5th place — Centurion
Medium Tank. Combat weight — 48 tons. The thickness of the frontal armor of 76 mm, the optimal angles sheets. Turret: from 165 mm to 200 mm (mask guns). Armament: 83 mm rifled gun, 2 machine guns. Motor power 640 hp Road speed of 35 km / h The crew of 4 people.
HOT … the sun set between stone steeps and thickening mist again flashed silhouettes of tanks — the Syrians renewed attack on the Golan Heights. The remains of the 7th Armored Brigade IDF continued to breathe without giving an inch.
Fight Night at a ratio of 1:9 does not bode well: if the days of the Israelites relied on their only advantage — accurate shooting from huge distances, the NIGHT MODE initiative is absolutely defected to the enemy. Filled night vision devices, the T-55 and T-62 Syrian Guards rushed irresistibly forward, supported by fire from infantry and armored vehicles BMP-1. In particular, the Israelis bogey smoothbore gun of the new T-62 — its feathered piercing projectiles could penetrate the tower "Centurion" through and through. Worse, Israeli tanks had infrared scopes, trying to maneuver in the dark, many of the "Centurions" ripped tracks on sharp stones. Flashing dark eyes warheads, commander of the 7th Armored Brigade Janusz Ben-Gal took the only right decision — to stay put and keep on consuming at least how to move around the silhouettes.
By the morning of the 7th Brigade did not exist — of its 105 "Centurion" was destroyed 98 tankers but at the cost of his own life before the coming of the detained Syrian approach spare parts. In the Plain of Tears left lying 230 Syrian tanks, 200 armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles.
An old British tank "Centurion", development in 1945, has become one of the most active participants in the Cool War. Korea, Vietnam, India, Angola. But the real fame he has brought the service in the IDF — knowing about the famous and highest survivability protection of tanks, tankers ancestors prayed for their sons recorded in the unit, kitted out with tanks "Shot" (the Israeli version of "Centurion"). Two hundred square meters of tanks of this type is still used in parts of the training, the other part of surviving in the battle machines have been converted to armored personnel languorous "Puma".
"Shot" ("sticks"), unlike the British tanks, got a 105 mm gun, the newest power plant and hydro-mechanical box from the South American M60 tank was replaced with one hundred percent electrical equipment and automatic fire suppression system installed. In the end, "Shot" out of action only after numerous shells hit, for example, a third of destroyed vehicles of the 7th Brigade were then considered fit to recovery.
4th place — Mark I
The heavy tank. Combat weight — 28 tons. The thickness of the frontal armor: 10-12 mm. Armament: two 57 mm guns, four machine guns. Motor power 105 hp Road speed of 6 km / h The crew of eight people (four of them run box).
None of today's combat tracked vehicles will never repeat the success of the first tank, crawled out of the morning mist on the German positions 15 September 1916. The soldiers and officers are all part of the front scattered in panic at the sight of tarahtyaschee "land the ship."
Frankly, I was taken aback a lot of features the world's first tank. It turned out that the archaic structure completely hides a harsh combat vehicle, the owner of the usual bulletproof armor and superior firepower. Other systems, "Mark I» can cause a smirk, for example, the link provided in battle … a pigeon post. How unfortunate it did not sound, the pigeons were not able to endure the conditions inside the tanks and they were replaced by foot messengers of methane in the mud under heavy fire between the creeping forward tins.
All this was a big top bolshennye consequences in future wars of the twentieth century …
3rd place — Tiger
The heavy tank. Combat weight — 57 tons. The thickness of the frontal armor of 100 mm. Armament: 88 mm cannon, 2-3 7.92 mm machine guns, anti-personnel mortar type «S». Motor power 700 hp Road speed of 45 km / h The crew of 5 people.
A small French town of Villers-Bocage is full of jubilation. Inhabitants meet their own liberators, to the armor of British tanks fall flowers.
For this idyllic picture glumly watching through binoculars tankistskom man in a black suit, with no differences in character, but with a "dead head" on his cap and CC runes on his collar. Leaning out of the adjacent hatch gunner reaches for binoculars:
— These "Tommy" behave as if they are normally already won the war.
— They are wrong. — Short throws commander, slipping inside the tower.
Roared the 700-strong "Maybach", and the tank Michael Wittmann rushed to Villers-Bocage, to meet their own immortality.
"Tiger" is stopped on the outskirts of the city, ready to open fire sighting. The first shot, and one of the "Sherman" erupts like a match. Second shot. Over the subsequent "Sherman" with a crash flies tower. The panic in the village. Crews rush to his tanks, residents seek out shelter in basements. For half a minute, "Tiger" takes another 5 aimed shots and once again begins to move.
Across the street stood "Cromwell" — German monster rammed and flipped it like an empty tin can. Again rumbles 88 mm cannon — "Tiger" point-blank shooting "Cromwells' elite armored regiment of the pieces on the armor ring. One of the British tanks have time to escape from death, after breaking reversing the fence and disappearing in the middle of the buildings. It remains the most common — to reincarnate into the stuffing abandoned bronetrasportery — frontal gun "Tiger" breathless bursts.
From somewhere came out of the gate desperate "Sherman" spotter catches in the crosshairs cross on board the "Tiger." Distance 200. Shot. Caught off guard, and convulsively snarling armored monster desperately tries to maneuver on the narrow street. Faster, faster, it expands the tower! "Sherman" time to release another three rounds. A return shot "Tiger" has brought down part of the house, on the roof of the tower fallen asleep "Sherman" shrapnel and broken brick …
For 20 minutes of the best battle tank ace Michael Wittmann destroyed 21 tanks, 14 armored personnel carriers and 14 self-propelled guns Bren.
Panzerkampfwagen VI «Tiger» Ausf. H1 was created as a heavy breakthrough tank, but the German "vundervafli" failed the general battle of Kursk and the end of the war in the main used as a tank destroyer. The main instrument of 'Tiger' was 88 mm cannon KwK 36, made on the basis of a massive anti-aircraft guns. In martial criteria supertank was able to do 8 shots per minute, which was a record for the tank guns since then.
Thick-skinned German monster is often described as clumsy and kopotlivy tank that does not correspond to the truth. "Tiger" was expensive and complex, but never suffered limited mobility. He jokingly accelerated to 45 km / h and was more agile on rough terrain, thanks to the eight-hydro box and complicated friction clutches, double power supply.
2nd place — M1 "Abrams"
The main battle tank. Combat weight — 63 tons *. Reservations: Rolled steel armor and combined armor filled with uranium, the last modification of depleted uranium is replaced by composites. With regard to protection of the tower is equivalent to the forehead 700 … 900 mm metal homogeneous armor. The sides of the tank are protected by armor ARAT dynamic and active protection system AN/VLQ-6 MCD. Armament: 120 mm smoothbore gun, 3 machine guns of 7.62 and 12.7 mm. Motor power 1500 hp Road speed 67 km / h The crew of 4 people.
* The performance characteristics correspond to the modification of the M1A2 Systems Enhancement Package
At one point, Papuans shot tank "Abrams" of a silicon gun, captured the crew and the Yankees have cooked directly in the tower. Lunch of savory enough for all — tower as big … Despite the wealth of similar stories about the total extermination of the "Abrams" mnogokalibernyh of machine guns, RPGs or 30 mm cannon BMP-2, breaking through the stern tank armor, though fully yavna — "Abrams" is waging war without annoying the past 20 years, and often has more wins over more than a weak, but countless enemy. Although it is possible to call a weak Iraqi army standard in 1991 — the world's fourth-largest tank fleet (more than 5,000) and received by the time the cool combat experience for eight years Iran-Iraq war?
From the perspective of the table TTX, "Abrams" is not the best in the world on a tank of security. As for most other characteristics. These tanks have suffered huge losses in local wars of mines and massive blasts and there are countless photographic evidence of the destruction M1 antitank grenade launchers. Yet, unlike most modern track vehicles, "Abrams" — a common element of the combat system, repeatedly tested in combat in the harshest weather criteria and extending the regular upgrades to address the identified gaps and promising leveling threats. The resulting transfer of operational experience of thousands of "Abrams" through the floor of the globe, under the tanks of this type has developed a wide range of land, sea and air tf. In all parts of the world prepared the infrastructure for the deployment and operation of a frisky "Abrams".
Due to the increased losses M1 tanks in urban areas, was hastily designed Tank Urban Survival Kit — «Survival Kit in an urban environment", which contains these minor at first glance things like external telephone number to contact the crew of the tank and
infantry (very comfortable for al-Qaeda terrorists — pick up the phone and click the crew of the tank, "Allah Akbar" before you throw in the tank "koteyley Molotov"), additional armor bottoms, armored shields to protect the commander and loader and when viewed from the open hatches , additional mnogokaliberny machine gun on the mask tools, remote-controlled setting CROWS, night-vision goggles for all crew members.
The shortcomings of the tank "Abrams"? There are many. A gas turbine engine as greedy — during the fighting on the ground Iraqi armored units of the U.S. Army each time were suffering from lack of fuel. Noted, the location of the auxiliary power unit in the basket of the tower — in some cases, it is simply amazing mere instruments, which led to a fire in the MTO and the exit of the tank out of action. "Abrams' first generation were suffering from overheating the motor, known for multiple instances of self-ignition engines. The cost of each tank in modern equipment comes to Millin 6 bucks.
Despite the numerous challenges, the Americans do not plan to turn away from the gas turbine engine. The most powerful turbine engine accelerates the iron colossus up to 30 km / h in 6 seconds, and Allison automatic transmission provides high mobility tracked vehicle. The engine and gearbox are mounted in a single unit weight of 4 tons, and if the tap may be changed in the field criteria for one hour.
M1 "Abrams" was made in the amount of 10 thousand ekzemlyarov and entered service with the armed forces of six countries in the world: as of 2012 in the U.S. Army — 6900 tanks of this type in the Egyptian army tanks in 1130, Saudi Arabia — 315 tanks, plus several hundreds of cars in the armies of Kuwait, Iraq and Australia.
According to experts, "Discovery", "Abrams" is the best of all modern tanks. Very strange statement, considering that the world leader in export of tanks is a "Uralvagonzavod". The volume of Russian export contracts of 2007-2014 years. of 688 main battle tanks in the amount of 1.9 billion. bucks. During the same period, the U.S. could conclude contracts for the supply of 457 MBT the amount of 4.9 billion dollars. bucks. On the 3rd place Germany (348 MBT total stoimot 3.5 billion. Dollars).
That's where he was going. Three rows of trenches.
The chain pitfalls with oak bristles.
Here's trail, where he moved back when
He blew caterpillars mine.
But at hand was not a doctor,
And he stood up, suffering from lameness,
Broken iron dragging,
Limping on his injured leg.
Here he is, all the breaking, like a battering ram,
Circles crawled on his own trail
And fell, exhausted from his wounds,
Having bought a heavy infantry victory.
By the dawn, in the smoke, in the dust,
Came another smoldering tanks
And collectively decided deep into the earth
Steel bury his remains.
He did not seem to bury requested
In another dream he beheld a fight yesterday,
He resisted, that he had the strength to
Another threatened to own a broken tower.
It was too far away to be seen neighborhood,
We poured it over the hill grave,
Star of plywood nailed to a pole —
Over the battlefield monument feasible.
When a monument commanded me
Raise up all who died here in the desert,
I have used in hewn granite wall
Put a tank with empty eye sockets;
I dug it would, as it is,
In a hole in the sheets of iron torn —
Nevyanuschaya military honor
There is in these scars in the burnt wounds.
Climbed high on a pedestal,
Let as a witness to confirm by law:
Yes, the victory was given to us is not easy.
Yes, the enemy was brave.
The greater is our glory.
After a poem by Konstantin Simonov no hunting vorachivatsya to insignificant creativity "Discovery". As they say, there is no resentment, just fabricated conclusions. If you approach it seriously, ratings should be at least two — a "tactical" and "strategic". First rank should consider design excellence, its strong and feeble hand, the impact of the introduction of the tank in combat criteria. According to the second, "strategic" rating, each design must be considered as part of promoting the success of the army in the geopolitical scale. From the standpoint of technical advantages and battle efficiency, the best tank of all time is "Tiger". From the standpoint of historical perspective, were the best tanks T-34, saved the world from the brown plague.
In our time, has the most advanced features of German MBT "Leopard 2". But from the standpoint of geopolitical influence certainly the leader, "General Abrams." Despite the well-deserved blame, "Abrams" is not the time to redraw the map of the world.