Gorno-Altai, October 27 — RIA Novosti, Elena Kozlova. Languages of Altai glaciers due to global warming significantly retreated deep into the valleys of 2050 some of the glaciers have lost up to 26% of the area, told RIA Novosti participant scientific-practical conference on the study of climate change in the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion, Chairman Media Club " commandment without borders "Love Ivashkina.
Lobes — the moving part of mountain glacier, below the snow line. The conference, which were announced by scientific evidence, concluded on Thursday in Barnaul. One of the main objectives of the event was to develop a strategy to mitigate the human impact on ecosystems of Altai and Sayan.
"Russia was among the areas which emerged facts to support global climate change, and the south of Western Siberia, specifically — Altai, called the center of global warming in Russia. Nowhere is of specific changes can tell Altai glaciers, which, like the glaciers around the world , has recently been significantly reduced in size. Glaciers are shrinking, and some of them have already disappeared, "- said the agency interlocutor.
Siberian glaciologists (scientists who study natural ice in all species) mark, according Ivashkina, the fact that the languages of all the glaciers significantly retreated deep into the valleys. Absolute elevation of the lower part of the language up to 100-120 meters, compared to their position in the mid-19th century.
"One of the indicators of climate change is the glacier. Modern glaciers over the past 150 years have changed — they are reduced in size, the largest fall into many smaller ones. Glaciers change, reduced in size, this process will continue in the near future" — confirmed RIA Novosti teacher Altai State University (Barnaul), glaciologist Oleg Ostanin.
According to him, the university researchers are monitoring a number of glaciers, in particular, for Sophia, which for the last 150 years, backed by 1.5-2 kilometers. In this glacier "rises" with the speed of 20-30 meters per year.
"In the valley glaciers of the South and the Mongolian Altai decreased by almost 1.5-2.5 thousand meters. According to scientists, the further melting of the glaciers of the Altai in the next 10-20 years will lead to their disintegration into smaller morphological types. This process is now being actively observed the glaciers of the Southern Altai. If the middle of the 21st century come true simulated climate change, we should expect a significant reduction in volume of glaciers "- explained in turn Ivashkina and added that in the computational model of Tomsk and Altai scientists, some of the Altai glaciers by 2050 will lose to 26% of its area.
According to experts of climate over the past 50 years in the Altai-Sayan region marked increase in the average temperature of 1.2 degrees in the highlands to 3.5 degrees in the intermountain basins. Climate change impacts on fragile alpine and more sustainable steppe ecosystem may be irreversible, scientists say. Violation of the existing ecological balance can lead to, including to more frequent forest fires and growth of damage.