A record number of births recorded in the past six months in Russia. Began to decline and mortality of Russians
And yet — in the 5 years of the (2007-2011) Concept of Demographic Policy of the Russian Federation ", male life expectancy has increased by almost 4 years, women — for 3 years." Russian Ministry of Labor continues to monitor the demographic situation in the country.
As the Minister of Labour and Social Protection of Russia Maxim TOPILIN: "In the first half of 2012 compared to the same period last year, the country experienced a decline in birth rate and death rate. Thus, in January-June this year born in Russia 905.7 thousand children, which is 63.2 per thousand infants (7.5%) more than in the corresponding period last year. "
The growing number of births registered in 79 regions — almost all of Russia. We see something very good is happening in the country, if women "are not afraid" to give birth. Among the boldest leading regions — Moscow and Moscow region, Omsk and Kaluga regions, the Republic of Mari El, St. Petersburg — the growth in comparison with the first half of last year ranged from 12 to 14%! The largest number of children born in Moscow (63,333 children), hereinafter — the Moscow region (40,728 children), Krasnodar (31,658 children), St. Petersburg (29,770 children), Sverdlovsk region. (29,767 children).
Moreover, and infant mortality began to decline despite the new criteria for registering births, the WHO recommended (in accordance with these records all infants were born after 22 weeks of gestation, birth weight of 500 g Previously, such children fall into the official statistics only If lived more than 7 days). Russia has moved to a new technique this year. And this in spite of the 15 regions, the improved (in Ivanovo, Murmansk Region, the Nenets Autonomous District, in the republics of Kalmykia, Ingushetia). A very low infant mortality rate recorded in the Nenets Autonomous Okrug (3.2 per 1000 births), in the Ivanovo region (4.1), in the Republic of Kalmykia (4.3), St. Petersburg (4.4), in Tambov region (4.7).
In January-June 2012, the natural population growth is registered in 31 regions of Russia (in January-June 2011 — 22). Natural decline, noted last year, it was replaced by the natural increase in the Komi Republic, Bashkortostan, Mari El, Tatarstan, Udmurtia, Perm, Krasnoyarsk and Kamchatka territories, Astrakhan, Omsk, Orenburg regions. The highest rate of natural population growth — in the Kamchatka region, Moscow and Irkutsk region. Natural population growth is registered in general and the North Caucasus, Urals and Siberian federal districts.
But what is even more pleased in the past six months has decreased mortality Russians — 1.9%: 962.7 thousand people died, which is 18.7 thousand people less than in the same period last year. In January-June 2012, reducing the number of deaths registered in 69 regions. The greatest rates of mortality observed in the Ulyanovsk region, in the republics of Ingushetia, Mari El, Udmurt Republic, Nenets Autonomous Okrug (reduced from 8 to 10%). The natural decrease of population in January-June 2012 was 56.9 thousand, which is 2.4 times less than in the same period last year. A significant reduction in the natural population decrease was noted in Novosibirsk, Chelyabinsk, Sverdlovsk, Magadan, Vologda region, the Chuvash Republic.
In the 5 years of implementation (2007-2011) Concept of Demographic Policy of the Russian Federation, the number of births has increased by 21.2%, the number of deaths decreased by 11.2%, wastage was reduced by 5.2 times. And the life expectancy was much higher. If in 2006 it was less than 67 years, in 2011 reached (Provisional) 70.3 years. This is the highest level for all the years of calculation of the indicator. Male life expectancy has increased by almost 4 years, women — for 3 years.