Russian specialists were the first to come close to creating a true artificial intelligence
LONDON, August 22. / Correspondent. ITAR-TASS Makarchev /. Russian specialists were the first to come close to creating a computer program, which is a genuine artificial intelligence.
They developed the program, which was called "Eugene", won the held in England international scientific competition cybernetic intelligence, not to reach only 0.8 percent in order to pass the famous Turing test.
The famous British mathematician Alan Turing, who laid the foundations of modern computer technology, written in 1950, the article "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" offered a test to determine the intellectual level and nature of intelligence computer. In its course, the examiners asked the two interlocutors secret any questions. Then they need to determine who is a person of the interlocutors, and who — a machine.
In this case, Turing gave a formula for determining the boundary where the artificial intelligence reaches the level of the human race. According to his findings, if the machine is able to "trick" the auditors in response to 30 percent of the questions, then she "has artificial intelligence."
Such an approach has been recognized by the world science reference and all the latest "intelligent" computer programs were subjected to this test. Until this summer, people could easily identify with anyone during the test, he carries on a conversation — with a person or machine.
However, a few weeks ago for the first time in nearly five decades, scientists have come close to creating artificial intelligence that can think like people. And it was possible to make the Russian research group.
Held at the end of last June under the auspices of English at the University of Reading Competition, which was held in the famous main center the encryption of the Second World War, Britain — Bletchley Park, the Russians presented the program "Eugene." A total of five tests involved the latest programs. "Eugene" was the winner, having failed in 29.2 percent of their responses to enter the examiners in confusion about its nature.
Thus, the program is not reached in just 0.8 percent in order to proclaim the coming of a new era — the emergence of artificial intelligence.
"The level of development of modern computers is very close to the line, breaking that, they will become the owner of AI and human opponents," — notes in this regard the London newspaper "Daily Telegraph".
As pointed out in this connection, one of the leading experts in the field of artificial intelligence, who is the director of the Center for Cognitive Studies at Tufts University American philosopher Daniel Dennett, "there are no obstacles in order to create a similar robot man."