camera, placed on the reserve, which will be triggered automatically when passing animals.