Basis of Russian heavy industry — steel industry — the first time since the 1990s, began to increase sales of its products in the domestic market and in the CIS.
In the coming year, the needs of the Russian civil fleet can be almost completely satisfied by domestic shipyards. For our sudprom get the proper amount of special steel sheet. These factors indicate, first, the increase in demand for steel products is in high-tech industries, and second — to the positive changes in the technology base of the domestic economy. And thirdly — the successful development of the Russian metallurgical cooperation with the countries of the Commonwealth.
For example, the supply of ferrous metals and products of their high value added in 2012, according to the Federal Customs Service, to foreign countries increased only by 6.5%, and in the CIS region — more than twice. The share of traditional products (pig iron, slabs, etc.) accounted for only about one third of the data delivery. And almost 70% — High: long and flat rolled products, ferroalloys, hardware. The new trend is due to the modernization of many steel mills in neighboring countries, is still "tied" to the production and technological cooperation with partners in Russia. That is, our steel industry is driving demand for these products and the CIS region.
As for the internal market, on average 15% increase in the demand for goods of domestic iron and steel industry in the production of agricultural machinery, instrument-making, machine and ship building, Pipe. Since the early 1990s, it is observed for the first time and again due to the increase in domestic demand for goods of group A (ie, heavy industry). Indicating that a major upgrade of our industry and its technological base. For example, one of Russia's largest foundry and rolling facility in Vyksa (the Middle Urals), according to the director of the branch of Gdańsk "OMK-Steel" Oleg Fedorov, "in 2012, officially recognized as a major manufacturer of sheet metal from high-strength steel for the needs of the shipbuilding industry. This will allow the company to expand the product line. "
A tendency is also important for the Russian rolling production. For the share of imports for the needs of existing oil and gas pipelines countries have reached 35%. That, of course, allows foreign manufacturers and suppliers to provide the economic impact on the creation of new Russian oil and gas pipeline systems. But this sector is strategic! The transition to the domestic pipe eliminate such effects. And, of course, creates a stable thousands of jobs in the industry, and in related industries. By the way, in the new oil and gas pipelines from Russia to CIS countries (for example, "Nord Stream", ESPO-2), the share of domestic pipes for the first time exceeded 55%.
In short, the new industrialization, proclaimed by President Vladimir Putin as the main vector of economic development of the country, is successfully carried out, and in the steel industry.
It is useful in this context to recall that in the early years of China's reform (1978-1982 years), above all, increased demand for steel and heavy industry in general. Because the company of other industries, due to their reconstruction, it is in desperate need of these products. And then, as the security of demand, by the mid-1980s, the updated power companies of the group B (FMCG) have quickly fill China's demand for an increasingly wide range of consumer. It seems that a similar trend is observed now in Russia.