The deterioration of the Black Sea ecosystem has greatly reduced the population of valuable fish species. Now there were only sprat, anchovy and sprat.
This was stated by the Deputy Director of the Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas (IBSS) for Science, Doctor of Biological Sciences Yuri Tokarev.
"That's what we got: sprat, sprat, anchovy. Before, there were sturgeon, turbot, bluefish, mullet. That was the main fish. Black Sea mackerel not. Anchovy and sprat are already 90% of the whole fish, which is found in the Black Sea.
The reason — overfishing and the barbaric attitude of man "- told reporters in Sevastopol Tokarev, referring to the results of a recent expedition by scientists IBSS in the Black Sea for the study of the ecosystem.
In addition, on the shelf of the north-western part of the Black Sea to the Kerch Strait began to disappear red algae — Phyllophora, which could lead to significant disruption populations of crustaceans and fish species. Scientists attribute this to the extraction of oil and gas at the site of the Black Sea.