Call of Kotovskogo region Volgograd region of the honored worker of culture of Russia, Vasily Krutskevicha, made haste to gather in the street. It was about the stone balls found in the gully near the village Wet Olhovka. Stormy meltwater due to unusually snowy winter brought down part of the slopes of the ravine, and world were amazing structures — stone balls over meter diameter, similar in shape, as if calibrated.
— Material? .. Well, something similar to the hard quartz sandstone layer structure, — said Vasily. — But the most striking — the balls are hollow inside! Rather, filled with a kind of grayish-yellow sand. Feeling as if it were a huge fossilized eggs animal. — Maybe a dinosaur? Find the … — I suggested.
— No, it is too big. Fossilized dinosaur eggs that are found in different parts of the world, range in size from 18 to 24 inches and weighing up to five kilograms. And there is almost a ton of weight …
The endless belt of asphalt has led us out of the Volgograd region Kotovskij. In a shallow ravine with a dry sandy trail in place of spring creek we go down the chain led by Krutskevichem. As part of the researchers from the Volga Valery Moskaliev, Sergei Lobanov with two young assistants, Volgograd writer Oleg Bazhanov and the author of these lines.
We see a sheer wall of red sandstone ball in polrosta man with cracked stone surface. A short distance away lay a row of several of these balls. The two spheres are broken, really empty inside, filled with sand.
Most involve balls are not broken. They are intricately covered with hard mesh-like fossilized blood vessels. This reminds chicken egg stage where the embryo is formed next chicken.
However, the balls are not like laying eggs: the extreme distance balls from one another not less than two hundred meters. They pulled the chain on the bottom of the beam. Several areas in the ground are right under your feet, as if left in the muddy bottom, untouched for millions of years. This time period — tens of millions of years — we are not saying a word, to define the mysterious discovery. The abyss of time, which can be viewed, to touch, to capture the picture! ..
— Come here! — Called us Sergei Lobanov, a young researcher. — There's something strange! ..
It clears the entrenching tool roundness, which is hidden in the ground. Near a strange construction of five meters in length, as it consisted of three fused "eggs". The surface structure resembles the shell of a giant turtle. (Photo number 2.) Total in the gully we counted twelve balls, except for the three spheres connected together.
Guests of the Mesozoic
When everything is filled contemplation of the mysterious spheres, made measurements, took samples — time began hypotheses.
The first thing I thought: but is not this a bit of a trace of volcanic activity? From the crevices at the bottom of paleo-Tethys, once dabble here vybulkivalis bubbles of molten lava rock that's formed such objections balls … But we also brushed aside a comfortable version of themselves: the material does not look like lava, and it is too structured for uniformity. Be sure there is a fossilized shell thickness of 20-30 cm and an internal diameter of 50-60 cm cavity hardly volcano create such identical "Bulka", and did not show up earlier in these places traces of the ancient fire-breathing mountains.
Or is it really any eggs gigantozavrov that lived millions of years ago on Earth? It was too similar to those strange balls giant eggs or, say, on the eggs.
We went home full of doubt and incomprehensible intrigue. Stone Balls agitated mind, and soon we again wanted to go to a flea ravine near Wet Olkhovka. Here are bumping-trodden "popular" trail — from the neighborhood are drawn inquisitive fellow stare at the miracle of nature.
Upon arrival, immediately notice the loss of two ball disappeared. To whom and for what purposes are they needed — is unclear. Worse, the balls continue to break with sledgehammers.
By the way, there has recently been a professor of Saratov State University, Doctor of Geological and Mineralogical Sciences Yevgeny Petrushov. The scientist determined the age of unique formations in 180 million years. And in this one, you see, Kotovskaya balls acquire special value.
New studies have yielded results. Balloon was about thirty pieces, if you count the broken education and those that are almost completely buried in the ground. They are about the same plane, a meter above or below the meter. As if they were buried in the mud. Sandy path to the bottom beam — entirely internal matter of the broken balloons. There are a couple of balls joined together, "eggs".
— Note that it looks like on the plant, and I do not rule out that here we are seeing a pronounced mineral form of life — summed up its findings the researcher of anomalous phenomena Vladimir Efimchuk. — There is a wonderful work of Albert Bokovikova in which almost proved silicon life form on the example of the mineral agate. His research is confirmed by other scientists, mineralogists.
Indeed, there was a feeling that the unknown giant organisms evolved and were at different stages of maturation. Many have already burst, were washed with water, and a strong core of stone but a stone shell fragments, train dragged the bed of spring flows, showed that there were also these strange organisms. Laboratory analysis of gray sand of the balls has shown that he is up to 80 percent of the organic matter. So it was a living organism! ..
The miracle of the compass
Stone mystery in Kotovsky's very fascinated by his secret Volzhanin Yuri Peskisheva, researchers, a chemical engineer by training. He did a great job of identifying the Internet numerous similar finds odd balls in different parts of the world.
About dinosaur eggs Yuri now knows many things: find detailed descriptions and pictures in China, India, Peru, Mongolia and other masonry eggs are laid in a circle and all petrified. But all of small size (photo number 3).
But large areas are found in various parts of the world.
Moeraki is a small fishing village on the coast of New Zealand is known around the world due to the geological wonder — the so-called "Moeraki boulders", a huge spherical stones scattered along the sandy beach. Boulders nearly perfect spherical shape with a diameter of 1.5 to 2.2 meters. Their age is estimated at 60 million years.
— I've seen pictures — called me Peskishev — some balls resemble those Kotovskaya! They have the same network of veins on the surface of the … (photo number 4).
In the south-east of Costa Rica are buried several dozen strange stone balls with a diameter of three meters that weigh under 20 tons. The material is different — from volcanic rock to granite. All of them are almost perfectly round, and have traces of processing. The most amazing thing: the age of the mysterious spheres is supposedly about five hundred years. But to whom and for what purpose it took them grind — is unclear. After all, this is a very long titanic work!
In the Mexican silver mines were found stone spheres in Guatemala have found the balls that are in some way like a "crept" into the mountains to a height of more than two thousand meters. The Arctic island of Champa in the Franz Josef Land, too, all studded with perfectly round stones. They are like cannonballs stacked in a pyramid. Now these balls is clearly of natural origin.
In Russia, too, there are places where you can admire the strange spherical formations. For example, on the Vyatka River in the Kirov region. They were found working in the quarry for the extraction of construction materials. Age balls about 253 million years, different sizes — from half a meter to two in diameter. Weight — half to two tons, and the largest stone — 4 tons (photo number 5). In 2007, at the bottom of the Black Sea near Gelendzhik found more than 15 balloons from 0.7 to five feet in diameter. On most balls were cross-shaped incisions. Geologists and historians have drawn the conclusion that the ball was taken from a depth of machined artificially, and in its visible surface "ledge" and the X-shaped cut.
In general, stone balls are not uncommon. In Kazakhstan, the development of the sand pit in deep water, they found several large stone spheres. They come across in the coal mines. In the South Mangishlak, in the town Turishev, Ustiurt, Karagiye found entire placer mysterious spheres of different sizes and configurations (photo number 6). Giants-balls there in Mexico, the U.S., Brazil, Tanzania, Romania, Egypt and elsewhere. And now in the Volgograd region … And increasingly, in explaining the nature of the balls we came across the word "nodules".
It turns out that the nodules — this is from the Latin word concretio — accretion, thickening. This contraction, mineral rounded education in sedimentary rocks. The centers of the nodules may be grains of minerals, shells, teeth and bones of fish, the remains of plants — that's where the organic matter inside! Most of them are formed in porous sedimentary rocks — the sands and clays. Some scientists stress that the nodule turns into a ball and uniformly increases when the substances are deposited in the rock, equally permeable in all directions. As the ancestral home of the balls is often called muddy ocean floor. Typical nodules — are pearls in mollusk shells, stones in the kidney, pancreas.
Apparently, this is actually concretions, although there are still many unknown … And then one day, Yuri Peskishev announced a new hypothesis.
— It is possible that these are traces of ball lightning in the ground! — He said. — Investigations of such nodules has been a geologist and geophysicist from Kazakhstan GV Tarasenko, and he has a pretty convincing evidence.
"- Yes, it is spherical concretions — said Gennady PhD Tarasenko a reporter's question about the nature of" Kotovskaya "balls. — Their origin is connected with the electrical discharge in the earth's crust and mantle, in the areas of active tectonic faults. According to him there are real underground lightning storm length of tens of kilometers. At the end of the line of lightning occur and their closest relatives — ball lightning. Many balls consist of 90 percent iron oxide. Iron is attracted by electromagnetic fields, so concretion formed. Once it was millions of years ago, and the balls were made of stone. But what's interesting — underground lightning appear where there are deposits of oil. After all, oil dielectric.
So, the new version … By a single hypothesis about the nature of balls no one has yet come. One thing is clear: find near the village Wet Olhovka — this is a rare geological phenomenon, and it certainly should be preserved as an interesting natural phenomenon. Are the stone balls nodules, the product of plant origin or creation of underground fireballs — in any case we must not lose this phenomenon is due to our indifference and neglect. Would dig up some balls out of the ground, equip here something like an outdoor museum, and here, in the Volga steppes, will drive curious tourists, it will be possible to organize exciting tours. The same people go to the ends of the world to New Zealand or to Costa Rica to enjoy the strange formations!