Self-propelled laser system 1K17 Compression

In the late 70's — early 80-ies of XX century, all the world "democratic" society under the euphoria of Hollywood Dreams of "Star Wars." At the same time, for the "Iron Curtain" under the canopy of secrecy Russian "empire of evil" by little, gradually implement the Hollywood dream into a reality. Russian astronauts to fly in space, armed with laser guns, "blasters", designed battle stations and gallakticheskie fighters, and the Mother-Earth crawled Russian "laser tanks."

Self-propelled laser system 1K17 "Compression"

One of the organizations engaged in the development of combat laser systems are NGOs' Astrophysics. " General Director of "Astrophysics" was Igor Ptitsyn, and General Designer — Nikolai Ustinov, the son of the very-powerful member of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU and, concurrently, the Minister of Defense — Dmitri Ustinov. With such a massive patron, "Astrophysics" is actually not experienced any problems with the resources: financial, real, human. This is bound to affect — in 1982, nearly four years after the reorganization of the CDB in NGOs and mission ND Ustinov's chief designer (he had previously ruled in the direction of the CDB on Laser Ranging) was
SLK 1Q11 "Stiletto".

The task was to provide a set of laser opto-electronic counter systems monitoring and management tool of the battlefield to the harsh weather and operational criteria for the armor. Co-executor threads acted chassis design office "Uraltransmash" of Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg) — a leading developer of virtually all (with rare exceptions) Russian self-propelled artillery.

Self-propelled laser system 1K17 "Compression"

So were for himself in the West Russian laser system. A sketch of the magazine «Soviet Military Power»

Under the direction of Chief Designer "Uraltransmash" Yury Tomashov (factory director was then Zyuganov Studenok) laser system was installed on the well-tried chassis GMZ — articles 118, which is a "family tree" of chassis products 123 (SAM "Circle") and articles 105 (SPG SU-100P). On the "Uraltransmash" was made two slightly different between a car. The differences were due to the fact that in order generate and test experience laser systems were not similar. Fighting properties of the complex were at the time outstanding, and they are in the real time meet the requirements of conducting military-tactical operations. For the creation of complex developers were awarded the Lenin Prize and Municipal.

As mentioned above, the complex "Stiletto" was adopted, but for various reasons not commercially produced. Two experienced car remained in one piece. Yet, their occurrence even in the criteria strshnoy full of Russian secrecy has not gone unnoticed by American intelligence. In a series of drawings depicting new standards in technology Russian Army submitted to Congress for a "knock-out" of additional funds the Ministry of Defense and was very well-known "Stiletto".

Self-propelled laser system 1K17 "Compression"

Formally, this complex is in service to this day. But the fate of the prototype for a long time nothing was clear. At the end of testing, they were practically nobody needed. Whirlwind collapse of the USSR scattered them on the spot and brought the post-Soviet states to scrap metal. So, one of the cars in the late 1990s — early 2000s, was identified by amateur historians BBT on recycling in a sump 61-BTRZ near St. Petersburg. The second, a decade later, the same connoisseurs stories BBT found on tank repair factory in Kharkov (see In both cases, the laser system machines have long been dismantled. The "St. Petersburg" cars remained body only, "Kharkov" "wagon" is in the best condition. At the current time, the efforts of enthusiasts in consultation with the management of the plant samples are taken in order to preserve its next "museification." Unfortunately, "St. Petersburg" machine, apparently disposed to the true time: "What we have, do not store, and losing her cry …".

The best fraction fell to another, without a doubt a unique device, a joint production of "Astrophysics" and "Uraltrasmasha." As the development of mind, "Stiletto" was designed and built the new SLK 1K17 "Compression." It was a set of the latest generation with automatic search and guided the bright highlights to the multi-channel laser radiation (solid-state laser on aluminum oxide Al2O3) in which a small piece of aluminum atoms are replaced by ions of trivalent chromium, or simply — a ruby crystal. For the creation of a population inversion optical pumping is used, in other words, light ruby crystal strong flash of light. Rubin assign a cylindrical rod ends are painstakingly polished, silver-plated, and serve as mirrors for the laser. To light a ruby rod used pulsed xenon discharge lamps flash through which the battery charge high voltage capacitors. The flash has the shape of a spiral tube, twisted around a ruby rod. Under the influence of a massive pulse of light in the ruby rod creates an inverse population and the availability of mirrors excited by laser oscillation, the duration of which is a bit shorter than pump up the flash lamp. Especially for the "compression" of man-made crystal was grown by a mass of about 30 kg — "laser gun" in this sense flies "a lot of money." Brand new installation sought and a huge amount of energy. Its power supply used massive generators, battery-operated auxiliary power unit (APU).

Self-propelled laser system 1K17 "Compression"

As a base for potyazhelevshego complex new chassis was used at the time of self-propelled guns 2S19 "MSTA-S" (article 316). To accommodate the vast amount of power and electro-optical equipment cutting "Msta" was significantly increased in length. Its located aft APU. Up front, instead of the trunk was located optical unit including 15 lenses. System clear lenses and mirrors in marching criteria locked protective armor covers. This unit had the opportunity pointing vertically. In the middle of cutting a work station operators. For self-defense on the roof was installed anti-aircraft machine gun system with a 12.7-mm machine gun NSVT.

The ma
chine frame has been assembled to "Uraltransmash" in December 1990. In 1991, the complex, received military code 1K17 went for tests and the subsequent 1992 year was adopted. As before, the work of creating complex "compression" has been highly appreciated by the Government of the country: a group of employees, "Astrophysics" and co-authors won the State Prize. In the field of lasers, we then ahead of the whole world, at least for 10 years.

But this "star" of Nikolai Dmitrievich Ustinov waned. The destruction of the Soviet Union and the fall of the Communist Party overthrew the former authorities. In the conditions of a collapsed economy were severely revise many defense applets. And this is not over and the fate of "compression" — exorbitant price of the complex, despite the cutting-edge, breakthrough technologies and positive control of the Ministry of Defense led to doubt its effectiveness. Super secret "laser gun" has remained unclaimed. The only instance of a long period of time in hiding for the highest fences, until suddenly all in 2010 was not really any miraculously in the exhibition "The Military Technical Museum", which is located in the suburban village of Ivanovo. Need to pay tribute to and thank the people smogshih take this valuable artifact from a neck perfect secrecy and make this a unique vehicle in the public domain — a pleasant example of best Russian science and engineering, a witness of our forgotten victories.

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