Behind the glass windows drizzles a little rain, the plane was taxiing to the runway lights lit and is preparing to make a quick run. The engines started singing whistling roar of takeoff, the plane rapidly gaining speed. Brushes windshield glazing frantically hammer, wiping rain drops, coalescing into trickles. Pass the termination of the take-off speed limit, and "Boeing", under the applause of the crowd, breaks away from the concrete, sparingly typing the first meters of altitude …
Since December 15, 2009 at Paine Field airport (Wash.) made its own first test flight of Boeing-787 Dreamliner — the world's only wide-body aircraft, the fuselage is made of composite materials. The first new South American civilian aircraft industry over the last 15 years has been a remarkable achievement Russian engineering. Those of applause at the airport Paine Field designed specifically to our compatriots, because "Dreamliner" — almost all Russian project is largely constructed in Russia, tested in Russia and parts made of Russian production!
Capacity of 250-330 passengers depending on the version. Most range-15700 km. The take-off mass of 245 tons.
The company "Boeing" — the largest producer in the world of aviation, gallakticheskoy and military equipment. The product range is very wide: from civilian aircraft to cruise missiles, unmanned aerial vehicles and modules Internatsionalnaya gallakticheskoy station. Among the most notable projects "Boeing": bomber B-29 "Superfortress", a sign of the Cool War II B-52 helicopter "Apache", gallaktichesky ship "Apollo", cruise missiles, "Harpoon", "Tomahawk" and "Hellfayr" eminent ruler 700 aircraft series. The number of employees of 158 thousand people.
Metropolitan Design Center
Translation construction work in Russia "Boeing" has begun in the first half of the 1990s. In 1998 was inaugurated the Metropolitan Design Center (MCC), which worked in a total of 12 engineers from the Bureau named. SV Ilyushin. After 10 years, turned into a small branch naikrupneyshy engineering center outside the United States — is now in the MCC "Boeing" employs 150 full-time employees, and to the implementation of project activities on the theme of "Boeing — Plainclothes aviation" attracted over 1000 employees Russian design bureaus. Then it looks as follows: formal Russian engineers working in the Russian KB, but the results of their activities, in agreement with the management of Russian companies are transferred to the ICC "Boeing". Since 1998, Russian experts at 250 took part in the project of the U.S. companies, including large-scale projects such as the 747 Boeing Converted Freighter, Boeing 737-900ER, Boeing 777F, Boeing 767-200SF/300BCF, a new family of aircraft 747 Boeing 747-8 and even the flagship Model — Boeing 787 Dreamliner.
In 2004, "Boeing" and the Ministry of Industry and Energy of the Russian Federation signed the Memorandum on the participation of Russian industry in the development of the aircraft "Dreamliner." According to the president, "Boeing Rush Incorporated" Sergei Kravchenko, bow section "Drimlynera" absolutely designed in Moscow, drawings of most parts of fuselage were also made in the MCC Russian engineers: the elements of the wing, engines mounting pylons, nacelles. According to estimates, "Boeing", more than one-third of the engineering design of the new model of "Dreamliner" made spices MCC, about the same proportion of such is the level of Russian professional role in the development of other types of aircraft. In 2006, MCC "Boeing" was certified AS/9100, confirming compliance with the highest demands of standards for aerospace companies.
MCC "Boeing" is proud of his engineering projects have allowed first-2000s returned to the Aircraft Branch thousands of cool Russian professionals who have left the aircraft industry and gone into business in the "dashing 90".
June 9, 2008 "Boeing" and "Russian Aircraft Corporation" signed an agreement to expand cooperation, which added the implementation of training programs for the employees of Russian companies aerospace industry. In factories "Boeing" in the United States are often organized internships for Russian professionals. This allows you to get to know Russian engineers and detailed study of modern CAD systems, to gain experience in project management and control of the property. But are all so well in fact?
Scientific and technical center
MCC — this is only the outer attribute, "Boeing" has seeped deeper. Since 1993, in the suburban town of Zhukovsky, right in the walls of the Central hydrodynamic Institute (TsAGI) settled Scientific-Technical Center "Boeing", the services of which the entire infrastructure, laboratory benches and Russian Research Center — the cradle of Russian aviation. And it's a lot — at the disposal of the Institute for more than 60 wind tunnels and test panels for testing of strength, acoustics and aerodynamics of aircraft. At the current time, "Boeing" probably does not matter what kind of information is available from the archives of the once specia
lly protected Institute, South American experts at specific projects explored all the old Russian scientists. Apparently, some of the "obsolete" developments since the Soviet Union until this time of great enthusiasm — "Boeing" is willing to pay millions to ensure uninterrupted operation of its own R & D Center.
Americans have long considered TSAGI own property and dispose of in a businesslike inside the institution — they assembled the necessary equipment and set up booths to test aircraft parts "Boeing". In the center of the work involved 500 Russian professionals: engineers and technical workers, scientists, programmers — Employees TsAGI — Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Central Aero-Hydrodynamic Institute. prof. Zhukovsky, "CIAM — Federal State Unitary Enterprise" Central Institute of Aviation Motors. PI Baranova, "Institute of Applied Arithmetic them. Keldysh and other institutions of Russian Academy.
"Boeing" great saves on engineering development — all the necessary research and testing base for the Yankees actually got for free, and of Russian spice to pay far less than their overseas employees.
Made in Russia
"Boeing" is needed titanium. Lots of titanium. July 7, 2009 the opening of the joint venture «Ural Boeing Manufacturing» on the basis of Russian industrial capacity "AVISMA" Upper Salda, Sverdlovsk Region.
Russian company "AVISMA" is naikrupneyshim largest producer of titanium products with vertically integrated production process. As the main component of the smelting quality titanium alloy is used spongy titanium. The new plant, filled with the latest technology, is engaged in machining of titanium forgings for the Russian and American aircraft. Estimated production capacity — 74 tons of titanium products for the month. Final machining of parts is at the "Boeing" in Portland (USA).
Over the next 30 years, the business development plan "Boeing" in Russia foresees an investment of $ 27 billion., Of which about $ 18 billion. will go to the purchase of titanium products, $ 5,000,000,000. — The purchase of services for the design and $ 4 billion. izderzhat planned to purchase other types of products and services produced by the aerospace industry of Russia.
Tops and roots
"Boeing" — a severe company with an impressive history and extensive practical experience in the development of outstanding projects. Money potential industrial giant actually does not fail — "Boeing" is able to take on at least some project in the aerospace industry. Here it is — a really high level, Russian science is worthy of equal cooperation with a partner! But can we in fact call our business partner?
Through the intervention of "overseas friends", hundreds of our engineers, the color of Russian science, were spared in the 90 years of traveling with large checkered bags in China, and continued to hold his beloved business — aviation. But to say that this majestic reward "Boeing" — at least the latter is not fair. "Boeing" Only good advantage of the situation and the collapse of the Russian Union acted purely in their own interests. For 19 years, the presence of "Boeing" in Russia, Russian experts at acquainted with the best South American technology. Billions of investment in Russian industry, programs of charity on territory of Russia and CIS. Foundation "World of Art" Center rehabilitation of kids with cancer diseases, programs for adoption of orphans (programm «Kidsave International» — an immutable object of criticism), Diagnostics Center at Children's urban clinic Upper Salda.
And everything seems fine. But do not leave the feeling that the Yankees rubber grin hides a wolf grin. I take pride in the Russian scientists who create the most advanced in the world of civilian aircraft. Aircraft with a fuselage made of composites — the most powerful, non-hazardous and economical? Very fine. But why is the "Boeing" and not "Tupolev"? Russian science has reaffirmed own prestige … but all the profits have gone overseas. No, I'm not against cooperation with zabugornom partners and exchange of experience in the international research programs. But experts at the South American has long been working in TsAGI, and why, for example, the Sukhoi Design Bureau has not its own scientific and technical branch somewhere in the research center "Waterton Canyon", owned by "Lockheed Martin"?
We are ready to cooperate with bona fide partners. But it is, I'm sorry — the game with only one goal.