Order of Alexander Nevsky was listed as the youngest character in a number of Russian military leadership awards. While many faleristov call it a great credit to the USSR. According to the statute, it was given to the officers, "who showed in fighting for their country in war, Russian personal bravery, courage and bravery ensured the command of an experienced and successful conduct of their own parts." Inhabitant of the little village Pirogovsky Gennady Mikhailovich muzzle became a Knight of the Order of Alexander Nevsky in the victorious 40 5th, after taking Konigsberg.
About fortress with underground bunkers, hidden system moves supplies of food and water for three years of siege Marshal Alexander Vasilevsky said the following: "Konigsberg — tough nut. It will be hard to chew. "
All the approaches to the town were blocked by anti-tank ditches to a depth of 6 meters, tank obstacles, barbed wire, tyschami fields with anti-tank and anti-personnel mines, various bottlenecking of Stitching wire spirals Bruno. The very capital of East Prussia was represented by a single powerful reinforcement area: almost every household in the town was transformed into a center of resistance, a strong point.
Need to pay tribute to the German military engineers who obmyslili carefully and artfully crafted a very, very unusual system of defense. Hitler painted the press in every way its inaccessibility. Goebbels argued that "the Bolsheviks themselves to the teeth broken off of granite fortress", the garrison of which had more than half a million soldiers and officers, which is located 8,200 guns and mortars, 700 tanks and assault guns. "Yes, it was a real stronghold, but is something our fighter may suspend" — said Gennady Mikhailovich.
Remarkable fact: Konigsberg — the only city is not the capital of the country, in honor of the seizure during which majestically Russian war in the Soviet Union organized a medal.
The enemy fought with unusual fury and therefore leaflets and appeals of our command called "Master the Konigsberg — the cause of our honor, glory, valor," "In the Name of the complete victory over the enemy homeland commands us to cut the knot last fortified East Prussia!".
Unusual danger was long gun emplacements that were built in a couple of years before the second world war. "During the war, had a chance to create a variety of dots, but did not have such a massive — says Dulnev. — It was a concrete-lined underground dungeons in three floors. Later, we already have seen that they were connected by tunnels between, had underground storage, bathrooms and an independent water supply. Top — the overlap of armor width of 20 cm They tried to suppress artillery — nothing came of it, but to no avail plagued shells. On top of the fortifications in the land have grown shrubs and trees. Crossfire mnogokalibernyh machine guns raking bunkers approaches to each other. Around every bunker — a minefield. "
At that time, the Guard Captain Dulnev was deputy commander of the 34th Engineer Battalion separate 32nd Guards Red Banner Order of Suvorov Taman Infantry Division.
Battalion put puzzle — to provide the advancing troops gap width of 350-400 meters in the first line of defense enemy. Pillboxes were separated by a distance of 50-70 meters. "During the 2-day assault was formed nine groups. Each includes seasoned engineers, infantry carriers of explosives, etc. For instance, to kill the bunker, had to lay a few boxes of explosives. Each — 25 kg of TNT. And imagine how hard was equipped dungeon, if after such an explosion armored cap slightly budge, "- says Gennady Mikhailovich.
As the front-line soldier, intelligence has identified 13 bunkers, researched and explored approaches to them. Dulneva lying on a very demanding task — the organization of a breakthrough assault teams at the appointed time and the ability of simultaneous decommissioning of all 13 bunkers. The captain was also required to liaise with the gunners who had to peel the embrasures emplacements direct fire. Gun-covered miners' EP, ".
Explosions planned to produce at 3.00. At this hour of assault groups were to travel on a specially fabricated passages minefields and barbed wire, bunkers around the rear and in vulnerable areas to set the explosives. Veteran noted that all of February stood weather with frequent snowfalls, rain and drizzle, solid fog that was in the hands of our soldiers.
"Overcome, circumvent, set …" But it's smooth looks on paper only. Prior to each bunker was necessary to go through, to be exact, using a shallow dell, crawl hundreds of meters. On their bellies, hugging the ground so that between it and the body is left and the smallest slits. In general, the distance was important also because each meter could be the last. When hung in the night sky enemy flares, had practically pushed into the cool, damp earth, and to connect with her still. The movement lasted only after the missiles were extinguished. And so on to the next flash …
At the scheduled time could undermine all 13 bunkers. To the question, "But the Germans were sitting in the dungeon, why they did not resist?" — A war veteran said, "They were after the explosion so stunned that could not even move." He added that he did not help out the enemy fighter and stamped on a metal plate belts of the word "God is with us!" Which, apparently, were required to keep them from bullets and shells.
Gennady Dulnev, who was a member of one of the assault teams, after a survey of the underground casemates rose to the surface: to elect a position to adjust artillery fire. The dawn broke, the fog lifted and the officer apparently was a good target for enemy snipers. He was shot in virtually smashed leg, "felt no pain, but the boots spun the other way." The soldiers cut shoes, pieces of wood splint and, after putting on a grid of one of the beds and dragged him to his own best.
So on the night of February 7 victorious year ended war for guards. Order of Alexander Nevsky found him already in the hospital. Handed his commander, who said he had led a sniper shooting from the bunker, which the scouts were not able to detect.
Go to the front FRESHMEN
When the majestic Russian, Gennady was 18 and he was trained in the first year of the Metropolitan School of Military Engineers. Hastily mastered mine-explosive case of future officers threw a Rjev to undermine industrial facilities, bridges, mining, building anti-tank ditches. Explosives dragged on for yourself. The Germans moved eastward so quickly that the students quickly realized the meaning of saying "Procrastination is like a death." Sometimes the time to overtake the enemy on the matter of a minute. Retreating t
o the capital. "This was our exam that we have successfully passed" — sadly joked veteran.
Later, a lieutenant, took Dulnev sapper platoon, and later commanded a company. He took part in the fighting for the liberation of the Caucasus, Taman, Kerch Peninsula, in other operations. States that in particular had a hard time with the break Blue stripes — Frontiers of the Nazis width of 20 km from Novorossiysk to Temrük. And all this time, Gennady Mikhailovich coupled with subordinates doing risky work: installed anti-tank and anti-personnel mines, shooting the enemy, making passes at the enemy minefields for their own infantry and vehicles. When withdrawing combat engineers were the latest, barring the coming of the enemy. In defense of respite could get the other, but not engineers. Go spies on a mission behind enemy lines — they need to prepare, "track" …
Worked in the main nights. How many were there, those nights at the limit of human ability, not considered. From apathy, stress due to the neutralized mines were not. Only at one point in the conversation mentioned that under the Taman 'shot, for sure, a million mines. " A million, maybe not, but at the expense of thousands of walking.
On how waging war sapper indicate merits: for the battles in the Caucasus — the Order of the Red Star, for the liberation of Taman — Russian War, 1 st degree, to ensure landing troops on the Kerch peninsula — Red Banner, for the battles for the liberation of Sevastopol and assault Breather -Mountain — Russian War, 2 nd degree.
When taken Sevastopol, in the front-line newspaper "Forward for the Motherland!" Appeared portrait sketch of an officer with the caption "The hero fights for Crimea three times a decorated Guard Captain G. Dulnev."
Gennady Mikhailovich himself says that it was a trivial job. Yes, exactly as described at the time the case of front-line combat engineers Ilya Ehrenburg. Here is an excerpt from his correspondence "Labourers war," dated November 1943: "There are fighters of the exploits are not a lot they say. Their courage is devoid of luster. Their courage is a protective color. Sappers — these are soldiers-workers. It laborers war.
Sapper crawling in the middle of the weeds in the middle of the reeds on the clay in the sand. He was alone with death. The enemy is invisible. The enemy in the thin wire in an inconspicuous peg. Minesweeper crawling under fire. Circle — breaks. He has no right to listen. He has to look vigilantly, stress. As a gold prospector finds gold particles engineer finds mines. It has to be not only bold but prudent and resourceful. One careless move, a moment of absent-mindedness — and the more he does not see any of the weeds or the Transnistrian sand, no light autumn sky. "Minesweeper is wrong one once in a lifetime "- it has become a byword soldier."
By the way, saying this meant not only the death of an enemy mine. Sometimes, as I were in charge of the war veterans, the first echelon of the advancing troops engineers should have been done in person through the minefields on the work they have same tracks. That was such a handyman war in front of the tank, followed by the NKVD man was walking with a gun in his hand, so that in place to shoot the sapper, if armored car suddenly undermine … Clarification of "overlooked mine," then do not take it — Sapper declared opponent of government security officer and a saboteur. So saying "Minesweeper is wrong once in a lifetime" for our fighter had a dual meaning: either podorveshsya or get a bullet from the "beholder". The end of one.
According Dulneva Germans constantly preparing some "surprises" in what were bolshennymi masters. Used the enemy and "jumping" mines, and "stretch". Just a bit touches used to engineer our enemy's wire entanglements without preparatory examination and there was an explosion or a cleverly disguised mines, or shoots up a flare. Then and sappers revealed fierce fire.
Bouncing mines are often installed on the roads in a checkerboard pattern. These things were exploding at a height of one and a half to two meters. Splinters flew up to 3 meters around. "It is very difficult to neutralize such mines, the need for greater caution and courage. If you make a mistake, you will not check the bottom and dernesh mine, putting it aside, immediately triggered a fuse … "So what's the clue" surprises "were often human life.
As the veteran, if his own "economy" you can understand it — fields with a clear set of their mines have been recorded on the respective maps and risk lay in his ability to pull out the fuse, then the enemy minefields were an equation with many unknown. It is not clear in what order booby what they reference, in what quantity and what tricks: "Another field was dotted with mines as cucumbers!".
People dropped out of the system is actually every day: "Unfortunately, mistakes were. And even if the soldier remained alive, with no hands-down. You see, it was easier for me to work alone, so no one was close. In myself, I was sure, but God forbid someone close blundered. " A oploshki almost all attributable to the fact that the engineering division of the often equipped with "nestroevikov" that were not good for health to serve in the infantry, armor or artillery and mortar units, also of the men who had physical defects after the injury and healing in the hospitals. Had to teach what is called, in the case. "They would have to train for three months at the site, but will allow those who did?".
And what is even remove one mine? After all, it does not stick out, not showing off, like a mushroom, mushroom, and secretly lying in the ground, blinded, it's hidden and waiting for the engineer makes a mistake, that once again confirm the well-known proverb. And he gently creeps from the mine to mine and evenly losing count of them, feels the zanemevshimi from the cold fingers every inch of wet or snow-covered ground. With a mine detector in front of the enemy will not pass. It is true that from him was not enough to sense — devices responsive to iron objects, and this stuff around enough.
"We worked probes — it's something like a ramrod — says Gennady Mikhailovich. — The point, consider jewelry. Creep slowly, carefully, a bit breathless, in front of him is pierced every inch of land. Took a bit to the side — missed mine. The tension even in winter tunic was damp with sweat. The rocket soared into the sky — it is expected to shiver from the cold congeals. But surprisingly rarely sick. "
With particular feeling states Dulnev about dogs, an acute sense of smell which helped out a lot of lives of soldiers and commanders: "They were working correctly."
The war left in the memory of many notches veteran. Languid fights, loss of comrades, fun days of liberation from the Nazis Russian cities and villages, bright day victory and much more, as in the post-war years he has never forgotten. One of the memoirs of a veteran associated with a weary battle, which occurred in February 1943 in the village of Enem that the Kuban, "Then all my company were killed. A few people survived miraculously. "
That morning Dulnev with his subordinates back to the front, where he spent mining. Do not have time to take a break from combat engineers work as manual Regiment stormed the enemy battalion. Dulnev then miraculously alive. In that fight, he lost another battle — Guard Lieutenant Demicheva.
Asked about narkomovskaya 100 grams for engineers: "At lunch or when vorachivalis with the job — drinking. But if you had to work with — and he did not allow a single drop of never touched. Once changed that rule and drank a little bit, but nearly died. And then took an oath. " Said, that in this, an
d almost everything else was a tough commander: "If an officer is not the will, character, demanding to discover and slave — nothing will." And was similar to smoking: Dymi set up all you want, but the NIGHT MODE flame roll-ups could be a target for enemy snipers. Dulnev himself stopped smoking after being wounded — Doctor rebuked.
New life, and again in the pursuit
After a long healing Gennady Mikhailovich was discharged from the hospital invalid second group. But refused disability, when the question arose about the service in the Interior Ministry. After long trips by doctors he was allowed to settle investigator: that the work of cardboard, she canted at the front of health does not hurt.
I just did not expect Dulneva sitting life: after the Institute of Law for many years he served in the main investigation department of the Interior Ministry of the USSR. Has grown to the principal investigator for particularly matters. He specialized in criminal cases involving large thefts, so trips alternated continuously.
Many times, the road led the way in the Magadan region. The region, which produces a third of Russian gold, long lures thrill of feeling and not with good intentions. Gennady Mikhailovich called names "authorities" and the amount stolen, but hardly anyone says anything now, for example, the name Skrypkina. And although it was a resounding, but a lot of years have passed, now other criminal "authorities" at the hearing. The veteran said that while investigators and detectives gnawed in the case so that the criminals who from time to time to avoid responsibility.
Obviously, the big theft occurred not only on the Kolyma. One of the memorable for him Affairs — theft of parts and components for television factory in Voronezh. Blue screens then were scarce product, on what and warming their hands as employees and their associates in the stores — Director, freight forwarders. The amounts for the theft of those years were astronomical, and that's had to make arrests in Voronezh and Kursk and Belgorod Cheboksary …
Trips continued for a month, or three, "often visited Central Asia and the Caucasus. Very loved to work with local operatives in Belarus — understanding, sympathetic people. But in the Baltic states did not like to drive. " Clarification of the veteran in common: in any office or at a meeting in Armenia or Azerbaijan, the conversation was in the Russian language. But not in the Baltic Republics.
Says a lot veteran, including a sore point: "You know, we're not sorry for themselves, with the passage of time will be not registered. Ever thought about work, she lived with delight went to work. If the case is severe, then spent the night in the office. Yes, could a glass of vodka to drink after work, but to take bribes or toss drugs as they are now — such was not. My head does not fit. We're struggling with the offenders to be honest. They saw themselves as professionals, we ourselves also, and if we outplayed them, severe offenders accused himself: that the detectives or investigators were stronger. "
Gennady Mikhailovich long since retired. Included in the Record Book of Honor of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs. Together with his wife — Claudia Vasilevnoj, which, unfortunately, not so long ago passed away, 2-grown sons. There is a granddaughter and grandson, granddaughter grows. Such is at the front-line soldier behind a worthy and restless life.