Development of a new ground-based analogue conducted after the South American Republic of Kazakhstan «Gryphon» with a rocket «Tomahawk». According to the task, the work on the creation of the Republic of Kazakhstan "Relief" was required to finish in two years.
Development and design of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the Marine KRBD (C-10 "Granat") and airborne (X-55, enacting -1982 year) begins at the end of 1976. Unofficially, the development of ground modification begins in 1983. Officially the Republic of Kazakhstan "Relief" begin to develop by the decision of the Central Committee of the party and the CM from 10.04.1984 years № 108-32. For the base taken seabed RK "Garnet" and developed under it KRBD 3M10. The complex is the title of "Relief" and under it develops KRBD KC-122. Commissioned the development of the Sverdlovsk design bureau "Innovator", produced zamGK A.Usoltsev management, managed design team GC L.Lyulev. Responsible for the creation of a new complex of the Ministry appointed Deputy M.Ilina.
Creating a launcher, machine transport / loading and management, land of the equipment was commissioned Sverdlovsk enterprise "Start". The equipment prelaunch processing systems and processing payment data with onboard equipment rocket made in the capital of NII-25.
The first models of machines used in the Republic of Kazakhstan "relief" were built at the company "Start" in a very rather short time — in 1984 they began to pass driving test. All tests were performed on a complex range of Defense of the USSR Akhtubinsky number 929. Altogether during the trials in 1983 and 1986 was the launch of four models of rockets and launch six missiles in the complete set. State tests began in 1985, they were at the same range.
The head of state acceptance of Kazakhstan "Relief" was the then Chief of Russian Air Force A.Efimov. In 1986, the complex has successfully passed the state tests and the step was adopted. Mass was conducted in the creation of the Sverdlovsk Machine-Building Plant named after Kalinin, where, and was transferred all the necessary documentation for the Republic of Kazakhstan "relief."
The fate of the complex
Factory has released only one batch of new RK-55 "Relief" with a rocket KC-122 when the Russian Alliance and the United States signed the contract to reduce the INF Treaty in 1988. The complex was placed under this Contract. From the United States were sent to all the spices and not so long ago released the party was disposed of at an air base near the town of Jelgava. Start recycling — in September 1988, immediately destroyed 4 units KRBD KC-122. Recent work on the destruction took place in October 1988. The last rocket killed, which was carried out measurements of total weight (using a download to ordinary diesel fuel tanks) at the request of the Yankees.
The device RC55
The complex consisted of:
— Autonomous SPU;
— transportation and loading machines;
— MBU control cars;
— ground-based equipment.
Trigger created on the chassis MAZ-79111/543M as an autonomous self-propelled launchers with index 9V2413 under 6 KRBD. Structure of the equipment installed on the launcher: equipment navigation, positioning and topographic reference, automation of production and the launching equipment to enter the flight data. Position area of work — five hundred kilometers. In operation, it appears that the placement of ordinary 6 missiles would be dangerous as the overload chassis, resulting in a decrease in mobility features and launch rockets. Because the decision to perform the rocket launcher with a swinging part of a single unit. Developed a special control system start-up. Electronic connector connection performed in the back of a block.
The main properties of the launcher:
-Length — 12.8 meters;
— Width — 3 meters;
— height — 3.8 m;
— settlement — vehicle commander and driver-mechanic;
— power — diesel type D12AN-650;
— Diesel power — 650 hp;
— wheel formula — 8×8;
— weight is not equipped / equipped launcher — 29.1/56 tons;
— speed up to 65 km / h;
— range up to 850 km march;
— the translation of military / stowed position to 15 minutes;
— while launching missiles — about Minutka;
— missile launch — single / volley at intervals of about a second.
— Overcoming obstacles: up to 40 degree slope, ditch to 3.2 meters;
KRBD KC-122 created by conventional aerodynamic configuration with a folding wing and vnutrifyuzelyazhnyh installing the motor. Elevator and rudder are also collapsible type, all-moving. Installed guidance and control system completely autonomous inertial performance adjusted for relefometricheskim data correlation extreme correction system, which comes: digital computer, the system of digital storage cards matrices sites adjustments and flight data, radar altimeter. On-board guidance system and the rest of onboard equipment created metropolitan
Research Institute of Instrument. It has chunked perform in some cases.
Propulsion system performance vnutrifyuzelyazhnyh developed in Omsk Design Bureau Motors and production association "Union." At first, Omsk designers have developed a compact marching turbofan vnutrifyuzelyazhnyh execution. The latest development was of 36-01/TRDD-50 title. He developed a thrust of 450 pounds. The work was done in 1976. Tests in 1980 for the complex "Rainbow" was considered a success. Several were subsequently conducted successful tests and complex "relief." But, for the KC-122 missiles was elected engine P-95-300 development INGOs "Alliance". The engine developed a thrust of 400 pounds and carried out at the plant in Zaporizhia.
The main characteristics of the rocket:
— total length — 8.09 m;
— container length — 8.39 m;
— wing — 3.3.metra;
— the diameter of the rocket — 51 cm;
— container diameter — 65 cm;
— starting weight — 1.7 tonnes;
— weight TPK — 2.4 tonnes;
— warhead weight does not exceed 200 kilograms;
— Power warhead — 20 kilotons;
— the greatest distance in the 2600-2900 km;
— Average speed — Mach 0.8;
— average altitude — 200 meters;
— applicable fuel — kerosene / detsilin;
— starting the engine — solid propellant powder.
The data on the RC-55 "Relief"
At 1988 was made 6 units of autonomous STC with ammunition KRBD 80 KC-122. They were all in the mode of trial use near the town of Jelgava Latvian SSR. At the end of 1988 there was held at the airbase disposal missiles. Most likely, the missiles were produced a little more, but, according to available data, the deposit received only the most experienced rocket complex. We are talking about 80-84 KRBD KC-122.
Short summary of the South American analogue of the complex «Gryphon»
The missile complex «Gryphon» under the title BGM-109G ground was a modification of "Tomahawk" and had the subsequent data:
— length of 6.4 meters;
— weight — a ton;
— average speed of 0.7 Mach;
— engine with a thrust of 270 pounds;
First rocket launch successful perfect first recognized in 1982. And in 1983, began to come into service the first serial standards.
The system comprises:
— 4 cars TPU-based MAN AG with the wheel formula 8 X 8;
— 16 cruise missiles BGM-109G;
— two command vehicles.
Total mass-produced about 560 cruise missiles for South American missile system. Sensitive least 100 rockets were in the United States, others were due to be placed on areas of European countries.
The ability of the rocket in comparison with Russian analogue were the least effective:
— low ESR;
— range of up to 2.5 thousand kilometers;
— average altitude of 30-40 meters;
— Power warhead of up to 150 kilotons.
The guidance system of the combined execution. Russian rocket KC-122 there is almost no different from the U.S. BGM-109. She had an inertial system and adjusting the contours of the terrain to make the company «TERCOM». It also comes onboard computer and radio altimeter. The data stored in bortovik, allowed to determine the position of the flight with excessive precision, CHED was about 20-30 meters.
The main purpose was to incapacitate the enemy from launching strategic missiles, military airfields, different databases and cluster-based manpower and equipment, air defense of strategic facilities, the destruction of large strategic facilities such as power plants, bridges and dams.
Apart from ground-based version, developed for the Air Force flight model. In 1980, the study results of the competition, which was attended by AGM-86B and Boeing AGM-109 (modification of BGM-109) from General Dynamics, the military chose a rocket from the Boeing Company.
According to the signed Agreement with the Russian Union of the United States disposed of all the launchers and cruise missile complex «Gryphon». Last missile BGM-109G 31.05 was utilized in 1991. Approximate price of a BGM-109G — a bit more than 1 million dollars (in 1991). Eight missiles were "disarmed" and sent to museums and expositions.
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