Dwarf Republic of San Marino is placed in the south of Europe, on the slopes of Mount Titano (738 meters) and is surrounded on all sides of the Italian territory (the Marche and Emilia-Romagna). Plaza San Marino — 60.57 square meters. km, which is divided into so-called "locks" or neighborhood of San Marino, Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Kiezanuova, Montegiardino and Serravalle. The capital of the Republic — San Marino — located almost on the top of Mount Titano. Here lived 4.5 million inhabitants. The Adriatic Sea and the town of Rimini — 22 km. Population — sanmarintsy — about 30 thousand people. 95% — Catholics, 19% — the Italians. Once a year Dignity-Marino attended by over 3 million tourists from around the world, that our eyes behold the medieval monuments (both true and simulated), the government palace and the palace of Wallonia, the church of San Francesco and San Quirino, look around the castle ruins Guaita, Cesta and Montale, admire expanses of ocean observation platforms, and in the end, send home a postcard with a local postmark.
According to the legend of education Dignity-Marino, Dalmatian stone carver named Marino, a native of the island of Rab in Croatia today is based here with a group of his fellow Christians to avoid persecution ruler Diocletian.
Despite repeated attempts to capture San Marino (adjacent towns and the papal state) due to the proud spirit of his people, inaccessibility, surrounded by a triple belt fortress walls, and a brilliant management team government San Marino maintained its independence for centuries. In matters of foreign policy republic of San Marino also holds neutrality itself takes decisions about the political shelter in its territory. There have its own army, which is a military unit with special features. For the protection of members of Parliament in 1740 created the State Guard, armed with swords, and to comply with public policy — the gendarmerie. San Marino has its own municipal flag, but there is no equity. Since 1953, signed a contract with Italy, in which the latter pays monetary compensation to San Marino for the lack of its own currency and restrictions on construction (casino, radio stations) which, In general, canceled in 1987. But the stamp of San Marino is known and appreciated by philatelists.
The Government of San Marino is not entered into the European Union, but the European mints its own coins with the image of the main attractions on one of its sides. Only a few people know about is located in the neighborhood of San Marino, has more than a tiny but beautiful town of San Leo. Extant castle of San Leo medieval political philosopher Machiavelli referred to the most beautiful in Italy's military redoubt. And for Dante's castle, vertical ramparts which rise up above the luxurious cobbled square of the city, served as the inspiration to write some parts of the "Purgatory."
Area — 61 km.
Population — 25 million people
Official language — Italian
In 64 AD, when Rome was destroyed by a terrific fire, ruler Nero blamed the Christians. Since then, the long years they were subjected to persecution and torturous executions. The legend says that in 301 he was a member of one of the first Christian communities stonemason Marino found refuge with friends in the Apennines, on the top of Monte Titano. Soon the community declared independence. So on Italian soil appeared the oldest European government. Later Christian Church Church canonized a saint Marino. Hence the title of the country of San Marino (practically "St. Marina"), available with 301
Almost all of the native inhabitants of this tiny country — relatives by marriage, blood relatives or, in the end, just great neighbors and friends. In other words, the population of the country is somewhat overgrown large patriarchal families. By tradition, twice a year, heads of families meet to informally discuss family problems. Sanmarintsy consider such a meeting, perhaps more notable than sanmarinskogo meeting of parliament — the Great and General Council.
The heads of the country in San Marino are the two captains-regent. It has long been a tradition that every sanmarinets, appealing even to one of the co-rulers, had to use the plural. According to the views of linguists, specifically San Marino spread throughout Europe the custom to use the plural pronoun "you" for the suave appeal.
Naturally, with such nepotism is very difficult to be objective in litigation. Because according to the law and in the name of justice and police arbitrators here can only foreigners. The population of this tiny country occupied by small engineering and chemical industries, agriculture and service of tourists, and they can be up to 3 million a year!
During the First World War, the Republic of San Marino has become an ally of the Entente, under arms rose 15 fighter. During the second world war the republic declared its neutrality, but it did not free her from the two-week German occupation. In our days are in the army of San Marino are 51 fighter and 34 officers. Four times year satisfied with a military parade. Through the narrow streets of the capital — the town of San Marino to the music of the men are dressed in the brightest uniforms and carrying rifles XIX century.
Republic San Marino is surrounded on all sides of the Italian territory. In order to visit Rome, Venice or visit the off day on the beaches of the Adriatic sea, rather purchase a ticket on the train. Railway tunnel passes under a mountain of Monte Titano. But the case with Italy were not always bright and abroad — "transparent." In 1951, the government of San Marino made the decision to open a casino (gambling house), and build a strong television and radio station. Italy protested and announced a blockade of San Marino. A few months borders were closed, and eventually dwarf government ceded power.