Dictionary offered IDEAFIX, in an accessible form promotes the formation of at least some militaristic peaceful citizen.
Abwehr (From it. "Abwher" — defense) — a body of German military intelligence and counterintelligence, which is in every way a dirty trick to enemies Germany and catching opponents that dirty trick to it. A. A consisted of departments — I, A — II, A — III and Division "Brandenburg's" and collaborated with the Department of RSHA IV E, consisting of subgroups IV E 1, IV E 2, IV E 3, IV E 4, IV E 5, IV E 6 VI A, VI In, VI B 1, VI B 2, VI B 3, VI C, VI D, VI E, VI F subgroups of the sixth control diabetes and even with a bunch of different numbers and letters. All these departments are not so much worked, how many dirty tricks at each other, leading to confusion and disorder, and Germany lost the war.
A. Employees usually are agents of hostile intelligence services. A. True officers wore a monocle.
Aerobomb — lethal projectiles that shed on the heads of enemies with the aircraft. During the First World War as A.-B. ate infantry grenades, nails and other junk. With the development of weapons to the 2nd World War A.-B. were divided into a huge number of classifications, ranging in weight from half a kilo to 11 tonnes (see Military Encyclopedia). But the latter are not able to raise any plane since. Because of helplessness industry instead of the German pilots had A.-B. reset leaky barrels that terrible howling, but do not know how to explode.
At the current time A.-B., gear systems and the satellite laser targeting, identification of "friend or foe" have a price a couple of times greater than the price bombarded object.
CROSSBOW — hybrid bow and gun. A. charged with massive lift, malehankih lift gates, kolestsa, block, goat feet (pied de biche) and the legs of the crossbowmen.
Arrow was fixed in a special groove and charged AA could swing as much as you want without fear of shots and even hit the opponent in the head. In a landfill medieval battle bow to do was impossible, and therefore A number of more severe and advanced weapon than the bow.
Hackbut — ancient, almost smooth plohostrelyayuschee heavy gun. To hit the target shot of A. executed at point-blank: A butt rests on the shoulder shooter, trunk rested on the chest of the enemy, and the special stand rested against the ground. With all of this enemy was necessary to politely ask how to take pictures, some time not to move until the wick is burning. A. After that, usually, a misfire occurred, and the right shot passed to the enemy.
Armet — spherical helmet of the medieval knight, covering the entire head and the neck of the zaplyuschenny. That knight could have and blow your nose, in particular A. done the little window. In battle, it is locked up slatted visor (see visor), and Knight became invulnerable, like a parrot in the box.
With the passage of time AG was replaced hundgugelem which thanks embarrassingly own name quickly spread throughout Western Europe.
Air balloon — balloon in the shape of a huge cucumber, which was attached a rope to the protected object. A. used to repel enemy aircraft, and so had to drop bombs on to something on the side, which was very uncomfortable. A. In most cases, raised above the towns, factories and ships convoys, unmasking them in the open sea. Since A. deterred and their fighter planes, they are very fond of hanging in the light antiaircraft searchlights and anti-aircraft cannonade.
Bagineti — bayonet, a special tube is inserted into the barrel of a musket. B. When inserted, fire a musket was impossible until such time as VB does not get stuck in the bones of the enemy, and does not release the trunk. In the heat of battle some have tried to shoot the misuse B., but the imperfection of muskets and weak black powder was not allowed to push BA from the trunk, and went through the entire charge of the bare hole right in the face unlucky hand.
Ballista — Throwing an old car, which is a contraption made of wood boards, gates, lived and ropes. According to the principle acts B. resembled a large crossbow on the machine (see Crossbow). Shot from B. languid sharpened logs in the principal fortifications. The trireme and elephants. BA applied the common people during their heyday.
Poleax — intricate curved battle-ax (glands) in the dinnoy handle, with which you can bash enemies by domes and cut their feet, not leaning out from behind his comrades. The intricate than is bent piece of metal that was called wiser B: ax, cleaver, Francis, halberd, gvizarma, govendak, etc. After the invention of firearms, when the bullets started flying at a distance of a little more than the most longish Ucka B. lost its relevance.
BATTLE (Eg Poltava) — open armed clash of opposing sides. Depending on the results received BA in history different name. For example: the barrage (at Valmy), Battle (Peoples), scramble (Sinop), the defeat (near Moscow), slaughter (Ice), slaughter (Bayonne), and even — Grinder (Verdun). The fighters, survivors of the B. adored disparagingly call it "business" (for example, the case when Valutina mountain). B. does not matter, probably could be considered once all other fighters.
Bombard — is the first gun (XIV c). They are made of steel strips and covers for durability hoops. B. hardly fired stone balls, was massive, and it took about an hour loading. B. Cause in battle against the enemy provided more of a psychological impact, if inflict real damage. Due to technical defects, during the shot B. In most cases, a horrible roar exploded herself and hit your account. This raised a nightmare for opponents and forced them to surrender.
BATTLESHIP — a large military ship late XIX — early XX century. the highest pipes carrying the thick armor and a lot of great, medium and small guns. Equipped with reliable fire suppression systems and bulkheads providing unsinkable B. The presence of such a harsh ships in the Navy determined the power of naval power. The only rebellious B. could scare even the king. B. adored swim principal admirals. Mark B. recessed during the Russian-Japanese War (1904-1905 gg.), Then they no longer wished to build
Supply train — strengthening of inter-linked carts a military convoy transporting property, food, vodka, ladies and kids, accompanied by the army, which housed the rectangle, circle or semi-circle. The soldiers, fighting for their food and vodka, defended V. with particular tenacity. Because not only a manifestation of the martial art and the courage there were higher ability to roll a cart with mountains set on fire right on W. attacking enemy.
VARVARY — feral mob that attacked the Romans from all sides. During the so-called. "Migrations" V. odvukon went into battle, with rams, arbami, wives and babies behind. B. ability to make some who know the Roman gold and ladies, corrupt, began to serve Rome and wage war on other B. The Romans were glad this was divided and reigned. B. dominion did not know how, and divided the fine. In the end, they split the Roman Empire into East and West, who immediately began to wage war together.
VAHTPARAD — Divorce guards in XVIII — early. XIX centuries. B. Before long the men scraped belts of ammunition "swine clove", greased wigs fat, flour, was removed from the rats and their boots were tanned, so they do not bend at the knees. Each fighter in the east had to be loose, have a gun for voicing when the rifle receptions. Later, officers were beaten fighter stick and bred by part of the guard,
as part of a system.
Orders (Latin velites) — lightly armed foot soldiers of the Roman legions. B. fought virtually naked, with one dart in his hand, much to distract and annoy opponents. Then, to hide behind, VA received a small shield and a small blade. In the II century BC. e. in connection with the unification of weapons B. were canceled in conjunction with the more decently dressed gastatami, principles, and triaryl, then the legion in battle had to rely only on the coordinated interaction of tactical units: the manipulation and cohorts.
FORK BATTLE 1) Mower (fauchart) — pronged weapon on a pole with a hooked ax at the edges, which can be stabbing and slashing and pulling off the hook riders with horses. Medieval German craftsmen managed to mount a spring mechanism B., B. turns to dezarsonner (desarconners) — mites, which could trap the enemy all the projecting part of the body, and later to wind and drag him for this part as much as necessary.
2) Triad — the favorite tool of the peasant militias and guerrillas. So in 1812, Earl F. Rastopchin recommended to raise the ordinary people in the east of the French, who were "not harder Arzhanov sheaf."
PRISONERS — unarmed men who live in the rear of the enemy to a greater extent in special camps. There they were all pushed into the neck and poorly fed. In ancient times, V., not to feed or immediately killed and eaten themselves, or sent into slavery. In more recent times became V. exchange or redeem. When the army began bolshennymi, V. heavily recruited many and funds for their ransom is not enough. Then fate dealt V. International Reddish Cross and animals from the camp guard. At the end of the war in. vorachivayutsya home, where they are also being pushed into the neck, because while all fought wars, they holed up for a cozy Stitching wire. To avoid all these problems, B. sometimes arrange shoots.
GAS — sector. Posted in the Middle East in the River Jordan. The only place in the world where the atmosphere is always tense (Egyptian conquest, the Roman conquest, Jewish War, Arab conquests, the Crusades, the Ottoman conquest, colonial wars, etc.) In 1948, after the establishment of Israel to resolve the never-ending conflict, the situation in G. sector has become even more intense.
GAZA Poisons — foul air, which allowed the warring armies against each other. In ancient times GO came from the shit and rotting corpses thrown into the besieged fortress. In more recent times (1915 — 1918 gg.) Used for this purpose a pair of chlorine, mustard gas and the rest of the stench from which the men were crying, coughing, puking and choking to death. After the invention of the mask were made by the new GO, from which the fighters crimson, chenille, blackened, covered with pimples and scratched themselves to death. Related to the Chemical Weapons Convention, GO banned everywhere and therefore always use stealth. For example, against the Ethiopians in 1936.
GANDLANGERY (From it. "Handlanger" — long-armed) — numbers of artillery calculations that serve as assistants in the XVII — XIX centuries. Unlike G. Gunners were not supposed to know the rules of loading and firing, but they were not to disturb anyone, anywhere to keep up: planish gun after the shot, bring charges, trunk roll carriage using "gay" to traverse and carry guns for a in the case of the death of horses. As a result, Mr. stretched very longish arms, which they skillfully fought off by the incident cavalry. In the event that Mr. coming off the arm, he stopped them to be and become invalid (see Disabilities).
GUARDS — selective, elite troops, battle-hardened and consisting of the best fighter, the most experienced officers, careerists, schemers, plotters, winners, rich, duelists, bully, or handsome men. Being a "favorite toy monarchs," G. avail various benefits directly to that overthrew the monarchs from their thrones, and seated on them who or whatever is handy. G. was a pillar of the regime until such time as the regime was aware of the benefits of a good judge. In the Russian army advance guard assigned a rank of rocket artillery batteries, even to its own destruction, they do not have time to do any of the 1st volley.
GENERALISSIMO — highest military rank that anyone ever appropriated. It is this uniqueness that G. did not even invented shoulder straps, etc. insignia. It is believed that all of them need to know in person. G. was perfect, as none of them military command could not, and they could steal from the treasury (AD Menshikov), yelling and stomping their feet cock even Marshals (A. Jackson), to force them to do push-ups, calculated on a "first — second" or sent to Solovki (Stalin). In the history of all peoples have accumulated less than 30 pieces of G.
Grenadier — tall mustached men started for throwing grenades (Grenada) in the era prior to the invention. G. Then just reincarnated into a heavy infantry. In the Russian army, G., usually worn triangular shields of polished copper, granted to them for their courage in battle. In Germany during the second world war from the Volkssturm formed the so-called division. "People Grenadiers", which consists of the male population aged 15 to 65 years old, suffering from tuberculosis and hemorrhoids.
DIVERSION — a method of warfare. Previously D. was sudden incursions of the besieged fortress siege to destroy buildings, sleep saps, damage and theft of entrenching tools. Later D. was called demonstrative walking auxiliary troops back and forth along the enemy's communications or boundaries. These teams struggled rattled tool, written in the newspapers about his own invincibility and otherwise distract from the true enemy of war. In the upcoming D. became known as the undermining of bridges, igniting warehouses, poisoning wells, sniping, wrecking headquarters and other little mischief
DYNAMITE — explosive material of nitroglycerin, which promotes the development of mining and geological and used in the war. All military are very happy when the projectile, bomb D., explodes in the midst of enemies, and in the air flying severed limbs and human entrails. Catapult on such performance could only dream. Many believe that the invention belongs to D. Nobel Peace Prize Alfred Nobel, but our historians failed to substantiate that David was made a colonel of the Russian army VF Petrushevski in 1863.
ARMOR — top odezhka medieval warriors, forged of iron. Full D. consisted of a helmet, Barmitsa, abdominal band, hip, nalyadvennikov, gloves, scales and other podmyshkovyh screws, hinges, hooks and spears tubes feathers. D. These cost a whole herd of cattle and weighed about the same. Because let them out for yourself could only true knights, who wore D. since birth. In Russia, where the little princes in the villages fought together in more of a "wall to wall", using all this zasapozhnye knives, found the use of lightweight D. — we, the public kuyak.
DOT (Continuous firing point) — a small house with no windows and doors with a hole in the wall (porthole), which protrudes through the barrel of the gun. Wall thickness of the DA were such that the inside can be quiet sleep, even if the bomb blew up outside (see aerial bombs). D. kill could only put his gun barrel into recess outside, dropping to her gases (see toxic gases), or closing the self-feeding. D. Because in most cases, did not direct attention, and avoid them.
Dragoon — kind of troops fighting on foot and on horseback moving. D. were wearing half as horsemen, half — as infantrymen. Later DA could fight and on horseback, and move — on foot, able to move and fight on foot part, but a part of — in the horse. On the contrary. So Makarov, D. all the time like jerk and because they were christened D. Because of the constant exercise on a stallion, D. were very strong opponents,
and to beg. The nineteenth century just turned into the most common type of cavalry.
Bat (People's War) — a common but powerful general tool that is contrary to the rules of civilized warfare was rising and sinking up to such time as the living there was not the 1st enemy. Particularly extensive distribution D. n. in. received in Russia in 1812, the year after that and was sung by former artillery officer Leo Tolstoy. In Asia, as DN in. used beech sticks. They are brave people of Vietnam for 40 years (from 1939 to 1979-th years.) Triumphantly beat the Japanese invaders, the French colonialists, the Chinese aggressors and South American strategic bombers "B — 52".
"UNICORN" — gun, the barrel of which was a picture of a horse with a horn on his forehead. The same horse was the emblem of the general feldtseyhmeystera Count Shuvalov, who commanded the midst of all E. XVIII century. With this image, E., unlike ordinary guns could lead hanging fire, shoot from behind the mound, and even over the heads of their own fighter at a distance of 2 km. In 1805, a horse with a horn has been removed from the trunk, so that the E. evenly reincarnated into everyday howitzer with a range of up to 30 km.
Gamekeeper — small, agile and nimble fighters of the era of flintlock guns, accustomed to act in skirmishing. They are very fond of the pairs hiding behind clumps, bushes and stones and carry out accurate rifle fire. E. While one of the couples shot, the other — charged, and later they changed places. In the event of an attack enemy cavalry, such a pair always been able to line up in a square. Later E. become a kind of low-infantry, which grenadiers (see Grenadiers) called "flea team."
HEDGEHOG ANTITANK — nezamudrenaya construction of three pieces of rails that are welded together to form a shaped as letters "g", which side do not look at it. When people came bottom of the tank to that of J-shaped E, then with anger could only scrape dirt tracks, not having the ability to move on. Pressed harder than the tank on E, the stronger he rested on the bottom. Because the crew often had to walk in front of the tank, so just right to remove E from the road.
Sled Dog — civilian men, who during the war served in the army of coachmen. They were promised an easy service, too — wine and women in the event of fortune in battle. It fostered a sense of their military duty. But in case of trouble such freelance E. sense of duty to lose, did not want to die, and fled from the battlefield to the state-owned carts. An army without carts wage war renounces war and losing. Later E. steel add to the staff of units so that they could fight entrusted to them hatchets, and so that they could be killed as a real fighter.
JERMAK (T.) — Cossack criminal past and the famous conqueror of Siberia in the XVI century. He fought with savage hordes of Asian Kuchum Khan, scaring their firearms. E. usually depicted with a heavy ax in his hand, which he cut through the path in the forest and hew new border posts of the Russian realm. In an ambush in 1585, EA tried to escape and drowned in the river Irtysh. After almost 350 years, a feat repeated his divisional commander of the Red Army's VI Chapaev.
Lance-corporal — First rank after rank of Private in the form of a "snot" on the shoulder straps. E. assigned a rank for the difference in time of the current title sluzhbe.V E. in most armies of the world, or canceled, or devalued, and is considered demeaning, even in the middle of his comrades-in-arms. (Ex: "It is better to have a daughter muddled than the offspring of Corporal.")
Jacquerie — farmers' War in France in the middle of the XIV century. All the French knights in those days was called Philip, and John Karlen good and they were the Hundred Years War with the British. Farmers to the war were not allowed, but only took away their food money, women and archers. To reverse it all away they started their war. Because all farmers were simpletons and simplicity were named Jacques, the war and received the title of J. The only farmer, whose name was William Kahl, became their leader, and even then it immediately destroyed near Mello. After that, Jean began to decline, and the Hundred Years' War continued without hindrance.
Gendarmerie — first elite unit that does not allow vneustavnyh excesses before the eyes of the monarch (eg the gendarmes of Charles VII, or the Napoleonic Gendarmerie d'elite — "The Gendarmerie and the protection of property imeratora"). In the upcoming Jean became a field, and together with the police and courts-martial followed the discipline in a combat zone. J. engaged in catching deserters and looters and hung them along the road with planks on his chest, which made pesky labels (eg, "I stole two chickens" or "I was terrified Russian tanks," or simply, "Guerrilla").
Train (RAIL) ARTILLERY — big guns, which would have failed without the rails through the ground under its own weight. From time to time, that did not cave rails, making a special railway canvas. The presence of such artillery meant the triumph of military engineering and served as a guarantee of invincibility of the country. Shells railway A. flew far and long. When they explode, a special steam train (conveyor) has already managed to take away guns in non-hazardous location. Because they are almost egged, and in the main seized as booty after the defeat of the invincible countries (eg Germany in 1918, France in 1940, Germany in 1945, and so on).
Mouth — the hole in the barrel through which a force spews fire and destruction. Jean is ultimately boring bore. We malehankih guns (pistols, shotguns) J. malehankih, and the vast (mortars, cannons) — huge. With each shot, J. barrel breaks in more and more and it has to change. The more it was Jean, the more often had to change the trunks. Hugest J. 890 mm diameter drill succeeded Andrew Chokhov in Tsar Cannon in 1586, the year, but the shot of her and did not have to, because interchangeable barrels such caliber was no more.
ANIMALS — fauna, at all times, inhumane and no residue used for military purposes. J. Wool was at the ready and ammunition sheepskin, leather — for boots and belts, grease — the soap, the bones — for arrowheads and Drug Administration, the meat — stew on dry rations, milk — milk for the wounded. Specifically in the fighting horses used (for mobility), dogs (for torment the enemy, find mines and Border Protection), elephants (for trampling enemy orders), donkeys and mules (to supply troops in the mountains), camels and deer (to act in desert and tundra), pigeons (for communication), dolphins (for espionage and sabotage of the sea), tropical bugs (for ultrasonic squeak when it detects a person), etc. In ancient times, ran into the enemy saps crocodiles and poisonous snakes, but for the ancient army Jean drove herds of goats and sheep to please the needs of sexy warriors. Every footballer could do with a goat coitus, and then eat it. Later J. changed columns prostitutes under the command of a special "sergeant whores" ("Hurenweibel").
Magazine — 1) Fighting. A thick book that will hold the glorious path of a military unit, the battles in which it participated, the description of the burned villages Fri, also recorded all the heroes and traitors of this part of the description of their actions.
2) The officer of the watch. Thick notebook on ships and naval fleets, which during the war, the officer on duty every minute records everything that's going on. In J. logged a clear time of detection of the enemy, the tide of battle, getting hit, the formation of holes, the occurrence of fires, and the coordinates of the death of the ship. In the latter case, J. permitted to attribute last greeting relatives and friends of the off
icer on duty, curse enemies, confidence in the ultimate victory of the motherland, and several neprelichnyh words.
Pick up — horrible steel mask, which in the lowered position defended by the knight blow between the eyes. Conscientious and generous knights preferred to go to battle with a raised Z., and because of kutsee time they were killed or declared insane (eg, Don Quixote). Thereafter Europe for centuries was dominated by the Knights of coarse, ignorant and swaggering that never wash their hands before meals and "vengeance exercised the first marriage night."
Detachments — a special unit, which, together with the enemy leads his troops to fire on, which gives the latest rage in the coming resistance and defense. Troops to fire on their Z.-O. strictly forbidden, and therefore a similar desire was transformed into a patriotic impulse (eg, "Not one step back!" and "Great is our homeland, and nowhere to retreat: the back — detachments").
Volley-fire — simultaneous shot of all in a row (bows, guns or cannons), so even then, yes nibudt Hit. Thanks to its own grouping in the era of single-shot guns Z.. tried to portray gun. Usually, Z. about. very frighten opponents and forced them to think: is it worth to continue to fight? In particular, extensive spread of Z.. received in salute and executions.
AMBUSH — a hidden place from which at one point popping enemies or flying stones, arrows, and grenades. Hobby partisans (see the Partisans). Z. organized to promote retention, taking prisoners, and the indiscriminate destruction of all fallen into ZZ easy to recognize by one point in a fallen pine trees across the road or under the wheels of exploding mines (see Mina).
Atrocity — wide-spread offense during the fighting that characterized the last brutality, violence and other outrages. Z. implemented according to the principle talione: "an eye for an eye", "a tooth for a tooth", "Z. for C "and justified the basic laws of war," everybody loves a winner "and" woe to the vanquished. " More ruthless H. Stalling the vanquished. In addition, the winning party, which is not judged, not only expresses numerous Z. defeated, and assigns it its own Z. (eg Katyn disaster) that serves as a justification for the subsequent Z.
WINTER (General. In ancient times — Claus-governor) — not once headed the Russian forces in the critical moments of the country's defense. Gen. H. freezing oil in the engines of enemy military equipment and lubrication of enemy's automatic weapons, and forced the enemy fighter wrap myself up in the ladies' scarves, boots and straw hiding in the burning huts. After the victory over the enemy awards Gen. H. usually belittled, and began to play crucial strategic talents of Field Marshal Kutuzov and organizing role of the Communist Party.
TREASON — terrible act aimed at the destruction of their own their own troops with military willful disclosure of puzzles, or sabotage the revolution. I. usually occur in the headquarters and are divided into IA or ideological judgments, or as a result of recruitment agents of enemy intelligence. In the latter case, despicable apostate become heroic residents and end their life on the gallows.
DISABLED — fighters, who miraculously survived after 25 years of perfect service and vahtparadov (see Vahtparad) and having lost part of their bodies in the fields of countless battles. I. united in special teams and performed garrison service in the dusty towns where the raised barriers, making kids wood whistles and kicked him with their dentures recruits during their training.
Corps of engineers — special forces, who are building something that all the other troops in the war trying to damage (roads, bridges, ferries, fortifications (see Fortification), and so forth). Because it is easier to destroy more and more romantic than a building, the service in the IM to. considered to be undervalued and boring (eg, "lying in the road construction battalion of soldier. not killed by a bullet — zae … shovel.). Earlier in the fighter IV. armed with axes, dressed up in leather aprons and called names pioneers. At the current time in service to the AI. is the most shovel and the highest percentage of vneustavnyh relations.
Infantry (From Italian. "Infanteria" — young people) — obvious infantry, not betrothed in Russian. Napoleon I. spoke French with a Corsican accent — "enfanterie" which meant — The kids. Infantry, indeed, has always looked grubby rebyatney (infanteria) compared with horsemen, who were real gentlemen (cavaliere) (see Cavalry). Fashion for AI in Russia have foreign officers at the time of the reforms of Peter I, when the shouting in Russian, each with its own emphasis: "Guys, umrom for batushku scratching" Despite the fact that most of the Marines were very elderly, young generals also treated them fairly frivolous in Napoleonic: "Guys, do not disgrace the fatherland!" Later came the soldiers' marching song of MI in the Russian version of "Soldiers, Bravo lads …"
Irregulars PARTS — military formations XVII — XIX centuries., did not recognize the statutes, and those which cause a nightmare for single enemy soldier (eg, the Cossacks), on the civilian population (eg, Kalmyks) and at the command of their own (eg, men) (see Guerrillas ). I. h is very fond of acting out of an ambush (see Ambush), to pursue the fleeing enemy, hack surrendering enemies and loot their baggage. In an open battle I. different parts of unreliability, and in a campaign — looting (see Marauders). Usually, boasted its own daring and composed legends themselves about themselves.
FIGHTERS — enemy aircraft, which are crushed at first, in order to gain air superiority. If this can not be done immediately after the war, the enemy AI enemies will develop rapidly in the modifications. They begin to fly very far (far IM), all intercept (I. interceptors) and all bombard (MI-bombers). To destroy I. also used I.
Cavalry (From Italian. "Cavaliere" — a man sitting astride a horse), she's cavalry — branch of service, forced to ride horses, because in the dismounted cavalry were confused in their own spurs, broadsword, peaks Tashkil, cartouche, sashes , stumbled and fell. K. daring assaults could knock the enemy, and all the faster gallop case of a trouble, and therefore always the elite troops. Even junk loot K. drove in a special bag for the seat, and in the case of hunger could eat their own horses. During the First World War, all brought to the field K. fights, hobbled Stitching wire and machine-gunned. Last Horseman was crushed by a tank of the Wehrmacht in Poland in 1939, then K applied in a limited number of raids on enemy infirmaries and a fuel depot.
CAPITULATION — unfortunate end the resistance. Usually accompanied by a show of pure white flag. K is 2 kinds, honorable and shameful. When the honorable K. possible with the gun, with flags flying and drums beating, laughing, go through the operation of opponents, and the next day again on their poruha. If need be ashamed of K. combine all into a giant cannon pile, point the finger at their own officers and raising his hands, expect the beginning of atrocities (see Atrocities) from the favorites. Slander conditions atrocities in all of this is prohibited because such unquestioning called K.
Kartechnitsa or mitrailleuse (From the French. "Mitrailleuse") — contraption on wheels the second half of the XIX century., Which is a mixture of a large grinder with multi-barreled gun. K. intended for firing bursts of speed means a special pen. Faster than the shooter turned the handle, the faster fired AK, but it was more than the opponents, the faster the arrows tired, and K. began to shoot at the dueling pistol. Because
K. applied only in moderate amounts during the Franco-Prussian War, 1870-71., Russian-Turkish War of 1877-78. and in several American Westerns. After the invention of the machine gun, K. sold militant colonies, such as China, Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt.
WEDGE — special construction of a medieval army to attack in order to break through the enemy's formation. Ahead K. was the hardest and bravest knight with heavy arms and lowered visor (see the visor). His pushed in the back two knights, armed easier, followed by four knights weaker, etc. The base and mid K. was a rabble of any scum and scoundrels who do not even have enough money for a solid ax. Net K. commonly called ominously "boar's head" and the enemy dismissive — "pig".
Cohorts — division in the Roman legions (see Legion) of 500-600 ancient triarii, principles and gastatov. By separating K. Romans could operate on rough terrain, in the crowded city streets and triumph over unorganized masses of the enemy. Later to become K. wriggle different bastard that has no relationship to the victorious legionaries. For example. "Cohort of writers" or "cohort irreconcilable opposition" or "close-knit cohort of fighters for peace", which in itself is nonsense.
Mail — Steel fabric of Eastern origin, from small riveted rings. K. of skilled workers in various odezhku for the Knights: shirts (Baydaev), shirts (yushmany (see Yushman)) skirts (skirts), stockings (nagavitsy), scarves, handkerchiefs and veil (Barmitsa). That harsh warriors were not like tarts in underwear, K. began to hang steel metal plates, boards and plates, which led to the emergence of armor (see Armor).
BOAT (Later the galley or skampaveya) — Large wood boat, with which the Russian vigilantes just made forays to the Byzantine Empire in the tenth century. If the raid was carried out on the river, then the terrorists were inside, L., rowing oars, waving grappling hooks and tried to put out the so-called. "Greek fire" (see flamethrower). If the river were covered by special chains and inaccessible to shipping, the LA were outside the vigilantes and trudged through forests and steppes of the portage, which caused the enemy by surprise and awe. This technique has remained effective for over 800 years right up to 1714 (eg Gangut fight).
Lansquenet (German for "Landsknecht") — gross wage fighters Late Medieval era. Since the LA fought for money, very soon became Professor murderers, and war was their job. At a delay of wages and wage war renounces could go over to the enemy. In his spare time, LA robbed and killed civilians quite gratuitously, than not enough different from marauders (see Marauders). The positive side of life can be called L. drunkenness and rape. Because the paintings of LS usually depicted with battered faces and tremendous codpiece.
LEGION (From the Latin. "Ligio" — select) — the basic combat unit of the ancient Roman army 4500 — 6000. Consisted of cohorts (see Cohort), the manipulation and Centuries. Such men of invincible. A pair of LA could take Egypt, and half a dozen — all of Gaul, France and Britain. When in Rome plainclothes war began, the undefeated LA had tight, because they were obliged to fight together. Reduction of the evil forces on the model of the Roman army in LA very frightened Jews and Christians (eg, "My name is Legion, for we are many …" in March. 5, 9).
Lend-lease (From the English. "Lend" — take vzaem and "lease" — to rent) — U.S. law, according to which the Americans sitting at the ocean, passed his gun and money to other states, so they better have fought wars. When the country is quite depleted in the war, the gun at them to take away, or charge a fee for it. After the second World War, the USSR L.-L. did not return and did not pay, saying that the whole stew eaten, South American tanks — junk, aluminum is still needed for the new aircraft, and gold paid for the delivery by L.-L., drowned as the supply for LS-L . in convoy PQ-17. Americans took offense and started a cool war (see Cool War).
"Pineapple" — Hand grenade defensive actions. At the mid-range shot on LA 40 meters, fragment distribution was up to 200 meters, which is dangerous to himself the defender. Because it is best to blow L. was in the room, dugout or other enclosed area. LA got his title for a specific form, but because of the cuts on the body it would be more correct to refer to "ananaskoy."
LINEAR Strategy — favorite method of fighting the glorified warlords of the XVIII century. When LA so the whole army soldiers line up and open fire salvo (see Salvo fire). If the army is built in a bunch, the back rows, so hit him at first had to shoot the front, and a number of bad construction. In those days, a good fighter was automatic, set over the musket, which was afraid of his own officers more than the enemy. To do this during a fight behind the band ran its own officers and banged fighter spontoon (see spontoon), so they fired as many muskets. But no one, even the most downtrodden, the fighter could not be finished with more than one musket, so that LA will soon become obsolete.
Propose to continue in the same style …