Measures taken by the Ukrainian authorities to temporarily halt the spread of African swine fever (ASF) in Ukraine, but the virus has taken a strong position in the Caucasus and threaten neighboring territories, said the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
"In addition to the other regions of Ukraine nearest countries such as Moldova, Kazakhstan and Latvia, which are bred in the household or the family farm a large number of pigs and have the very low level of biological protection, are also at increased risk of infection," — said in a release.
In this regard, national and local authorities in the region should strengthen measures to prevent the disease, and should be ready for retaliation in the event of new outbreaks, said FAO's chief veterinary expert Juan Lubroth was quoted as saying in the release.
"This may be the first in a series of emerging epidemics, according to our analysis of the disease," — said Lubroth, adding that all the countries that are in the risk zone, must be prepared to detect outbreaks of ASF in its infancy and rapid response.
The expert noted that Ukraine is to respond quickly to reports of the appearance of the disease — implementing health measures, destroying infected pigs and establishing quarantine zone around the villages, which are centers of epidemics. Even more important, the expert said, is the fact that Ukraine is paying farmers compensation for culling and proper disposal of infected pigs to poor families, food, and income depend on the pig are not left devastated by the loss of pigs.
The report by FAO are the rules that must be followed in an emergency flare APS: first of all, do not feed the animal products that could potentially be contaminated.
"FAO is constantly recommends the strict ban on the feeding of food waste, when different food residues and wastes fed domestic pigs in a mixture of liquid and solid products. Studies FAO ASF in Russia show that as a result of feeding food waste is 97% of new cases of domestic swine . farmyards where divorce is 34% of all domestic pigs are usually infected in the first place, and then transmit the virus to petty commodity production and, ultimately, industrial farms, "- said in a statement.
At the same time, the report says, bans on feeding food waste can be difficult to put into context of limited resources, in which the feeding of food waste is a low-cost option of feeding pigs.
Rosselkhoznadzor August 20, warned that further spread of African swine fever in the wild in Russia threatens epizootic security of Ukraine, Belarus and the European Union.
African swine fever (disease Montgomery) was first recorded in 1903 in South Africa. Under natural conditions, are susceptible to domestic and wild pigs. Infection occurs through contact with sick animals healthy. The disease poses no threat to human health, but extremely dangerous for the animal, since no cure and vaccine. Stop the spread of the virus can only be rigid quarantine.
According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) in 2011 to 300 000 pigs died or were slaughtered by the epidemic of ASF in Russia, causing economic losses of about $ 240 million.