North and South Sudan on the brink of war

Official Khartoum said that he plans to ask the UN Security Council to complain about the conduct of South Sudan (created as independent government in July 2011) about the support the rebels in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile. The authorities of the Republic of the Sudan (RS) blame South Sudan (Republic South Sudan) In the supply of fighters "of the Sudan People's Liberation Movement — North" (SPLM-C), shoulder-fired missiles and anti-tank systems, mines, ammunition and ammunition.

In addition, Khartoum claims that, according to the Sudanese intelligence services, the military of South Sudan directly involved in the fighting on the side of the rebels, also use commanders Darfuri groups (Darfur — a region in western Sudan, the Darfur region of inter-ethnic conflict) to smuggle guns and ammunition in the "rebel the states. " This is not the first complaint to the South of Khartoum Sudan. "Divorce" peacefully at 2-republics failed.

In Blue Nile State, Sudanese military won a series of victories, took the town of Al-Kurmuk, which was a stronghold of the rebels. Sformirovyvaetsya started from the local population, "the battalion Blue Nile", aimed assist the standing army to maintain security in the state. In the state of South Kordofan situation is more severe — there are fights with artillery and armored vehicles. This Khartoum state also plans to rely on the local tribes, creating napolovinuvoennye forming to fight the rebels.

Juba (naikrupneyshy city of Southern Sudan and the temporary capital, because the capital is planning to transfer to Ramsel) also accuses North Sudan to help the rebels — in the Republic of South Sudan are fighting with the rebels, who are oriented to the north. South Sudanese rebels clash serious and permanent parts marked in the United States and Equatoria. These areas because of the fighting on the brink of a humanitarian disaster due to lack of water and food. There is a danger that South Sudan and fails to become vsepolnotsennym state, whether by the forthcoming crushing.

Very strong contradictions exist between the republics with 2:

— The disputed area of Abyei, a territory of more than 10 thousand square kilometers, it is in control of the main Khartoum. Both countries are increasing their forces there, although the UN Security Council gave permission to enter the "blue helmets" are planning to place the 2400 Ethiopian fighter. Both sides are very aggressive, president of RS Omar Hassan al-Bashir has declared its readiness to wage war.

— Section of oil revenues. North after the collapse of the country was left without much of the "black gold" — 75% of the oil remained in the South. But Khartoum got oil pipelines that run through the PC to Port Sudan and oil factory. Because Khartoum and Juba are trying to agree on the division of revenue nefteprodazhi. Al-Bashir said that the need to divide in half, Southerners do not agree. South Sudan authorities are willing to negotiate just about renting pipelines, to pay a fee for transit.

— The problem of aquatic resources. It is for this very serious problem of the country, caused by population growth, dry climate and persistent droughts. During the flow of the river Nile argue outright several countries: Egypt, Sudan (Now two countries), Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, etc.

— The problem of external debt. At the time of the collapse Sudan — External debt of the country was more than 38 billion dollars. bucks. Khartoum is not going to take the entire amount. There were negotiations with the U.S. and the EU to write off the debt. Berlin in October 2011, Sudan offered to pay its own debt than cash, and a bit of German companies provide for a role in various projects in the areas of the country. Germany Sudan has more than 11 billion dollars. bucks.

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