UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon made on Sunday with an initiative to protect the oceans from pollution and over-fishing, which lead to increased levels of the oceans and seas, and threaten the lives of hundreds of millions of people, according to Agence France Presse.
A new initiative called "Ocean treaty" (Ocean Compact), which provides improved "sorry state" of the oceans, the UN Secretary General announced in the South Korean city of Yeosu, which is currently in the World Exhibition EXPO 2012 on the problems of ecology and coastal ocean zones.
"Our oceans are warming and increasing. We risk facing with irreversible changes in the processes that we barely understood, such as the strong ocean currents affecting the weather conditions," — said Ban Ki-moon at the conference dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the signing of the UN Convention on Law of the Sea.
"Increasing ocean acidity (due to absorption of carbon) has the very bottom of the existence of our oceans, and rising sea levels threaten to change the map of the world at the cost of hundreds of millions of vulnerable people," — said the secretary general.
According to him, "Ocean treaty" should be aimed at "improving the health of the oceans." It calls on the governments of the countries most at risk from rising sea levels, to develop measures to reduce the threat, including the establishment of warning systems in the event of a tsunami.
While Ban's initiative is the only plan of action for the various elements of the UN system, which is still pending before the ad hoc advisory group. This group, according to Agence France-Presse, will include senior politicians, academics and experts, marine scientists, and representatives of the private sector and civil society.
As noted by Ban Ki-moon, his initiative also provides for compliance with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, which the Secretary General has called one of the most important instruments of stable development of the world community.
"It (the Convention), contributing to peace and security in the world, equitable and efficient utilization of ocean resources, the protection and preservation of the marine environment, as well as respect for the legitimate and just global economic order", — said the Secretary General of the UN.