Slutskoe uprising and Poland — is there a connection?

Slutskoe uprising is perhaps the most diverse issue in the development of the Russian state. There is diametrically reverse historical assessment of events in 1920 on the ground of Belarus. In the 30s, is now recognized as the years of repression and killings, were convicted and executed virtually all returnees participating State of the liberation movement of Belarus. Judge about the incident only on the surviving remains in people's memory of facts and evidence of the shootings cases. In the middle of the abundance of views, there are three main points of view on Slutskoe rebellion.

Russian interpretation of events is to ensure that after the Russian-Polish war in the countryside activated Belorussian work various agitators. The goal of their work was to initiate a rebellion by criminal structures, the introduction of anti-Soviet sentiment in the interests of the nobility. Funding performances conducted as Poland's secret services are also dependent organization calling itself the Government of the Democratic Republic of Belarus, located in Warsaw. Now this statement is called into swing, but during the investigation it was accepted almost as a result. The Polish side has focused attention on the development of its non-intervention in the uprising, also Tipo volunteer troop withdrawal from the occupied territories in accordance with the Riga peace treaty. But we are more interested in the version of the Belarusians themselves. Its a long time it was almost impossible to hear, but after the fall of the USSR historical truth, was lit by researchers with the very latest party.

12 October 1920 languid two warring parties finally signed a peace treaty in Riga. In accordance with its criteria of Belarus was split into two parts. One of them was the Byelorussian SSR, and the other was a part of Poland. Freedom and independence of the Belarusian representatives of 2-powers did not even think. Behavior like that, and the other parties to the contract are fully understood, much of Belarus is covered tenderloin lands on which they live hereditary agricultural producers. In Russian Byelorussian SSR period called the breadbasket of the Union, there grew a significant part of cereal and vegetable crops. Grant Kosovo independence meant to deprive yourself of the ability to use the resources. In addition, either party knew that if left outside its own strength, even a small area, the other immediately it occupies.

But the population of the country, torn by mutual robberies and violent crimes armies, did not experience any special sympathy to the Polish invaders, nor to Russian dictatorship. The Bolsheviks during the war years recruited into the ranks of the Red Army all males capable of beating. Council representatives are not reasons to motivate farmers of the need to work the land and feed the family. Sluggish from bloodshed farmers lusted over act they did not understand the struggle for popular power, yes and build on their own land power-hungry Catholics they also do not want to. To be more exact, farmers lusted no municipal sovereignty as such, and the calm and peace, which they thought could be achieved only by the formation of a free and independent Belarus.

Highest Contracting Parties in Riga led the line separating Belarus Makar ran so that Slutsky County, which later became the spiritual center of the uprising, had to enter into the Russian Belarus. Right section of the country has risen National movement. More precise idea of the state independence was born in the period of the Polish-Soviet confrontation, but turned into open statements only after the end of hostilities. In the autumn of anti-Soviet and anti-Polish "explosions" began in Minsk and Borisov counties. On the non-partisan meetings were decisions on the development of the armed groups and their proclaimed goal of liberation.

Center of the movement was the city Sluck. Instigators of the rebellion found themselves both monetary and political and military support, but a proposal by representatives of Poland to move under their sovereignty and the protection does not suit many. It is recognized that some truth in the accusations of Governors uprising in cooperation with the Poles still available. The rise of the state of mind of farmers artfully government enjoyed the Belarusian People's Republic. The rebels have been focused assurance assistance as objects of state symbols: the red-and-white flag and coat of arms. In fact, as a republic was not, but the presence of some manifestation of state power was simply to move. Finding the government in Warsaw has given ground to the Bolsheviks claim that the uprising is not public, and decisions taken by the committees can not be considered folk. Against the rebel troops of the Red Army were made.

Facilitate the dissemination of thoughts of state sovereignty as anti-Soviet sentiment in the middle of the rich peasants and merchants, which in this region was even greater than in the central part of Russia. The concentration of the kulaks, the Red Army and held runaway urban residents, including owners of manufactories seriously ruin and feared execution after final approval of the rule of the proletariat, made fertile ground for the development of the movement. People remember the great practice of requisitioning and understand that new visits troops to seize food production could resume.

The leaders of the liberation movements were not unanimous in their own eyes on the future of the country. Some were inclined to cooperate with Poland and one of the military commanders of Bulak-Balakhovich. Others pointed to the need for negotiations with the Bolsheviks, and others were of utopian thought about the ability of the creation of a fully independent state, as opposed Poland and the Soviets. The contradictions manifested in the period of rebellion and eventually became the basic premise of the defeat of the rebels.

In Slutsky county vigorously acted Polish agitators, to convince people to express their own desire to pass under the sovereignty of Poland. The most energetic arrested and betrayed Russian authorities. Despite the dissatisfaction of ordinary Belarusians Bolsheviks, Poles, they were afraid of not less because of various kinds of agitation took usually belligerently.

It should be said about such a favorite of movement as Vladimir Prokulevich, which most have tried to accuse of having links with Poland. For political conviction that man was a Social Revolutionary, had a law degree. On the identity of clear hard enough, only in 1995, Vladimir Mikhnyuk admitted to a multi-volume study of the criminal case on the Union of Liberation of Belarus. Documents relating to the accused Prokulevich was quite small. All documents drawn up by the views of the researcher, in advance and with a purpose were signed by the accused. But we are not interested in false accusation, and the few biographical data, which were recorded in it.

Vladimir was born on 2 December 1887 in Minsk province in the family of a local secretary. Prior to 1910 he held the views of the Mensheviks, and after he joined the Socialist-Revolutionaries. Before the revolution of 1917 — the first and after a while it Prokulevich worked as a judge. In accordance with the case from 1920 right up to 1923 participated in the counter-revolutionary rebellion Slutsky, and after hiding from the court in exile. After a quick investigation, Prokulevich sent to Perm for 5 years, but in 1938 he was still shot.

Prokulevich was the head of the rebels elected parliament. His duties included making decisions together with a further seventeen members of the defense and the organization of the control region. Particularly pleased after own elect
ion in November 1920, announced a general mobilization. Until this day or not established exactly what was Poland's role in the activities of the rebel government. Some say that all funding uprising was made by the Poles, others, including a notable scholar and historian Stuzhinskaya insist that the support provided from Warsaw more verbally. Modern makers considered the main source of funding for the rebels rich Belarusians, sacrificed to the needs of the liberation groups virtually his entire fortune.

The command of the rebel forces was entrusted to Captain Peter Mew, who was arrested later by his colleagues on suspicion of treason. National liberation militia consisted of just 2-regiments, which were headed by Gavrilovic and Antsypovich. Despite the support of the population, orders were weak and disorganized, and a hell of arms was missing. Yet, at first fortune was on the side of the rebels. In almost all of their gains were associated with compassion soldier of the Red Army, the rebels also neobmyslennymi actions of the Russian Command.

The Bolsheviks soon found a solution and sent troops against the Chinese and Belarusian Tatars (international connections) do not experience the fraternal emotion to the enemy. The forces were unequal, but the main premise of the defeat were the conflicts in the manual. The fact that the military command of the need to adhere to the appeal for support to the Bulak-Balakhovich, while most of the members are elected by Parliament shall be removed from such solutions. Contradictions soon have gained their own climax and resulted in a series of arrests and executions. And without that not enough organized detachments were deprived professor of management, ammunition ran out, there were the first victims. In addition to the epidemic of typhus. 28 December on the river Moroch remaining warriors announced the cessation of hostilities and a peace agreement with the Soviets. Part of the rebels fought with Russian authorities under the command of Makhno, another part returned to their homes. Virtually every member of the rebellion, especially favorites were tried, and in the late 30's executed.

Now Slutskoe rebellion considered in Belarus as the first manifestation of the struggle for independent government. Governors of the liberation movement and its rank and file members are heroes, and about Poland's role in this historic event, prefer not to remember. In this case, the modern "democrats" intensively take the opportunity to once again condemn the Soviet regime disgrace, and to convince the Bolsheviks in an effort to seize by force areas. But it is almost all in their reasoning confuses. The main event and remains covered by lurking, and specifically the role of the nobility in the uprising.

Like this post? Please share to your friends: